Human IL-1 alpha /IL-1F1 Propeptide Antibody

(1 citations)   
  • Species Reactivity
    Human
  • Specificity
    Detects human IL-1 alpha /IL-1F1 propeptide in direct ELISAs and Western blots. In direct ELISAs and Western blots, less than 1% cross-reactivity with mature recombinant human IL-1 alpha /IL-1F1 is observed.
  • Source
    Polyclonal Sheep IgG
  • Purification
    Antigen Affinity-purified
  • Immunogen
    E. coli-derived recombinant human IL-1 alpha /IL-1F1
    Ala2-Arg112
    Accession # P01583
  • Formulation
    Lyophilized from a 0.2 μm filtered solution in PBS with Trehalose. *Small pack size (SP) is supplied as a 0.2 µm filtered solution in PBS.
  • Label
    Unconjugated
Applications
  •  
    Recommended
    Concentration
    Sample
  • Western Blot
    0.1 µg/mL
    Recombinant Human IL‑1 alpha /IL‑1F1 (Catalog # 200-LA)
  • CyTOF-ready
    Ready to be labeled using established conjugation methods. No BSA or other carrier proteins that could interfere with conjugation.
  • Intracellular Staining by Flow Cytometry
    2.5 µg/106 cells
    See below
Please Note: Optimal dilutions should be determined by each laboratory for each application. General Protocols are available in the Technical Information section on our website.
Data Examples
Intracellular Staining by Flow Cytometry
Detection of IL‑1 alpha /IL‑1F1 propeptide in LPS-treated Human PBMCs by Flow Cytometry. Human peripheral blood mononuclear cells were treated for 6 hours with 1 μg/mL LPS then stained with Human IL‑1 alpha /IL‑1F1 Propeptide Antigen Affinity‑purified Polyclonal Antibody (Catalog # AF4154, filled histogram) or control antibody (Catalog # 5-001-A, open histogram), followed by NorthernLights™ 557-conjugated Anti-Sheep IgG Secondary Antibody (Catalog # NL010) To facilitate intracellular staining, cells were fixed with paraformaldehyde and permeabilized with saponin.
Preparation and Storage
  • Reconstitution
    Reconstitute at 0.2 mg/mL in sterile PBS.
  • Shipping
    The product is shipped at ambient temperature. Upon receipt, store it immediately at the temperature recommended below. *Small pack size (SP) is shipped with polar packs. Upon receipt, store it immediately at -20 to -70 °C
  • Stability & Storage
    Use a manual defrost freezer and avoid repeated freeze-thaw cycles.
    • 12 months from date of receipt, -20 to -70 °C as supplied.
    • 1 month, 2 to 8 °C under sterile conditions after reconstitution.
    • 6 months, -20 to -70 °C under sterile conditions after reconstitution.
Background: IL-1 alpha/IL-1F1

Interleukin 1 (IL-1) is a name that designates two proteins, IL-1 alpha and IL-1 beta, which are the products of distinct genes, but which show approximately 25% amino acid sequence identity and which recognize the same cell surface receptors. Although IL-1 production is generally considered to be a consequence of inflammation, recent evidence suggests that IL-1 is also temporarily upregulated during bone formation and the menstrual cycle and can be induced in response to nervous system stimulation. In response to classic stimuli produced by inflammatory agents, infections or microbial endotoxins, a dramatic increase in the production of IL-1 by macrophages and various other cells is seen. Cells in particular known to produce IL-1 include osteoblasts, monocytes, macrophages, keratinocytes, Kupffer cells, hepatocytes, thymic and salivary gland epithelium, Schwann cells, fibroblasts, and glia (oligodendroglia, astrocytes and microglia).

IL-1 alpha and IL-1 beta are both synthesized as 31 kDa precursors that are subsequently cleaved into proteins with molecular weights of approximately 17,000 Da. Neither precursor contains a typical hydrophobic signal peptide sequence and most of the precursor form of IL-1 alpha remains in the cytosol of cells, although there is evidence for a membrane-bound form of the precursor form of IL-1 alpha. The IL-1 alpha precursor reportedly shows full biological activity in the EL-4 assay. Among various species, the amino acid sequence of mature IL-1 alpha is conserved 60% to 70% and human IL-1 has been found to be biologically active on murine cell lines. Both forms of IL-1 bind to the same receptors, designated type I and type II. Evidence suggests that only the type I receptor is capable of signal transduction and that the type II receptor may function as a decoy, binding IL-1 and thus preventing binding of IL-1 to the type I receptor.

  • Long Name:
    Interleukin 1 alpha
  • Entrez Gene IDs:
    3552 (Human); 16175 (Mouse); 24493 (Rat); 397094 (Porcine)
  • Alternate Names:
    Hematopoietin-1; IL1 alpha; IL-1 alpha; IL1; IL1A; IL-1A; IL1-ALPHA; IL-1F1; IL1F1hematopoietin-1; interleukin 1, alpha; interleukin-1 alpha; preinterleukin 1 alpha; pro-interleukin-1-alpha
Related Research Areas
Citations:

R&D Systems personnel manually curate a database that contains references using R&D Systems products. The data collected includes not only links to publications in PubMed, but also provides information about sample types, species, and experimental conditions.

1 Citations: Showing 1 - 1

  1. Redox control of the senescence regulator interleukin-1alpha and the secretory phenotype.
    Authors: McCarthy D, Clark R, Bartling T, Trebak M, Melendez J
    J Biol Chem, 2013;288(45):32149-59.
    Species: Human
    Sample Type: Cell Lysates
    Application: WB
Isotype Controls
Description Application Cat# Citations Images  

Normal Sheep IgG Control

Ctrl 5-001-A 9
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Secondary Antibodies
Description Application Cat# Citations Images  

Sheep IgG HRP-conjugated Antibody

WB, Simple Western HAF016 14  
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Donkey Anti-Sheep IgG NorthernLights™ NL557-conjugated Antibody

Flow, IHC, ICC NL010 3
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Donkey Anti-Sheep IgG NorthernLights™ NL637-conjugated Antibody

Flow, IHC, ICC NL011 5
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Donkey Anti-Sheep IgG NorthernLights™ NL493-conjugated Antibody

Flow, IHC, ICC NL012 2
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Sheep IgG (H+L) PE-conjugated Antibody

Flow F0126  
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Donkey Anti-Sheep IgG Biotinylated Antibody

WB BAF016 2
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Sheep IgG (H+L) APC-conjugated Antibody

Flow F0127  
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Sheep IgG VisUCyte HRP Polymer Antibody

IHC VC006  
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Donkey Anti-Sheep IgG (H+L) Fluorescein-conjugated Antibody

Flow F0125 1
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Donkey Anti-Sheep IgG (H+L) PerCP-conjugated Antibody

Flow F0128
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