Human Thrombopoietin/Tpo Biotinylated Antibody

Catalog # Availability Size / Price Qty
BAF288
Product Details
Citations (1)
FAQs
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Human Thrombopoietin/Tpo Biotinylated Antibody Summary

Species Reactivity
Human
Specificity
Detects human Thrombopoietin in ELISAs and Western blots. In sandwich immunoassays, less than 0.2% cross-reactivity with recombinant mouse Thrombopoietin, recombinant human (rh) Erythropoietin, and rhThrombopoietin R is observed.
Source
Polyclonal Goat IgG
Purification
Antigen Affinity-purified
Immunogen
S. frugiperda insect ovarian cell line Sf 21-derived recombinant human Thrombopoietin (R&D Systems, Catalog # 288-TP)
Ser22-Gly353
Accession # P40225
Formulation
Lyophilized from a 0.2 μm filtered solution in PBS with BSA as a carrier protein.
Label
Biotin

Applications

Recommended Concentration
Sample
Western Blot
0.1 µg/mL
Recombinant Human Thrombopoietin/Tpo (Catalog # 288-TP)

Human Thrombopoietin/Tpo Sandwich Immunoassay

Recommended Concentration
Reagent
ELISA Detection (Matched Antibody Pair)
0.1-0.4 µg/mL 

Use in combination with:

Capture Reagent: Human Thrombopoietin/Tpo Antibody (Catalog # MAB288)

Detection Reagent: Human Thrombopoietin/Tpo Biotinylated Antibody (Catalog # BAM288)

Standard: Recombinant Human Thrombopoietin (NS0-expressed) Protein (Catalog # 288-TPN)

Please Note: Optimal dilutions should be determined by each laboratory for each application. General Protocols are available in the Technical Information section on our website.

Reconstitution Calculator

Reconstitution Calculator

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Preparation and Storage

Reconstitution
Reconstitute at 0.2 mg/mL in sterile PBS.
Reconstitution Buffer Available
Reconstitution Buffer 1 (PBS)
Catalog #
Availability
Size / Price
Qty
RB01
Shipping
The product is shipped at ambient temperature. Upon receipt, store it immediately at the temperature recommended below.
Stability & Storage
Use a manual defrost freezer and avoid repeated freeze-thaw cycles.
  • 12 months from date of receipt, -20 to -70 °C as supplied.
  • 1 month, 2 to 8 °C under sterile conditions after reconstitution.
  • 6 months, -20 to -70 °C under sterile conditions after reconstitution.

Background: Thrombopoietin/Tpo

Thrombopoietin (Tpo), is a key regulator of megakaryocytopoiesis and thrombopoiesis. It is principally produced in the liver and is bound and internalized by the receptor Tpo R/c-mpl. Defects in the Tpo-Tpo R signaling pathway are associated with a variety of platelet disorders (1 - 3). The 353 amino acid (aa) human Tpo precursor is cleaved to yield the 332 aa mature protein. Mature human Tpo shares approximately 70% aa sequence homology with mouse and rat Tpo. It is an 80 - 85 kDa protein that consists of an N-terminal domain with homology to Erythropoietin (Epo) and a C-terminal domain that contains multiple N-linked and O-linked glycosylation sites (4, 5). Tissue specific alternate splicing of human Tpo generates multiple isoforms with internal deletions, insertions, and/or C-terminal substitutions (6). Tpo promotes the differentiation, proliferation, and maturation of MK and their progenitors (4, 5, 7). Several other cytokines can promote these functions as well but only in cooperation with Tpo (8, 9). Notably, IL-3 independently induces MK development, although its effects are restricted to early in the MK lineage (8, 9). Tpo additionally promotes platelet production, aggregation, ECM adhesion, and activation (10, 13). It is cleaved by platelet-derived thrombin following Arg191 within the C-terminal domain and subsequently at other sites upon extended digestion (14). Full length Tpo and shorter forms circulate in the plasma (4, 5). The C-terminal domain is not required for binding to Tpo R or inducing MK growth and differentiation (5). Aside from its hematopoietic effects, Tpo is expressed in the brain where it promotes the apoptosis of hypoxia-sensitized neurons and inhibits neuronal differentiation by blocking NGF induced signaling (15, 16).

References
  1. Deutsch, V.R. and A. Tomer (2006) Br. J. Haematol. 134:453.
  2. Kaushansky, K. (2005) J. Clin. Invest. 115:3339.
  3. Li, J. et al. (1999) Br. J. Haematol. 106:345.
  4. Bartley, T.D. et al. (1994) Cell 77:1117.
  5. de Sauvage, F.J. et al. (1994) Nature 369:533.
  6. Marcucci, R. and M. Romano (2008) Biochim. Biophys. Acta 1782:427.
  7. Kaushansky, K. et al. (1994) Nature 369:568.
  8. Kaushansky, K. et al. (1995) Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. 92:3234.
  9. Broudy, V.C. et al. (1995), Blood 85:1719.
  10. Lok, S.I. et al. (1994) Nature 369:565.
  11. Chen, J. et al. (1995) Blood 86:4054.
  12. Oda, A. et al. (1996) Blood 87:4664.
  13. Van Os, E. et al. (2003) Br. J. Haematol. 121:482.
  14. Kato, T. et al. (1997) Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. 94:4669.
  15. Ehrenreich, H. et al. (2005) Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. 102:862.
  16. Samoylenko, A. et al. (2008) Cell. Signal. 20:154.
Entrez Gene IDs
7066 (Human); 21832 (Mouse); 81811 (Rat)
Alternate Names
Megakaryocyte colony-stimulating factor; Megakaryocyte growth and development factor; megakaryocyte stimulating factor; MGDF; MGDFC-mpl ligand; MKCSF; MK-CSF; ML; MPL ligand; MPLLG; MPLLGMGC163194; Myeloproliferative leukemia virus oncogene ligand; THCYT1; THPO; thrombopoietin nirs variant 1; Thrombopoietin; Tpo; TPOMKCSF

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Citation for Human Thrombopoietin/Tpo Biotinylated Antibody

R&D Systems personnel manually curate a database that contains references using R&D Systems products. The data collected includes not only links to publications in PubMed, but also provides information about sample types, species, and experimental conditions.

1 Citation: Showing 1 - 1

  1. Molecular Profiling for Predictors of Radiosensitivity in Patients with Breast or Head-and-Neck Cancer
    Authors: K Drobin, M Marczyk, M Halle, D Danielsson, A Papiez, T Sangsuwan, A Bendes, MG Hong, U Qundos, M Harms-Ring, P Wersäll, J Polanska, JM Schwenk, S Haghdoost
    Cancers (Basel), 2020;12(3):.
    Species: Human
    Sample Types: Plasma
    Applications: ELISA Development (Detection)

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