Lyophilized from a 0.2 μm filtered solution in PBS with Trehalose. *Small pack size (SP) is supplied as a 0.2 µm filtered solution in PBS.
<0.10 EU per 1 μg of the antibody by the LAL method.
Ready to be labeled using established conjugation methods. No BSA or other carrier proteins that could interfere with conjugation.
Measured by its ability to neutralize IL‑1 beta /IL‑1F2-induced proliferation in the D10.G4.1 mouse helper T cell line. Symons, J.A. et al. (1987) in Lymphokines and Interferons, a Practical Approach. Clemens, M.J. et al. (eds): IRL Press. 272. The Neutralization Dose (ND50) is typically 3-18 ng/mL in the presence of 20 pg/mL Recombinant Canine IL‑1 beta /IL‑1F2.
Please Note: Optimal dilutions should be determined by each laboratory for each application. General Protocols are available in the Technical Information section on our website.
Cell Proliferation Induced by IL-1 beta /IL-1F2 and Neutralization by Canine IL‑1 beta /IL‑1F2 Antibody. Recombinant Canine IL-1 beta /IL-1F2 (Catalog # 3747-CL) stimulates proliferation in the the D10.G4.1 mouse helper T cell line in a dose-dependent manner (orange line), as measured by Resazurin (Catalog # AR002). Proliferation elicited by Recombinant Canine IL-1 beta /IL-1F2 (20 pg/mL) is neutralized (green line) by increasing concentrations of Sheep Anti-Canine IL-1 beta /IL-1F2 Antigen Affinity-purified Polyclonal Antibody (Catalog # AF37471). The ND50 is typically 3‑18 ng/mL.
Preparation and Storage
Reconstitute at 0.2 mg/mL in sterile PBS.
The product is shipped at ambient temperature. Upon receipt, store it immediately at the temperature recommended below. *Small pack size (SP) is shipped with polar packs. Upon receipt, store it immediately at -20 to -70 °C
Stability & Storage
Use a manual defrost freezer and avoid repeated freeze-thaw cycles.
12 months from date of receipt, -20 to -70 °C as supplied.
1 month, 2 to 8 °C under sterile conditions after reconstitution.
6 months, -20 to -70 °C under sterile conditions after reconstitution.
Background: IL-1 beta/IL-1F2
IL-1 is a name that designates two pleiotropic cytokines, IL-1 alpha (IL-1F1) and IL-1 beta (IL-1F2), which are the products of distinct genes. IL-1 alpha and IL-1 beta are structurally related polypeptides that share approximately 22% amino acid (aa) identity in dog. Both proteins are produced by a wide variety of cells in response to inflammatory agents, infections, or microbial endotoxins. While IL-1 alpha and IL-1 beta are regulated independently, they bind to the same receptor and exert identical biological effects. IL‑1 RI binds directly to IL-1 alpha or IL-1 beta and then associates with IL-1 R accessory protein (IL-1 R3/IL-1 R AcP) to form a high-affinity receptor complex that is competent for signal transduction. IL-1 RII has high affinity for IL-1 beta but functions as a decoy receptor and negative regulator of IL-1 beta activity. IL-1ra functions as a competitive antagonist by preventing IL-1 alpha and IL-1 beta from interacting with IL-1 RI (1 - 4). The canine IL-1 beta cDNA encodes a 266 aa precursor. A 114 aa propeptide is cleaved intracellularly by the cysteine protease IL-1 beta -converting enzyme (Caspase-1/ICE) to generate the active cytokine (5, 6). The 17 kDa mature canine IL-1 beta shares 68-78% aa sequence identity with cotton rat, equine, feline, human, mouse, porcine, rat, and rhesus macaque IL-1 beta.
Allan, S.M. et al. (2005) Nat. Rev. Immunol. 5:629.
Boraschi, D. and A. Tagliabue (2006) Vitam. Horm. 74:229.
Kornman, K.S. (2006) Am. J. Clin. Nutr. 83:475S.
Isoda, K. and F. Ohsuzu (2006) J. Atheroscler. Thromb. 13:21.
Accession # NP_001033060.
Martinon, F. and J. Tschopp (2007) Cell Death Differ. 14:10.
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