Recombinant Human TIGIT (A103) Fc Chimera Protein, CF Summary
Why choose R&D Systems TIGIT Protein?
- Guaranteed Bioactivity and High Purity: Bioactivity tested by functional ELISA and purity determined by SDS-PAGE to be greater than 90%.
- Lot-to-Lot Consistency: Stringent QC testing performed on each lot to ensure consistent activity and purity.
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- Most Respected, Most Cited Brand in Proteins: With over 35 years of providing the best recombinant proteins to the scientific community, R&D Systems continues to lead the industry in quality, activity, and purity.
The non-Fc, His-tagged TIGIT protein is available here His-tagged TIGIT Protein
(Met22 - Pro141, A103)
Accession # AAI01289
CF stands for Carrier Free (CF). We typically add Bovine Serum Albumin (BSA) as a carrier protein to our recombinant proteins. Adding a carrier protein enhances protein stability, increases shelf-life, and allows the recombinant protein to be stored at a more dilute concentration. The carrier free version does not contain BSA.
In general, we advise purchasing the recombinant protein with BSA for use in cell or tissue culture, or as an ELISA standard. In contrast, the carrier free protein is recommended for applications, in which the presence of BSA could interfere.
|Formulation||Lyophilized from a 0.2 μm filtered solution in PBS.|
|Reconstitution||Reconstitute at 500 μg/mL in PBS.|
|Shipping||The product is shipped at ambient temperature. Upon receipt, store it immediately at the temperature recommended below.|
|Stability & Storage:||Use a manual defrost freezer and avoid repeated freeze-thaw cycles.
When Recombinant Human CD155/PVR (Catalog # 2530-CD) is immobilized at 2.5 µg/mL, Recombinant Human TIGIT (A103) Fc Chimera (Catalog # 7898-TGB) binds with an ED50 of 40-200 ng/mL.
TIGIT (T cell Immunoreceptor with Ig and ITIM domains), also called Vstm3 (V-set and transmembrane domain-containing 3), Vsig9 (V-set and Ig domain-containing 9) and WUCAM (Washington University cell adhesion molecule) is a 30-34 kDa type I transmembrane protein that is a member of the CD28 family within the Ig superfamily of proteins (1-4). Human TIGIT cDNA encodes 244 amino acids (aa) including a 21 aa signal sequence, a 120 aa extracellular region with a V-type Ig-like domain and two potential N-glycosylation site, a 21 aa transmembrane sequence, and an 82 aa cytoplasmic domain with an ITIM motif (5). A 170 aa variant diverges after aa 166 (5). Within the ECD, human TIGIT shares only 68-75% aa sequence identity with mouse, porcine, canine, equine and bovine TIGIT. TIGIT is expressed on NK cells and subsets of activated, memory and regulatory T cells, and particularly on follicular helper T cells within secondary lymphoid organs (1, 2, 6-8). It binds to CD155/PVR/Necl-5 and Nectin-2/CD112/PVRL2 that appear on dendritic cells (DC) and endothelium (1-3, 7). Binding of TIGIT by DC induces IL-10 release and inhibits IL-12 production (2). Ligation of TIGIT on T cells down‑regulates TCR-mediated activation and subsequent proliferation, while NK cell TIGIT ligation blocks NK cell cytotoxicity (6-8). Through CD155 and Nectin-2, which also interact with DNAM-1/CD226 and CD96/Tactile, TIGIT is part of an interacting network of Ig superfamily members that may augment or oppose each other (3, 4, 6, 7). In particular, TIGIT binding to CD155 can antagonize the effects of DNAM-1 (6, 7). Soluble TIGIT is able to compete with DNAM-1 for CD155 binding and attenuates T cell responses, while mice lacking TIGIT show increased T cell responses and susceptibility to autoimmune challenges (2, 3, 8).
- Boles, K.S. et al. (2009) Eur. J. Immunol. 39:695.
- Yu, X. et al. (2009) Nat. Immunol. 10:48.
- Levin, S.D. et al. (2011) Eur. J. Immunol. 41:902.
- Xu, Z. et al. (2010) Cell. Mol. Immunol. 7:11.
- SwissProt Accession # Q495A1.
- Seth, S. et al. (2009) Eur. J. Immunol. 39:3160.
- Stanietsky, N. et al. (2009) Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 106:17858.
- Joller, N. et al. (2011) J. Immunol. 83:1338.
Citation for Recombinant Human TIGIT (A103) Fc Chimera Protein, CF
R&D Systems personnel manually curate a database that contains references using R&D Systems products. The data collected includes not only links to publications in PubMed, but also provides information about sample types, species, and experimental conditions.
1 Citation: Showing 1 - 1
TIGIT expression levels on human NK cells correlate with functional heterogeneity among healthy individuals.
Authors: Wang F, Hou H, Wu S, Tang Q, Liu W, Huang M, Yin B, Huang J, Mao L, Lu Y, Sun Z
Eur J Immunol, 2015;45(10):2886-97.
Sample Types: Whole Cells
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