Recombinant Mouse TGF-beta 1 Protein 7666-MB-005: R&D Systems

Recombinant Mouse TGF-beta 1 Protein

(38 citations)
(1 Review)
  
  • Purity
    >95%, by SDS-PAGE under reducing conditions and visualized by silver stain
  • Endotoxin Level
    <0.01 EU per 1 μg of the protein by the LAL method.
  • Activity
    Measured by its ability to inhibit the IL-4-dependent proliferation of HT‑2 mouse T cells. Tsang, M. et al. (1995) Cytokine 7:389. The ED50 for this effect is typically 0.04-0.2 ng/mL.
  • Source
    Chinese Hamster Ovary cell line, CHO-derived Ala279-Ser390
  • Accession #
  • N-terminal Sequence
    Analysis
    Ala279
  • Predicted Molecular Mass
    12.8 (monomer) kDa
  • SDS-PAGE
    10.5 kDa, reducing conditions
Carrier Free
What does CF mean?
CF stands for Carrier Free (CF). We typically add Bovine Serum Albumin (BSA) as a carrier protein to our recombinant proteins. Adding a carrier protein enhances protein stability, increases shelf-life, and allows the recombinant protein to be stored at a more dilute concentration. The carrier free version does not contain BSA.
What formulation is right for me?
In general, we advise purchasing the recombinant protein with BSA for use in cell or tissue culture, or as an ELISA standard. In contrast, the carrier free protein is recommended for applications, in which the presence of BSA could interfere.
7666-MB
 
7666-MB/CF
Formulation Lyophilized from a 0.2 μm filtered solution in HCl with BSA as a carrier protein.
Formulation Lyophilized from a 0.2 μm filtered solution in HCl.
Reconstitution Reconstitute at 50 μg/mL in 4 mM HCl containing at least 0.1% human or bovine serum albumin.
Reconstitution Reconstitute at 50 μg/mL in 4 mM HCl.
Shipping The product is shipped at ambient temperature. Upon receipt, store it immediately at the temperature recommended below.
Shipping The product is shipped at ambient temperature. Upon receipt, store it immediately at the temperature recommended below.
Stability & Storage: Use a manual defrost freezer and avoid repeated freeze-thaw cycles.
  • 12 months from date of receipt, -20 to -70 °C as supplied.
  • 1 month, 2 to 8 °C under sterile conditions after reconstitution.
  • 3 months, -20 to -70 °C under sterile conditions after reconstitution.
Stability & Storage: Use a manual defrost freezer and avoid repeated freeze-thaw cycles.
  • 12 months from date of receipt, -20 to -70 °C as supplied.
  • 1 month, 2 to 8 °C under sterile conditions after reconstitution.
  • 3 months, -20 to -70 °C under sterile conditions after reconstitution.
Background: TGF-beta 1

TGF-beta 1 (transforming growth factor beta 1) is one of three closely related mammalian members of the large TGF‑ beta superfamily that share a characteristic cystine knot structure (1‑7). TGF‑ beta 1, -2 and -3 are highly pleiotropic cytokines that are proposed to act as cellular switches that regulate processes such as immune function, proliferation and epithelial‑mesenchymal transition (1‑4). Each TGF‑ beta isoform has some non‑redundant functions; for TGF‑ beta 1, mice with targeted deletion show defects in hematopoiesis and endothelial differentiation, and die of overwhelming inflammation (2). Human or mouse TGF‑ beta 1 cDNA encodes a 390 amino acid (aa) precursor that contains a 29 aa signal peptide and a 361 aa proprotein (8). A furin‑like convertase processes the proprotein to generate an N‑terminal 249 aa latency‑associated peptide (LAP) and a C‑terminal 112 aa mature TGF‑ beta 1 (8, 9). Disulfide‑linked homodimers of LAP and TGF‑ beta 1 remain non‑covalently associated after secretion, forming the small latent TGF‑ beta 1 complex (8‑10). Covalent linkage of LAP to one of three latent TGF‑ beta binding proteins (LTBPs) creates a large latent complex that may interact with the extracellular matrix (9, 10). TGF‑ beta is activated from latency by pathways that include actions of the protease plasmin, matrix metalloproteases, thrombospondin 1 and a subset of integrins (10). Mature mouse TGF‑ beta 1 shares 99‑100% aa sequence identity with human, rat, equine, porcine, canine and bovine TGF‑ beta 1. It demonstrates cross‑species activity (1). TGF‑ beta 1 signaling begins with high‑affinity binding to a type II ser/thr kinase receptor termed TGF‑ beta  RII. This receptor then phosphorylates and activates a second ser/thr kinase receptor, TGF‑ beta  RI (also called activin receptor‑like kinase (ALK) ‑5), or alternatively, ALK‑1. This complex phosphorylates and activates Smad proteins that regulate transcription (3, 11, 12). Contributions of the accessory receptors betaglycan (also known as TGF‑ beta  RIII) and endoglin, or use of Smad‑independent signaling pathways, allow for disparate actions observed in response to TGF‑ beta in different contexts (11).

