Human/Mouse/Rat PKC iota / lambda / zeta Antibody

  
  • Species Reactivity
    Human, Mouse, Rat
  • Specificity
    Detects human, mouse and rat PKC iota / lambda / zeta in Western blots.
  • Source
    Polyclonal Sheep IgG
  • Purification
    Antigen Affinity-purified
  • Immunogen
    E. coli-derived recombinant human PKC iota
    Ile455-Val596
    Accession # P41743
  • Formulation
    Lyophilized from a 0.2 μm filtered solution in PBS with Trehalose. *Small pack size (SP) is supplied as a 0.2 µm filtered solution in PBS.
  • Label
    Unconjugated
Applications
  •  
    Recommended
    Concentration
    Sample
  • Western Blot
    1 µg/mL
    See below
  • Immunohistochemistry
    5-15 µg/mL
    See below
Please Note: Optimal dilutions should be determined by each laboratory for each application. General Protocols are available in the Technical Information section on our website.
Data Examples
Immunohistochemistry
PKC iota / lambda / zeta in Human Pancreas. PKC iota / lambda / zeta was detected in immersion fixed paraffin-embedded sections of human pancreas using Sheep Anti-Human/Mouse/Rat PKC iota / lambda / zeta  Cross-reactive Antigen Affinity-purified Polyclonal Antibody (Catalog # AF4465) at 15 µg/mL overnight at
4 °C. Tissue was stained using the Anti-Sheep HRP-DAB Cell & Tissue Staining Kit (brown; Catalog # CTS019) and counterstained with hematoxylin (blue). View our protocol for Chromogenic IHC Staining of Paraffin-embedded Tissue Sections.This application has not been tested in mouse or rat samples.
Detection of Human, Mouse, and Rat PKC iota / lambda / zeta by Western Blot. Western blot shows lysates of A431 human epithelial carcinoma cell line, DU145 human prostate carcinoma cell line, Balb/3T3 mouse embryonic fibroblast cell line, and PC-12 rat adrenal pheochromocytoma cell line. PVDF membrane was probed with 1 µg/mL Sheep Anti-Human/Mouse/Rat PKC iota / lambda / zeta Cross-reactive Antigen Affinity-purified Polyclonal Antibody (Catalog # AF4465) followed by HRP-conjugated Anti-Sheep IgG Secondary Antibody (Catalog # HAF016). For additional reference, recombinant human PKC iota, PKC lambda, and PKC zeta  (2 ng/lane) were included. Specific bands were detected at approximately 22 kDa for recombinant PKC iota / lambda  and ~80 kDa for natural PKC iota / lambda  (as indicated). This experiment was conducted under reducing conditions and using Immunoblot Buffer Group 1.
Preparation and Storage
  • Reconstitution
    Reconstitute at 0.2 mg/mL in sterile PBS.
  • Shipping
    The product is shipped at ambient temperature. Upon receipt, store it immediately at the temperature recommended below. *Small pack size (SP) is shipped with polar packs. Upon receipt, store it immediately at -20 to -70 °C
  • Stability & Storage
    Use a manual defrost freezer and avoid repeated freeze-thaw cycles.
    • 12 months from date of receipt, -20 to -70 °C as supplied.
    • 1 month, 2 to 8 °C under sterile conditions after reconstitution.
    • 6 months, -20 to -70 °C under sterile conditions after reconstitution.
Background: PKC iota/lambda/zeta
Members of the Protein Kinase C (PKC) family are serine/threonine protein kinases that play a key regulatory role in a number of cellular functions including cell growth and differentiation, hormone secretion, and gene expression. Multiple genes and alternative splicing result in three subfamilies, which differ in their co‑factor requirements: conventional PKC isoforms ( alpha, beta Ι, beta ΙΙ, and gamma ) which require calcium and phosphatidylserine (PS), diacylglycerol (DAG) or phorbol esters for activation; novel isoforms (δ, epsilon, eta, and theta ), which are calcium-independent but are still regulated by PS, DAG, or phorbol esters; and atypical isoforms ( iota, lambda, and zeta ), which are calcium-independent and do not require PS, DAG, or phorbol esters for activation. PKC iota has 72% overall identity to PKC zeta. Atypical PKCs have been shown to serve as a convergent downstream target for the PI 3-kinase and TC10 signaling pathways. Stimulation of atypical PKCs by TNF-alpha has been shown to be required for
NF‑ kappa B activation. Furthermore, insulin-stimulated atypical PKC activation has been directly implicated in the translocation of GLUT4 and glucose uptake in adipocytes.
  • Long Name:
    Protein Kinase C iota/lambda/zeta
  • Alternate Names:
    PKC iota/lambda/zeta
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