|CXCL2/GRO beta /MIP‑2/CINC‑3 in Mouse Splenocytes. CXCL2/GRO beta /MIP‑2/CINC‑3 was detected in immersion fixed mouse splenocytes stimulated with LPS and monensin using Mouse CXCL2/GRO beta /MIP‑2/CINC‑3 Biotinylated Antigen Affinity-purified Polyclonal Antibody (Catalog # BAF452) at 10 µg/mL for 3 hours at room temperature. Cells were stained using the NorthernLights™ 557-conjugated Streptavidin (red; Catalog # NL999) and counterstained with DAPI (blue). Specific staining was localized to cytoplasm. View our protocol for Fluorescent ICC Staining of Non-adherent Cells.|
|CXCL2/GRO beta /MIP‑2/CINC‑3 in Mouse Spleen. CXCL2/GRO beta /MIP‑2/CINC‑3 was detected in immersion fixed frozen sections of mouse spleen using Mouse CXCL2/GRO beta /MIP‑2/CINC‑3 Biotinylated Antigen Affinity-purified Polyclonal Antibody (Catalog # BAF452) at 15 µg/mL overnight at 4 °C. Tissue was stained using the Anti-Goat HRP-DAB Cell & Tissue Staining Kit (brown; Catalog # CTS008) and counterstained with hematoxylin (blue). View our protocol for Chromogenic IHC Staining of Frozen Tissue Sections.|
Macrophage Inflammatory Protein-2 (MIP-2) was originally identified as a heparin-binding protein secreted from a murine macrophage cell line in response to endotoxin stimulation. Based on its protein and DNA sequences, MIP-2 is a member of the alpha (C-X-C) subfamily of chemokines.
MIP-2 cDNA encodes a 100 amino acid residue precursor protein from which the amino-terminal 27 amino acid residues are cleaved to generate the mature MIP-2. The protein sequence of murine MIP-2 shows approximately 63% identity to that of murine KC, another murine alpha chemokine whose expression is induced by PDGF. In addition, the protein sequence of MIP-2 is also 60% identical to human GRO beta and GRO gamma. It has been suggested that mouse KC and MIP-2 are the homologs of the human GROs and rat CINCs.
Similarly to other alpha chemokines, murine MIP-2 is a potent neutrophil attractant and activator. MIP-2 and KC can bind the murine interleukin 8 type B receptor homologue with high affinity. The expression of MIP-2 was found to be associated with neutrophil influx in pulmonary inflammation and glomerulonephritis, suggesting that MIP-2 may contribute to the pathogenesis of inflammatory diseases.
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