  • References:
    1. Derynck, R. and K. Miyazono (2008) Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory Press, 29.
    2. Dunker, N. and K. Krieglstein (2000) Eur. J. Biochem. 267:6982.
    3. Wahl, S.M. (2006) Immunol. Rev. 213:213.
    4. Chang, H. et al. (2002) Endocr. Rev. 23:787.
    5. Lin, J.S. et al. (2006) Reproduction 132:179.
    6. Hinck, A.P. et al. (1996) Biochemistry 35:8517.
    7. Mittl, P.R.E. et al. (1996) Protein Sci. 5:1261.
    8. Derynck, R. et al. (1985) Nature 316:701.
    9. Miyazono, K. et al. (1988) J. Biol. Chem. 263:6407.
    10. Oklu, R. and R. Hesketh (2000) Biochem. J. 352:601.
    11. de Caestecker, M. et al. (2004) Cytokine Growth Factor Rev. 15:1.
    12. Zuniga, J.E. et al. (2005) J. Mol. Biol. 354:1052.
  • Long Name:
    Transforming Growth Factor beta 1
  • Entrez Gene IDs:
    7040 (Human); 21803 (Mouse); 59086 (Rat); 397078 (Porcine); 100033900 (Equine)
  • Alternate Names:
    CEDLAP; DPD1; latency-associated peptide; TGFB; TGFB1; TGF-beta 1 protein; TGFbeta 1; TGF-beta 1; TGFbeta; TGF-beta-1; transforming growth factor beta-1; transforming growth factor, beta 1
Related Research Areas
Citations:

R&D Systems personnel manually curate a database that contains references using R&D Systems products. The data collected includes not only links to publications in PubMed, but also provides information about sample types, species, and experimental conditions.

