|LRIG3 in Human Cervical Cancer Tissue. LRIG3 was detected in immersion fixed paraffin-embedded sections of human cervical cancer tissue using Goat Anti-Human LRIG3 Antigen Affinity-purified Polyclonal Antibody (Catalog # AF3495) at 3 µg/mL overnight at 4 °C. Tissue was stained using the Anti-Goat HRP-DAB Cell & Tissue Staining Kit (brown; Catalog # CTS008) and counterstained with hematoxylin (blue). Specific staining was localized to cytoplasm of cancer cells. View our protocol for Chromogenic IHC Staining of Paraffin-embedded Tissue Sections.|
LRIG3 (leucine-rich repeats and Ig-like domains-3) is a 140 kDa type I transmembrane glycoprotein member of the mammalian LRIG glycoprotein family. This family contains three members who share 45 - 50% amino acid (aa) identity (1). All members contain at least fifteen LRRs, accompanied by two flanking cysteine-rich regions, and three C2-type Ig-like domains in their extracellular domains (ECD) (1). LRIG3 mRNA is widely expressed, with highest levels in stomach, skin, thyroid and small intestine (1). Human LRIG3 is synthesized as a 1120 amino acid (aa) precursor. It contains a 24 aa signal sequence, a 786 aa ECD, a 21 aa transmembrane sequence, and a 289 aa intracellular region. One splice variant exists that has a 19 aa substitution for the first 79 aa of the standard (or long) form. This substitution appears to encode an alternate signal sequence, resulting in a mature protein that lacks the first and part of the second LRR. LRIG1, a related family member, is known to bind the EGF family receptors ErbB1-4, via either its LRR or Ig-like domains. It also binds the ubiquitin ligase, c-Cbl, and promotes ubiquitination, internalization and destruction of these receptors (2, 3). It is not known whether LRIG3 performs similar functions. Within the cell, LRIG3 is expressed in the perinuclear region as well as on the cell surface. Perinuclear location of LRIG3 in grade III and IV astrocytic tumors has been associated with better patient survival (4). Human LRIG3 ECD shows 91%, 92%, 95% and 98% aa identity with mouse, rat, bovine and canine LRIG3 ECD, respectively.
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