Human IL-1 alpha /IL-1F1 Propeptide Antibody

Catalog # Availability Size / Price Qty
AF4154
AF4154-SP
Human IL-1 alpha /IL-1F1 Propeptide Antibody in Intracellular Staining by Flow Cytometry
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Citations (1)
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Human IL-1 alpha /IL-1F1 Propeptide Antibody Summary

Species Reactivity
Human
Specificity
Detects human IL-1 alpha /IL-1F1 propeptide in direct ELISAs and Western blots. In direct ELISAs and Western blots, less than 1% cross-reactivity with mature recombinant human IL-1 alpha /IL-1F1 is observed.
Source
Polyclonal Sheep IgG
Purification
Antigen Affinity-purified
Immunogen
E. coli-derived recombinant human IL-1 alpha /IL-1F1
Ala2-Arg112
Accession # P01583
Formulation
Lyophilized from a 0.2 μm filtered solution in PBS with Trehalose. *Small pack size (SP) is supplied as a 0.2 µm filtered solution in PBS.

Applications

Recommended Concentration
Sample
Western Blot
0.1 µg/mL
Recombinant Human IL‑1 alpha /IL‑1F1 (Catalog # 200-LA)
CyTOF-ready
Ready to be labeled using established conjugation methods. No BSA or other carrier proteins that could interfere with conjugation.
 
Intracellular Staining by Flow Cytometry
2.5 µg/106 cells
See below

Please Note: Optimal dilutions should be determined by each laboratory for each application. General Protocols are available in the Technical Information section on our website.

Data Example

Intracellular Staining by Flow Cytometry Detection of IL‑1 alpha /IL‑1F1 propeptide in LPS-treated Human PBMCs by Flow Cytometry. View Larger

Detection of IL‑1 alpha /IL‑1F1 propeptide in LPS-treated Human PBMCs by Flow Cytometry. Human peripheral blood mononuclear cells were treated for 6 hours with 1 µg/mL LPS then stained with Human IL-1a/IL-1F1 Propeptide Antigen Affinity-purified Polyclonal Antibody (Catalog # AF4154, filled histogram) or control antibody (Catalog # 5-001-A, open histogram), followed by NorthernLights™ 557-conjugated Anti-Sheep IgG Secondary Antibody (Catalog # NL010) To facilitate intracellular staining, cells were fixed with paraformaldehyde and permeabilized with saponin.

Reconstitution Calculator

Reconstitution Calculator

The reconstitution calculator allows you to quickly calculate the volume of a reagent to reconstitute your vial. Simply enter the mass of reagent and the target concentration and the calculator will determine the rest.

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Preparation and Storage

Reconstitution
Reconstitute at 0.2 mg/mL in sterile PBS.
Reconstitution Buffer Available
Reconstitution Buffer 1 (PBS)
Catalog #
Availability
Size / Price
Qty
RB01
Shipping
The product is shipped at ambient temperature. Upon receipt, store it immediately at the temperature recommended below. *Small pack size (SP) is shipped with polar packs. Upon receipt, store it immediately at -20 to -70 °C
Stability & Storage
Use a manual defrost freezer and avoid repeated freeze-thaw cycles.
  • 12 months from date of receipt, -20 to -70 °C as supplied.
  • 1 month, 2 to 8 °C under sterile conditions after reconstitution.
  • 6 months, -20 to -70 °C under sterile conditions after reconstitution.

Background: IL-1 alpha/IL-1F1

Interleukin 1 (IL-1) is a name that designates two proteins, IL-1 alpha and IL-1 beta, which are the products of distinct genes, but which show approximately 25% amino acid sequence identity and which recognize the same cell surface receptors. Although IL-1 production is generally considered to be a consequence of inflammation, recent evidence suggests that IL-1 is also temporarily upregulated during bone formation and the menstrual cycle and can be induced in response to nervous system stimulation. In response to classic stimuli produced by inflammatory agents, infections or microbial endotoxins, a dramatic increase in the production of IL-1 by macrophages and various other cells is seen. Cells in particular known to produce IL-1 include osteoblasts, monocytes, macrophages, keratinocytes, Kupffer cells, hepatocytes, thymic and salivary gland epithelium, Schwann cells, fibroblasts, and glia (oligodendroglia, astrocytes and microglia).

IL-1 alpha and IL-1 beta are both synthesized as 31 kDa precursors that are subsequently cleaved into proteins with molecular weights of approximately 17,000 Da. Neither precursor contains a typical hydrophobic signal peptide sequence and most of the precursor form of IL-1 alpha remains in the cytosol of cells, although there is evidence for a membrane-bound form of the precursor form of IL-1 alpha. The IL-1 alpha precursor reportedly shows full biological activity in the EL-4 assay. Among various species, the amino acid sequence of mature IL-1 alpha is conserved 60% to 70% and human IL-1 has been found to be biologically active on murine cell lines. Both forms of IL-1 bind to the same receptors, designated type I and type II. Evidence suggests that only the type I receptor is capable of signal transduction and that the type II receptor may function as a decoy, binding IL-1 and thus preventing binding of IL-1 to the type I receptor.

Long Name
Interleukin 1 alpha
Entrez Gene IDs
3552 (Human); 16175 (Mouse); 24493 (Rat); 397094 (Porcine)
Alternate Names
BAF; Hematopoietin-1; IL1 alpha; IL-1 alpha; IL1; IL1A; IL-1A; IL1-ALPHA; IL1F1; IL-1F1; IL1F1hematopoietin-1; interleukin 1, alpha; interleukin-1 alpha; LAF; LEM; preinterleukin 1 alpha; pro-interleukin-1-alpha

Product Datasheets

Citation for Human IL-1 alpha /IL-1F1 Propeptide Antibody

R&D Systems personnel manually curate a database that contains references using R&D Systems products. The data collected includes not only links to publications in PubMed, but also provides information about sample types, species, and experimental conditions.

1 Citation: Showing 1 - 1

  1. Redox control of the senescence regulator interleukin-1alpha and the secretory phenotype.
    Authors: McCarthy D, Clark R, Bartling T, Trebak M, Melendez J
    J Biol Chem, 2013;288(45):32149-59.
    Species: Human
    Sample Types: Cell Lysates
    Applications: Western Blot

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