|Detection of IL‑17/IL‑17A in Mouse Splenocytes Stimulated to Induce Th17 cells by Flow Cytometry. Mouse splenocytes stimulated to induce Th17 cells were stained with Rat Anti-Mouse CD4 PE‑conjugated Monoclonal Antibody (Catalog # FAB554P) and either (A) Rat Anti-Mouse IL‑17/IL‑17A Monoclonal Antibody (Catalog # MAB7211) or (B) Rat IgG2B Isotype Control (Catalog # MAB0061) followed by Allophycocyanin-conjugated Anti-Rat IgG Secondary Antibody (Catalog # F0113). To facilitate intracellular staining, cells were fixed with Flow Cytometry Fixation Buffer (Catalog # FC004) and permeabilized with Flow Cytometry Permeabilization/Wash Buffer I (Catalog # FC005).|
Interleukin 17 (also known as CTLA-8) is a T cell-expressed pleiotropic cytokine that exhibits a high degree of homology to a protein encoded by the ORF13 gene of herpes virus Saimiri. cDNA clones encoding IL-17 have been isolated from activated rat, mouse and human T cells. Mouse IL-17 cDNA encodes a 158 amino acid (aa) residue precursor protein with a 21 amino acid residue signal peptide that is cleaved to yield the 137 aa residue mature IL-17. Both recombinant and natural IL-17 have been shown to exist as disulfide linked homodimers. At the amino acid level, mouse IL-17 shows 57% and 87% sequence identity with herpes virus and rat IL-17, respectively. An IL-17 specific mouse cell surface receptor (IL-17 R) has been cloned. While the expression of IL-17 mRNA is restricted to activated alpha beta TCR+CD4-CD8- T cells, the expression of mouse IL-17 R mRNA has been detected in virtually all cells and tissues tested. IL-17 exhibits multiple biological activities on a variety of cells including: the induction of IL-6 and IL-8 production in fibroblasts; the enhancement of surface expression of ICAM-1 in fibroblasts; activation of NF-kappa B and costimulation of T cell proliferation.
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