CXCL10/IP‑10/CRG‑2 in Mouse Thymus. CXCL10/IP‑10/CRG‑2 was detected in immersion fixed frozen sections of mouse thymus using Goat Anti-Mouse|
CXCL10/IP‑10/CRG‑2 Biotinylated Antigen Affinity-purified Polyclonal Antibody (Catalog # BAF466) at 15 µg/mL overnight at 4 °C. Tissue was stained using the Anti-Goat HRP-DAB Cell & Tissue Staining Kit (brown; Catalog # CTS008) and counterstained with hematoxylin (blue). Specific staining was localized to lymphocytes. View our protocol for Chromogenic IHC Staining of Frozen Tissue Sections.
The gene for CRG-2, a mouse homolog of human IP-10, was originally identified as an immediate early gene induced in response to macrophage activation. It has been shown that CRG-2 mRNA is induced by alpha / beta / gamma -interferons and by lipopolysaccharide in macrophages, astrocytes and microglia. Human IP-10 was also shown to be expressed in activated T-lymphocytes, splenocytes, keratinocytes, osteoblasts, astrocytes, and smooth muscle cells. Mouse CRG-2 cDNA encodes a 98 amino acid (aa) residue precursor protein with a 21 aa residue signal peptide that is cleaved to form the 77 aa residue secreted mature protein. Mature CRG-2 shares approximately 67% amino acid sequence identity with human IP-10. The amino acid sequence of CRG-2 identified the protein as a member of the chemokine alpha subfamily that lacks the ELR domain. CRG-2 has been shown to be a chemoattractant for activated T-lymphocytes. Human IP-10 has also been reported to be a potent inhibitor of angiogenesis and to display a potent thymus-dependent anti-tumor effect. A chemokine receptor specific for IP-10 and MIG (CXCR3) has been cloned and shown to be highly expressed in IL-2-activated T-lymphocytes.
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