|Detection of Human sFRP‑4 by Western Blot. Western blot shows lysates of OVCAR‑3 human ovarian carcinoma cell line, human ovarian cancer tissue, and MCF‑7 human breast cancer cell line. PVDF membrane was probed with 2 µg/mL of Goat Anti-Human sFRP‑4 Antigen Affinity-purified Polyclonal Antibody (Catalog # AF1827) followed by HRP-conjugated Anti-Goat IgG Secondary Antibody (Catalog # HAF019). A specific band was detected for sFRP‑4 at approximately 53-55 kDa (as indicated). This experiment was conducted under reducing conditions and using Immunoblot Buffer Group 8.|
sFRP-4, also known as DDC-4, Frp, FRPHE and Secreted Frizzled Related Protein 4, is a 50-55 kDa glycoprotein expressed in brain, kidney, lung, ovary, prostate, mammary gland, and endometrium (1, 2). This protein shows complex functions with respect to cell survival: it is up‑regulated with apoptosis during ovulation (3), regulates apoptosis in chondrocytes (4), and promotes apoptosis in mammary glands when expressed in transgenic mice (5). On the other hand, sFRP-4 can also act to enhance growth as it is up‑regulated in endometrial and breast carcinomas (6, 7). Since it is not detected in other carcinomas such as the ovary, colon, and pancreas, this suggest that its role in cancer is likely to be tissue dependent (6). In addition sFRP-4 is characterized as a circulating phosphaturic factor expressed by tumors associated with osteomalacia that antagonizes renal Wnt signaling (7). Of all the secreted frizzled related proteins, sFRP-4 is most closely related to sFRP-3 (1). Mouse and human sFRP-4 proteins share 92% aa identity.
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