Human IL-36 beta /IL-1F8 Antibody
Human IL-36 beta /IL-1F8 Antibody Summary
Accession # NP_775270
Please Note: Optimal dilutions should be determined by each laboratory for each application. General Protocols are available in the Technical Information section on our website.
Preparation and Storage
- 12 months from date of receipt, -20 to -70 °C as supplied.
- 1 month, 2 to 8 °C under sterile conditions after reconstitution.
- 6 months, -20 to -70 °C under sterile conditions after reconstitution.
Background: IL-36 beta/IL-1F8
Human interleukin 1 family member #8 [IL-1F8; also named IL-36 beta FIL-1 eta (eta) and IL-1H2] is a member of the IL-1 family of proteins (1‑3, 6). IL-1 family members include IL‑1 beta, IL-1 alpha, IL-1ra, IL-18 and IL-1F5 through F10 (4). All family members show a 12 beta -stranded beta -trefoil configuration, and are believed to have arisen from a common ancestral gene that has undergone multiple duplications (4). Two alternatively spliced transcript variants encode distinct (164 or 157 residues) protein isoforms that differ in their C-terminal 70 amino acid (aa) residues have been reported (3). IL-36 beta isoform 2 is synthesized as a 157 aa protein that contains no signal sequence and no prosegment (1‑2). Unlike IL-36 beta isoform 1 which lacks potential N-linked glycosylation sites, isoform 2 contains one potential N-linked glycosylation site in its unique C-terminus. IL-36 beta is reported to be actively secreted (1). Human IL-36 beta isoform 2 shares 61% aa identity with mouse IL-1 ra, a 183 aa form of IL-36 beta. Within the IL-1 family, IL-36 beta shares 30%, 32%, 37%, 46%, 34%, 45% and 28% aa sequence identity with IL-1 ra, IL-1 beta, IL-36Ra, IL-36 alpha, F7, IL-36 gamma and F10, respectively. Cells reported to express IL-36 beta include resting and activated monocytes and B cells (1, 4). The receptor for IL-36 beta is reported to be a combination of IL-1 Rrp2 and IL-1 RAcP (5). Recombinant IL-36 beta, along with IL-36 alpha and IL-36 gamma, has been shown to activate the pathway involving NF-kappa B and MAPK in an IL-1 Rrp2 dependent manner.
- Smith, D.E. et al. (2000) J. Biol. Chem. 275:1169.
- Kumar, S. et al. (2000) J. Biol. Chem. 275:10308.
- Nicklin, M.J.H. et al. (2002) Genomics 79:718.
- Dunn, E. et al. (2001) Trends Immunol. 22:533.
- Towne, J.E. et al. (2004) J. Biol. Chem. 279:13677.
- Dinarello, C. et al. (2010) Nat. Immunol. 11:973.
Citations for Human IL-36 beta /IL-1F8 Antibody
R&D Systems personnel manually curate a database that contains references using R&D Systems products. The data collected includes not only links to publications in PubMed, but also provides information about sample types, species, and experimental conditions.
Citations: Showing 1 - 3
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Transcriptomic analysis reveals cell apoptotic signature modified by heparanase in melanoma cells
Authors: T Song, D Spillmann
J. Cell. Mol. Med., 2019-05-02;0(0):.
Sample Types: Cell Lysates
Applications: Western Blot
Interleukin-1 family cytokines and their regulatory proteins in normal pregnancy and pre-eclampsia.
Authors: Southcombe J, Redman C, Sargent I, Granne I
Clin Exp Immunol, 2015-06-29;181(3):480-90.
Sample Types: Tissue Homogenates
Applications: Western Blot
IL-1F5, -F6, -F8, and -F9: A Novel IL-1 Family Signaling System That Is Active in Psoriasis and Promotes Keratinocyte Antimicrobial Peptide Expression.
Authors: Johnston A, Xing X, Guzman AM, Riblett M, Loyd CM, Ward NL, Wohn C, Prens EP, Wang F, Maier LE, Kang S, Voorhees JJ, Elder JT, Gudjonsson JE
J. Immunol., 2011-01-17;186(4):2613-22.
Sample Types: Whole Tissue
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