38 Citations: Showing 1 - 10
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Species
Applications
Sample Type
  1. T cells are necessary for ILC2 activation in house dust mite-induced allergic airway inflammation in mice
    Authors: BW Li, MJ de Bruijn, I Tindemans, M Lukkes, A KleinJan, HC Hoogsteden, RW Hendriks
    Eur J Immunol, 2016;0(0):.
    Species: Mouse
    Sample Type: Whole Cells
    Application: Bioassay
  2. Vimentin coordinates fibroblast proliferation and keratinocyte differentiation in wound healing via TGF-?-Slug signaling
    Proc Natl Acad Sci USA, 2016;113(30):E4320-7.
    Species: Mouse
    Sample Type: Whole Cells
    Application: Bioassay
  3. Differential effects of Pax3 on expression of polysialyltransferases STX and PST in TGF-?-treated normal murine mammary gland cells
    Exp Biol Med (Maywood), 2016;0(0):.
    Species: Mouse
    Sample Type: Whole Cells
    Application: Bioassay
  4. Autonomous membrane IgE signaling prevents IgE-memory formation
    Nat Immunol, 2016;0(0):.
    Species: Mouse
    Sample Type: Whole Cells
    Application: Bioassay
  5. Alternative splicing of MALT1 controls signalling and activation of CD4(+) T cells
    Authors: I Meininger, RA Griesbach, D Hu, T Gehring, T Seeholzer, A Bertossi, J Kranich, A Oeckinghau, AC Eitelhuber, U Greczmiel, A Gewies, M Schmidt-Su, J Ruland, T Brocker, V Heissmeyer, F Heyd, D Krappmann
    Nat Commun, 2016;7(0):11292.
    Species: Mouse
    Sample Type: Whole Cells
    Application: Bioassay
  6. Leptin directly promotes T-cell glycolytic metabolism to drive effector T-cell differentiation in a mouse model of autoimmunity
    Eur J Immunol, 2016;0(0):.
    Species: Mouse
    Sample Type: Whole Cells
    Application: Bioassay
  7. Restoration of Corneal Transparency by Mesenchymal Stem Cells
    Stem Cell Reports, 2016;7(4):583-590.
    Species: Mouse
    Sample Type: Whole Cells
    Application: Bioassay
  8. Pharmacologic modulation of ROR?t translates to efficacy in preclinical and translational models of psoriasis and inflammatory arthritis
    Sci Rep, 2016;6(0):37977.
    Species: Mouse
    Sample Type: Whole Cells
    Application: Bioassay
  9. All Trans Retinoic Acid, Transforming Growth Factor ? and Prostaglandin E2 in Mouse Plasma Synergize with Basophil-Secreted Interleukin-4 to M2 Polarize Murine Macrophages
    PLoS ONE, 2016;11(12):e0168072.
    Species: Mouse
    Sample Type: Whole Cells
    Application: Bioassay
  10. Th1 cells downregulate connexin 43 gap junctions in astrocytes via microglial activation
    Sci Rep, 2016;6(0):38387.
    Species: Mouse
    Sample Type: Whole Cells
    Application: Bioassay
  11. Affinity for self antigen selects Treg cells with distinct functional properties
    Nat Immunol, 2016;0(0):.
    Species: Mouse
    Sample Type: Whole Cells
    Application: Bioassay
  12. Beta 1-integrin ligation and TLR ligation enhance GM-CSF-induced ALDH1A2 expression in dendritic cells, but differentially regulate their anti-inflammatory properties
    Sci Rep, 2016;6(0):37914.
    Species: Mouse
    Sample Type: Whole Cells
    Application: Bioassay
  13. Treatment of refractory cutaneous ulcers with mixed sheets consisting of peripheral blood mononuclear cells and fibroblasts
    Authors: Koji Ueno
    Sci Rep, 2016;6(0):28538.
    Species: Mouse
    Sample Type: Whole Cells
    Application: Bioassay
  14. Reduced TCR-dependent activation through citrullination of a T-cell epitope enhances Th17 development by disruption of the STAT3/5 balance
    Eur J Immunol, 2016;0(0):.
    Species: Mouse
    Sample Type: Whole Cells
    Application: Bioassay
  15. Impaired dendritic cell function in a spontaneous autoimmune polyneuropathy.
    Authors: Quan S, Kim H, Dukala D, Sheng J, Soliven B
    J Immunol, 2015;194(9):4175-84.
