Detection of GFR alpha ‑2/GDNF R alpha ‑2 in HeLa Human Cell Line by Flow Cytometry. HeLa human cervical epithelial carcinoma cell line was stained with Mouse Anti-Human |
GFR alpha ‑2/GDNF R alpha ‑2 Monoclonal Antibody (Catalog # MAB6131, filled histogram) or isotype control antibody (Catalog # MAB002, open histogram), followed by Phycoerythrin-conjugated Anti-Mouse IgG Secondary Antibody (Catalog # F0102B). View our protocol for Staining Membrane-associated Proteins.
GFR alpha ‑2/GDNF R alpha ‑2 in SH‑SY5Y Human Cell Line. GFR alpha ‑2/GDNF R alpha ‑2 was detected in immersion fixed SH‑SY5Y human neuroblastoma cell line using Mouse Anti-Human GFR alpha ‑2/|
GDNF R alpha ‑2 Monoclonal Antibody (Catalog # MAB6131) at 8 µg/mL for 3 hours at room temperature. Cells were stained using the NorthernLights™ 557-conjugated Anti-Mouse IgG Secondary Antibody (red; Catalog # NL007) and counterstained with DAPI (blue). Specific staining was localized to cell membranes. View our protocol for Fluorescent ICC Staining of Cells on Coverslips.
Glial cell line-derived growth factor (GDNF), neurturin (NTN), persephin (PSP) and artemin, distant members of theTGF-beta superfamily, are neurotrophic factors for a variety of neuronal populations in the central and peripheral nervous systems. The bioactivities of GDNF and NTN are mediated through a receptor complex composed of the non ligand-binding signaling subunit (c-Ret receptor tyrosine kinase) and either of two ligand binding subunits (GDNF receptor alpha -1 [GFR alpha -1], also known as GDNF R alpha -1 or Trn R1, or GFR alpha -2, also known as GDNF R alpha -2 or Trn R2). GFR alpha -1 and -2 are members of a family of at least four cysteine-rich glycosyl-phosphatidylinositol (GPI)-linked cell surface proteins that share conserved placements of many of their cysteine residues. Binding of GDNF or NTN to membrane-associated GFR alpha -1 or GFR alpha -2 initiates the association with and activation of the Ret tyrosine kinase.
Human GFR alpha -2 cDNA encodes a 464 amino acid (aa) residue protein with a putative N-terminal 21 aa hydrophobic signal peptide. Like other GPI-linked proteins, human GFR alpha -2 has a C-terminal hydrophobic region which is preceded by a three aa (GPS) GPI-binding site. Human GFR alpha -2 shares 96.5% amino acid identity with mouse GFR alpha -2. The expression of the various GFR alpha s are differentially regulated in the central and peripheral nervous system, suggesting complementary roles for the GFR alpha s in mediating the activities of the GDNF family of neurotrophic factors.
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