Cotton Rat CCL3/MIP-1 alpha Antibody

  
  • Species Reactivity
    Cotton Rat
  • Specificity
    Detects cotton rat CCL3/MIP‑1 alpha in direct ELISAs and Western blots. In direct ELISAs, approximately 50% cross-reactivity with recombinant mouse MIP-1 alpha is observed, 15% cross-reactivity with recombinant human (rh) MIP-1 alpha is observed, less than 10% cross-reactivity with rhMIP‑1 beta, rh6Ckine, and rhHCC-4 is observed.
  • Source
    Polyclonal Goat IgG
  • Purification
    Antigen Affinity-purified
  • Immunogen
    E. coli-derived recombinant cotton rat CCL3/MIP-1 alpha
    Ala24-Ala92
    Accession # AAL26704
  • Formulation
    Lyophilized from a 0.2 μm filtered solution in PBS with Trehalose. *Small pack size (SP) is supplied as a 0.2 µm filtered solution in PBS.
  • Endotoxin Level
    <0.10 EU per 1 μg of the antibody by the LAL method.
  • Label
    Unconjugated
Applications
  •  
    Recommended
    Concentration
    Sample
  • Western Blot
    0.1 µg/mL
    Recombinant Cotton Rat CCL3/MIP‑1 alpha (Catalog # 1061-RM)
  • Neutralization
    Measured by its ability to neutralize CCL3/MIP‑1 alpha -induced chemotaxis in the BaF3 mouse pro‑B cell line transfected with human CCR5. The Neutralization Dose (ND50) is typically 0.1-0.4 µg/mL in the presence of 10 ng/mL Recombinant Cotton Rat CCL3/MIP‑1 alpha.
Please Note: Optimal dilutions should be determined by each laboratory for each application. General Protocols are available in the Technical Information section on our website.
Data Examples
Chemotaxis Induced by CCL3/MIP‑1 alpha and Neutral­ization by Cotton Rat CCL3/MIP‑1 alpha  Antibody. Recombinant Cotton Rat CCL3/MIP‑1 alpha  (Catalog # 1061‑RM) chemoattracts the BaF3 mouse pro‑B cell line transfected with human CCR5 in a dose-dependent manner (orange line). The amount of cells that migrated through to the lower chemotaxis chamber was measured by Resazurin (Catalog # AR002). Chemotaxis elicited by Recombinant Cotton Rat CCL3/MIP‑1 alpha (10 ng/mL) is neutralized (green line) by increasing concentrations of Goat Anti-Cotton Rat CCL3/MIP‑1 alpha Antigen Affinity-purified Polyclonal Antibody (Catalog # AF1061). The ND50 is typically 0.1-0.4 µg/mL.
Preparation and Storage
  • Reconstitution
    Reconstitute at 0.2 mg/mL in sterile PBS.
  • Shipping
    The product is shipped at ambient temperature. Upon receipt, store it immediately at the temperature recommended below. *Small pack size (SP) is shipped with polar packs. Upon receipt, store it immediately at -20 to -70 °C
  • Stability & Storage
    Use a manual defrost freezer and avoid repeated freeze-thaw cycles.
    • 12 months from date of receipt, -20 to -70 °C as supplied.
    • 1 month, 2 to 8 °C under sterile conditions after reconstitution.
    • 6 months, -20 to -70 °C under sterile conditions after reconstitution.
Background: CCL3/MIP-1 alpha

MIP-1 alpha is a beta family (CC) chemokine and has been designated CCL3. MIP-1 alpha and MIP-1 beta, two closely related but distinct proteins, were originally purified from medium conditioned by a LPS-stimulated murine macrophage cell line. Cotton rat MIP-1 alpha cDNA encodes a 92 amino acid (aa) residue precursor protein with a 23 aa putative signal peptide. Mature cotton rat MIP-1 alpha shares approximately 70% amino acid identity with human MIP-1 alpha. MIP-1 alpha is expressed in a wide variety of cells, including lymphocytes, fibroblasts, and epithelial cells, as well as monocytes/macrophages.

MIP-1 alpha has been shown to play an important role in the recruitment of mononuclear cells. Additionally, MIP-1 alpha has been reported to have chemoattractant and adhesive effects on lymphocytes, preferentially promoting the chemotaxis of Th1 cells. MIP-1 alpha has also been shown to attract B cells, eosinophils, and dendritic cells. In addition, MIP-1 alpha augments cytolytic activity of NK cells (1). MIP-1 alpha has been identified as a stem cell inhibitory factor that can inhibit the proliferation of hematopoietic stem cells in vitro as well as in vivo. It has been demonstrated that MIP-1 alpha can bind the chemokine receptors CCR1 and CCR5 (2).

  • References:
    1. Robertson, M. (2002) J. Leukoc. Biol. 71:173.
    2. Zlotnik, A. et al. (2000) Immunity 12:121.
  • Entrez Gene IDs:
    6348 (Human); 20302 (Mouse); 25542 (Rat); 448787 (Canine)
  • Alternate Names:
    C-C motif chemokine 3; MIP1-(a); AI323804; CCL3; chemokine (C-C motif) ligand 3; G0S19-1; LD78a; LD78alpha; MIP1 alpha; MIP-1 alpha; Mip1a; MIP-1alpha; MIP1-alpha; Scya3
Related Research Areas
Isotype Controls
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Donkey Anti-Goat IgG NorthernLights™ NL493-conjugated Antibody

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Goat IgG (H+L) APC-conjugated Antibody

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Goat IgG Horseradish Peroxidase-conjugated Antibody

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Donkey Anti-Goat IgG Antibody

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Goat IgG VisUCyte HRP Polymer

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Goat IgG (H+L) Fluorescein-conjugated Antibody

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Donkey Anti-Goat IgG NorthernLights™ NL637-conjugated Antibody

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Chicken Anti-Goat IgG Biotinylated Antibody

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Rabbit Anti-Goat IgG (H+L) Affinity Purified PAb, X Absorbed

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Rabbit Anti-Goat IgG Biotinylated Antibody

WB BAF017
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Donkey Anti-Goat IgG (H+L) PerCP-conjugated Antibody

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