    Species: Mouse
    Sample Type: Whole Cells
    Application: Bioassay
  16. Blocking follistatin-like 1 attenuates bleomycin-induced pulmonary fibrosis in mice.
    Authors: Dong Y, Geng Y, Li L, Li X, Yan X, Fang Y, Li X, Dong S, Liu X, Li X, Yang X, Zheng X, Xie T, Liang J, Dai H, Liu X, Yin Z, Noble P, Jiang D, Ning W
    J Exp Med, 2015;212(2):235-52.
    Species: Mouse
    Sample Type: Whole Cells
    Application: Bioassay
  17. Long non-coding RNAs (LncRNA) regulated by transforming growth factor (TGF) beta: LncRNA-hit-mediated TGFbeta-induced epithelial to mesenchymal transition in mammary epithelia.
    Authors: Richards E, Zhang G, Li Z, Permuth-Wey J, Challa S, Li Y, Kong W, Dan S, Bui M, Coppola D, Mao W, Sellers T, Cheng J
    J Biol Chem, 2015;290(11):6857-67.
    Species: Mouse
    Sample Type: Whole Cells
    Application: Bioassay
  18. Endothelium and NOTCH specify and amplify aorta-gonad-mesonephros-derived hematopoietic stem cells.
    Authors: Hadland B, Varnum-Finney B, Poulos M, Moon R, Butler J, Rafii S, Bernstein I
    J Clin Invest, 2015;125(5):2032-45.
    Species: Mouse
    Sample Type: protein
    Application: Bioassay
  19. Monocyte Chemoattractant Protein-Induced Protein 1 (MCPIP1) Enhances Angiogenic and Cardiomyogenic Potential of Murine Bone Marrow-Derived Mesenchymal Stem Cells.
    Authors: Labedz-Maslowska A, Lipert B, Berdecka D, Kedracka-Krok S, Jankowska U, Kamycka E, Sekula M, Madeja Z, Dawn B, Jura J, Zuba-Surma E
    PLoS ONE, 2015;10(7):e0133746.
    Species: Mouse
    Sample Type: Whole Cells
    Application: Bioassay
  20. Beclin 1 regulates neuronal transforming growth factor-beta signaling by mediating recycling of the type I receptor ALK5.
    Authors: O'Brien C, Bonanno L, Zhang H, Wyss-Coray T
    Mol Neurodegener, 2015;10(1):69.
    Species: Mouse
    Sample Type: Whole Cells
    Application: Bioassay
  21. ShcA regulates late stages of T cell development and peripheral CD4+ T cell numbers.
    Authors: Buckley M, Trampont P, Arandjelovic S, Fond A, Juncadella I, Ravichandran K
    J Immunol, 2015;194(4):1665-76.
    Species: Mouse
    Sample Type: Whole Cells
    Application: Bioassay
  22. Novel mechanism of macrophage-mediated metastasis revealed in a zebrafish model of tumor development.
    Authors: Wang J, Cao Z, Zhang X, Nakamura M, Sun M, Hartman J, Harris R, Sun Y, Cao Y
    Cancer Res, 2015;75(2):306-15.
    Species: Mouse
    Sample Type: Whole Cells
    Application: Bioassay
  23. A functional polymorphism of Ptpn22 is associated with type 1 diabetes in the BioBreeding rat.
    Authors: Sarmiento J, Wallis R, Ning T, Marandi L, Chao G, Veillette A, Lernmark A, Paterson A, Poussier P
    J Immunol, 2015;194(2):615-29.
    Species: Rat
    Sample Type: Whole Cells
    Application: Bioassay
  24. Itk signals promote neuroinflammation by regulating CD4+ T-cell activation and trafficking.
    Authors: Kannan A, Kim D, August A, Bynoe M
    J Neurosci, 2015;35(1):221-33.
    Species: Mouse
    Sample Type: Whole Cells
    Application: Bioassay
  25. IL-1 signaling modulates activation of STAT transcription factors to antagonize retinoic acid signaling and control the TH17 cell-iTreg cell balance.
    Authors: Basu R, Whitley S, Bhaumik S, Zindl C, Schoeb T, Benveniste E, Pear W, Hatton R, Weaver C
    Nat Immunol, 2015;16(3):286-95.
    Species: Mouse
    Sample Type: Whole Cells
    Application: Bioassay
  26. Regulatory T cell reprogramming toward a Th2-cell-like lineage impairs oral tolerance and promotes food allergy.
    Authors: Noval Rivas M, Burton O, Wise P, Charbonnier L, Georgiev P, Oettgen H, Rachid R, Chatila T
    Immunity, 2015;42(3):512-23.
    Species: Mouse
    Sample Type: Whole Cells
    Application: Bioassay
