Measured by its ability to neutralize IL‑2-induced proliferation in the CTLL‑2 mouse cytotoxic T cell line. Gearing, A.J.H. and C.B. Bird (1987) in Lymphokines and Interferons, A Practical Approach. Clemens, M.J. et al. (eds): IRL Press. 276. The Neutralization Dose (ND50) is typically 0.15-0.75 µg/mL in the presence of 2 ng/mL Recombinant Rat IL‑2.
Please Note: Optimal dilutions should be determined by each laboratory for each application. General Protocols are available in the Technical Information section on our website.
Detection of Human IL‑2 by Western Blot. Western blot shows lysates of monensin treated human peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) with no additional treatment (‑) or additionally treated (+) with 0.5 ug/mL calcium ionomycin (Iono) and 50 ng/mL PMA overnight. PVDF membrane was probed with 2 µg/mL of Goat Anti-Human/Rat IL‑2 Antigen Affinity-purified Polyclonal Antibody (Catalog # AF-502-NA) followed by HRP-conjugated Anti-Goat IgG Secondary Antibody (Catalog # HAF017). A specific band was detected for IL‑2 at approximately 14 kDa (as indicated). This experiment was conducted under reducing conditions and using Immunoblot Buffer Group 1.
IL‑2 in Rat Splenocytes. IL‑2 was detected in immersion fixed rat splenocytes stimulated with calcium ionomycin and PMA using Goat Anti-Human/Rat IL‑2 Antigen Affinity-purified Polyclonal Antibody (Catalog # AF-502-NA) at 5 µg/mL for 3 hours at room temperature. Cells were stained using the NorthernLights™ 557-conjugated Anti-Goat IgG Secondary Antibody (red; Catalog # NL001) and counterstained with DAPI (blue). Specific staining was localized to cytoplasm. View our protocol for Fluorescent ICC Staining of Non-adherent Cells.
IL‑2 in Rat Spleen. IL‑2 was detected in immersion fixed frozen sections of rat spleen using Goat Anti-Human/Rat IL‑2 Antigen Affinity-purified Polyclonal Antibody (Catalog # AF-502-NA) at 5 µg/mL overnight at 4 °C. Tissue was stained using the Anti-Goat HRP-DAB Cell & Tissue Staining Kit (brown; Catalog # CTS008) and counterstained with hematoxylin (blue). Specific staining was localized to cytoplasm in lymphocytes. View our protocol for Chromogenic IHC Staining of Frozen Tissue Sections.
Cell Proliferation Induced by IL‑2 and Neutralization by Rat IL‑2 Antibody. Recombinant Rat IL‑2 (Catalog # 502-RL) stimulates proliferation in the CTLL‑2 mouse cytotoxic T cell line in a dose-dependent manner (orange line). Proliferation elicited by Recombinant Rat IL‑2 (2 ng/mL) is neutralized (green line) by increasing concentrations of Goat Anti-Human/Rat IL‑2 Antigen Affinity-purified Polyclonal Antibody (Catalog # AF-502-NA). The ND50 is typically 0.15‑0.75 µg/mL.
Preparation and Storage
Reconstitute at 0.2 mg/mL in sterile PBS.
The product is shipped at ambient temperature. Upon receipt, store it immediately at the temperature recommended below. *Small pack size (SP) is shipped with polar packs. Upon receipt, store it immediately at -20 to -70 °C
Stability & Storage
Use a manual defrost freezer and avoid repeated freeze-thaw cycles.
12 months from date of receipt, -20 to -70 °C as supplied.
1 month, 2 to 8 °C under sterile conditions after reconstitution.
6 months, -20 to -70 °C under sterile conditions after reconstitution.
Interleukin-2 (IL-2) is a O-glycosylated four alpha -helix bundle cytokine that has potent stimulatory activity for antigen-activated T cells. It is expressed by CD4+ and CD8+ T cells, gamma δ T cells, B cells, dendritic cells, and eosinophils (1-3). Mature rat IL-2 shares 66% and 73% amino acid sequence identity with human and mouse IL-2, respectively. The receptor for IL-2 consists of three subunits that are present on the cell surface in varying preformed complexes (4-6). The 55 kDa IL-2 R alpha is specific for IL-2 and binds with low affinity. The 75 kDa IL-2 R beta, which is also a component of the IL-15 receptor, binds IL-2 with intermediate affinity. The 64 kDa common gamma chain gamma c/IL-2 R gamma, which is shared with the receptors for IL-4, -7, -9, -15, and -21, does not independently interact with IL-2. Upon ligand binding, signal transduction is performed by both IL-2 R beta and gamma c. IL-2 is best known for its autocrine and paracrine activity on T cells. It drives resting T cells to proliferate and induces IL-2 and IL-2 R alpha synthesis (1, 2). It contributes to T cell homeostasis by promoting the Fas-induced death of naïve CD4+ T cells but not activated CD4+ memory lymphocytes (7). IL-2 plays a central role in the expansion and maintenance of regulatory T cells, although it inhibits the development of Th17 polarized cells (8-10). Thus, IL-2 may be a key cytokine in the natural suppression of autoimmunity (11, 12).
Ma, A. et al. (2006) Annu. Rev. Immunol. 24:657.
Gaffen, S.L. and K.D. Liu (2004) Cytokine 28:109.
McKnight, A. et al. (1989) Immunogenetics 30:145.
Liparoto, S.F. et al. (2002) Biochemistry 41:2543.
Wang, X. et al. (2005) Science 310:1159.
Bodnar, A. et al. (2008) Immunol. Lett. 116:117.
Jaleco, S. et al. (2003) J. Immunol. 171:61.
Malek, T.R. (2003) J. Leukoc. Biol. 74:961.
Laurence, A. et al. (2007) Immunity 26:371.
Kryczek, I. et al. (2007) J. Immunol. 178:6730.
Afzali, B. et al. (2007) Clin. Exp. Immunol. 148:32.
Fehervari, Z. et al. (2006) Trends Immunol. 27:109.
R&D Systems personnel manually curate a database that contains references using R&D Systems products.
The data collected includes not only links to publications in PubMed,
but also provides information about sample types, species, and experimental conditions.
Submit a review and receive a $25US/€18/£15/$25CAN amazon gift card if you include an image - $10US/€7/£6/$10CAN Amazon card for reviews without an image. Limited to verified customers in USA, Canada and Europe.
Read what people are saying who have used Human/Rat IL-2 Antibody.
ELISA plates were coated by incubating the diluted capture antibody (AF-502-NA in PBS at 1.6ug/mL) overnight at 4C. To detect the captured IL2 from the supernatants being tested, the detection antibody BAF502 was used at 400ng/mL followed by avidin-HRP. Specificity: Specific Sensitivity: Sensitive Buffer: Wash and blocking buffers Dilution: 1.6ug/mL