Detection of Human Phospho-Ret (Y905) by Western Blot. Western blot shows lysates of MDA‑MB‑468 human breast cancer cell line untreated (-) or treated (+) with 100 μM pervanadate (PV) for 10 minutes. PVDF membrane was probed with 0.5 µg/mL of Human Phospho-Ret (Y905) Antigen Affinity-purified Polyclonal Antibody (Catalog # AF3269), followed by HRP-conjugated Anti-Rabbit IgG Secondary Antibody (Catalog # HAF008). A specific band was detected for Phospho‑Ret (Y905) at approximately 175 kDa (as indicated). This experiment was conducted under reducing conditions and using Immunoblot Buffer Group 1.
Preparation and Storage
Reconstitute at 0.2 mg/mL in sterile PBS.
The product is shipped at ambient temperature. Upon receipt, store it immediately at the temperature recommended below. *Small pack size (SP) is shipped with polar packs. Upon receipt, store it immediately at -20 to -70 °C
Stability & Storage
Use a manual defrost freezer and avoid repeated freeze-thaw cycles.
12 months from date of receipt, -20 to -70 °C as supplied.
1 month, 2 to 8 °C under sterile conditions after reconstitution.
6 months, -20 to -70 °C under sterile conditions after reconstitution.
The GDNF family of neurotrophic factors forms a subfamily within the TGF-beta superfamily. These proteins are potent survival factors for various central and peripheral neurons during development and the adult animal. The GDNF family members (GDNF, neurturin, artemin and persephin) signal through multicomponent receptors that consist of the Ret receptor tyrosine kinase and one of four glycosyl-phosphatidylinositol (GPI)-linked ligand-binding subunits (GFR alpha -1 - 4). GFR alpha ‑1, ‑2, ‑3, and -4 are the preferred ligand-binding subunits for GDNF, neurturin, artemin and persephin, respectively. The Ret tyrosine-kinase receptor is encoded by the c-ret proto-oncogene. Mutations of the ret gene have been associated with various human diseases affecting tissues derived from the neural crest, including Hirschsprung’s disease, multiple endocrine neoplasia MEN2A and MEN2B, and familial medullary thyroid carcinoma. Human and mouse Ret share 83% amino acid sequence homology (77% homology in the extracellular domain and 93% homology in the cytoplasmic domain). Although Ret does not bind GDNF ligands directly, the extracellular domain of Ret binds the GDNF-GFR-alpha complex with high affinity and is a potent GDNF antagonist in the presence of soluble GFR-alpha (1 - 4).
Trupp, M. et al. (1998) Mol. Cell. Neurosci. 11:47.
Enokido, Y. et al. (1998) Curr. Biol. 8:1019.
Carlomagno, F. et al. (1998) Endocrinology 139:3613.
Baloh, R. et al. (1998) Neuron 21:1291.
Proto-oncogene Tyrosine-protein Kinase Receptor Ret
Entrez Gene IDs:
5979 (Human); 19713 (Mouse)
CDHF12MTC1; CDHR16; EC 2.7.10; Hirschsprung disease 1; Hirschsprung disease); MEN2A; MEN2B; multiple endocrine neoplasia and medullary thyroid carcinoma 1; ret proto-oncogene; RET transforming sequence
R&D Systems personnel manually curate a database that contains references using R&D Systems products.
The data collected includes not only links to publications in PubMed,
but also provides information about sample types, species, and experimental conditions.
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