Chemotaxis Induced by CCL12/MCP‑5 and Neutralization by Mouse CCL12/|
Recombinant Mouse CCL12/MCP‑5 (Catalog # 428‑P5) chemoattracts the BaF3 mouse pro‑B cell line transfected with human CCR2A in a dose-dependent manner (orange line). The amount of cells that migrated through to the lower chemotaxis chamber was measured by Resazurin (Catalog # AR002). Chemotaxis elicited by Recombinant Mouse CCL12/
CCL12 is a cloned mouse CC chemokine most closely related to human MCP-1 (66% amino acid (aa) sequence identity in the mature protein). Mouse CCL12 encodes a 104 aa residue precursor protein with a 22 aa residue predicted hydrophobic signal sequence that is cleaved to generate a 82 aa residue mature protein. CCL12 is expressed constitutively in the thymus and lymph nodes. Under inflammatory conditions, CCL12 expression is also induced in activated macrophages and mast cells. The gene for mouse MCP-1 has been mapped to the CC chemokine cluster on chromosome 11. Recombinant CCL12 has been shown to be a potent chemoattractant for monocytes and lymphocytes but not neutrophils. At high concentrations, CCL12 will also chemoattract eosinophils. CCL12 has been found to be a functional ligand for CCR2 but not CCR1, CCR3, or CCR5.
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