Human GFR alpha -1/GDNF R alpha -1 Antibody
Human GFR alpha -1/GDNF R alpha -1 Antibody Summary
Accession # P56159
Please Note: Optimal dilutions should be determined by each laboratory for each application. General Protocols are available in the Technical Information section on our website.
Preparation and Storage
- 12 months from date of receipt, -20 to -70 °C as supplied.
- 1 month, 2 to 8 °C under sterile conditions after reconstitution.
- 6 months, -20 to -70 °C under sterile conditions after reconstitution.
Background: GFR alpha-1/GDNF R alpha-1
Glial cell line-derived growth factor (GDNF), neurturin (NTN), artemin and persephin are distant members of the TGF-beta superfamily. They function as neurotrophic factors for a variety of neuronal populations in the central and peripheral nervous systems. The bioactivities of GDNF and NTN are mediated through a receptor complex composed of the non ligand-binding signaling subunit (c-Ret receptor tyrosine kinase) and either of two ligand binding subunits [GDNF receptor alpha -1 (GFR alpha -1) or GFR alpha -2]. GFR alpha -1 and -2 are members of a family of at least four cysteine-rich glycosyl-phosphatidylinositol (GPI)-linked cell surface proteins that share conserved placements of many of their cysteine residues. Binding of GDNF to membrane-associated GFR alpha -1 or GFR alpha -2 initiates the association with and activation of the Ret tyrosine kinase. Soluble GFR alpha s released enzymatically from the cell surface-associated protein with phosphatidylinositol phospholipase C, as well as recombinantly produced soluble GFR alpha -1, can also bind with high-affinity to GDNF and trigger the activation of Ret tyrosine kinase. Human GFR alpha -1 cDNA encodes a 465 amino acid (aa) residue protein with an N-terminal 24 aa residue hydrophobic signal peptide. Like other GPI-linked proteins, human GFR alpha -1 has a C-terminal hydrophobic region which is preceded by a three aa residue (ASS) GPI-binding site. Human GFR alpha -1 shares 93% aa identity with rat GFR alpha -1. The expression of the various GFR alpha s are differentially regulated in the central and peripheral nervous system, suggesting complementary roles for the GFR alpha s in mediating the activities of the GDNF family of neurotrophic factors.
- Thompson, J. et al. (1998) Mol. Cell Neurosci. 11:117.
- Trupp, M. et al. (1998) Mol. Cell Neurosci. 11:47.
- Baloh, R.H. et al. (1998) Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 95:5801.
Citation for Human GFR alpha -1/GDNF R alpha -1 Antibody
R&D Systems personnel manually curate a database that contains references using R&D Systems products. The data collected includes not only links to publications in PubMed, but also provides information about sample types, species, and experimental conditions.
1 Citation: Showing 1 - 1
Characterization, cryopreservation, and ablation of spermatogonial stem cells in adult rhesus macaques.
Authors: Hermann BP, Sukhwani M, Lin CC, Sheng Y, Tomko J, Rodriguez M, Shuttleworth JJ, McFarland D, Hobbs RM, Pandolfi PP, Schatten GP, Orwig KE
Stem Cells, 2007;25(9):2330-8.
Species: Primate - Macaca mulatta (Rhesus Macaque)
Sample Types: Whole Tissue
Applications: IHC Paraffin-embedded
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