Human Klotho beta DuoSet ELISA Summary
* Provided that the recommended microplates, buffers, diluents, substrates and solutions are used, and the assay is run as summarized in the Assay Procedure provided.
- Optimized capture and detection antibody pairings with recommended concentrations save lengthy development time
- Development protocols are provided to guide further assay optimization
- Assay can be customized to your specific needs
- Economical alternative to complete kits
- Capture Antibody
- Detection Antibody
- Recombinant Standard
- Streptavidin conjugated to horseradish-peroxidase (Streptavidin-HRP)
Other Reagents Required
PBS: (Catalog # DY006), or 137 mM NaCl, 2.7 mM KCl, 8.1 mM Na2HPO4, 1.5 mM KH2PO4, pH 7.2 - 7.4, 0.2 µm filtered
Wash Buffer: (Catalog # WA126), or equivalent
Substrate Solution: 1:1 mixture of Color Reagent A (H2O2) and Color Reagent B (Tetramethylbenzidine) (Catalog # DY999)
Stop Solution: 2 N H2SO4 (Catalog # DY994)
Microplates: R&D Systems (Catalog # DY990), or equivalent
Plate Sealers: ELISA Plate Sealers (Catalog # DY992), or equivalent
*For the Reagent Diluent and Blocking Buffer recommended for a specific DuoSet ELISA Development Kit, please see the product
Human Klotho beta ELISA Standard Curve
Preparation and Storage
Background: Klotho beta
The Klotho proteins, Klotho and Klotho beta (beta KL), are type I transmembrane glycoproteins with extracellular regions that contain two beta-glycosidase-like repeats. Klotho has both membrane-bound and soluble forms; the soluble form predominates and consists of only the first beta-glycosidase-like repeat. Klotho has beta-glucuronidase activity against select steroid beta-glucuronides, appears to regulate calcium and vitamin D levels in serum, and is associated with premature aging.
Klotho beta, a divergent structural member of the glycosidase I superfamily, is primarily expressed in the liver and pancreas, with lower expression in adipose tissue. Klotho beta mediates the interaction of FGF-15 (human FGF-19) with FGF Receptor 4 in the liver, which negatively regulates bile acid synthesis by controlling the secretion of two key bile acid synthase genes. Klotho beta is also a cofactor for the interaction of FGF-21 with FGF Receptor 1c in adipocytes. The expression pattern of Klotho beta suggests it may play a role in lipid metabolism.
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