  27. Dendritic cell SIRT1-HIF1alpha axis programs the differentiation of CD4+ T cells through IL-12 and TGF-beta1.
    Authors: Liu G, Bi Y, Xue L, Zhang Y, Yang H, Chen X, Lu Y, Zhang Z, Liu H, Wang X, Wang R, Chu Y, Yang R
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A, 2015;112(9):E957-65.
    Species: Mouse
    Sample Type: Whole Cells
    Application: Bioassay
  28. Myocardin-related transcription factors control the motility of epicardium-derived cells and the maturation of coronary vessels.
    Authors: Trembley M, Velasquez L, de Mesy Bentley K, Small E
    Development, 2015;142(1):21-30.
  29. Attenuation of experimental colitis in glutathione peroxidase 1 and catalase double knockout mice through enhancing regulatory T cell function.
    Authors: Kim H, Lee A, Choi E, Kie J, Lim W, Lee H, Moon B, Seoh J
    PLoS ONE, 2014;9(4):e95332.
    Species: Mouse
    Sample Type: Whole Cells
    Application: Bioassay
  30. Myostatin stimulates, not inihibits, C2C12 myoblast proliferation.
    Authors: Rodgers B, Wiedeback B, Hoversten K, Jackson M, Walker R, Thompson T
    Endocrinology, 2014;155(3):670-5.
    Species: Mouse
    Sample Type: whole cells
    Application: Bioassay
  31. Laminin alpha1 regulates age-related mesangial cell proliferation and mesangial matrix accumulation through the TGF-beta pathway.
    Authors: Ning L, Kurihara H, de Vega S, Ichikawa-Tomikawa N, Xu Z, Nonaka R, Kazuno S, Yamada Y, Miner J, Arikawa-Hirasawa E
    Am J Pathol, 2014;184(6):1683-94.
    Species: Mouse
    Sample Type: N/A
    Application: ELISA development
  32. IL-21 induces IL-22 production in CD4+ T cells.
    Authors: Yeste A, Mascanfroni I, Nadeau M, Burns E, Tukpah A, Santiago A, Wu C, Patel B, Kumar D, Quintana F
    Nat Commun, 2014;5(0):3753.
    Species: Mouse
    Sample Type: Whole Cells
    Application: Bioassay
  33. Retinoic acid prevents mesenteric lymph node dendritic cells from inducing IL-13-producing inflammatory Th2 cells.
    Authors: Yokota-Nakatsuma A, Takeuchi H, Ohoka Y, Kato C, Song S, Hoshino T, Yagita H, Ohteki T, Iwata M
    Mucosal Immunol, 2014;7(4):786-801.
    Species: Mouse
    Sample Type: Whole Cells
    Application: Bioassay
  34. Cell-extrinsic CTLA4-mediated regulation of dendritic cell maturation depends on STAT3.
    Authors: Kowalczyk A, D'Souza C, Zhang L
    Eur J Immunol, 2014;44(4):1143-55.
    Species: Mouse
    Sample Type: Whole Cells
    Application: Bioassay
  35. Endothelial dysfunction exacerbates renal interstitial fibrosis through enhancing fibroblast Smad3 linker phosphorylation in the mouse obstructed kidney.
    Authors: Sun Y, Qu X, Li X, Nikolic-Paterson D, Li J
    PLoS ONE, 2013;8(12):e84063.
    Species: Rat
    Sample Type: whole cells
    Application: cell culture
  36. FAK-related nonkinase is a multifunctional negative regulator of pulmonary fibrosis.
    Authors: Ding Q, Cai G, Hu M, Yang Y, Zheng A, Tang Q, Gladson C, Hayasaka H, Wu H, You Z, Southern B, Grove L, Rahaman S, Fang H, Olman M
    Am J Pathol, 2013;182(5):1572-84.
    Species: Mouse
    Sample Type: Whole Cells
    Application: Bioassay
  37. Exposure to atmospheric particulate matter enhances Th17 polarization through the aryl hydrocarbon receptor.
    Authors: van Voorhis, Michael, Knopp, Samantha, Julliard, Walker, Fechner, John H, Zhang, Xiaoji, Schauer, James J, Mezrich, Joshua D
    PLoS ONE, 2013;8(12):e82545.
    Species: Mouse
    Sample Type: whole cells
    Application: cell culture
  38. Regulation of innate CD8+ T-cell activation mediated by cytokines.
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A, 2012;109(25):9971-6.
    Species: Mouse
    Sample Type: Whole Cells
    Application: Bioassay
Expand to show all 38 Citations
Average Rating: 5 (Based on 1 review)

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