Mouse PILR-alpha Antibody

Catalog # Availability Size / Price Qty
AF4318
AF4318-SP
Detection of PILR‑ alpha  in J774A.1 Mouse Cell Line by Flow Cytometry.
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Mouse PILR-alpha Antibody Summary

Species Reactivity
Mouse
Specificity
Detects mouse PILR-alpha in direct ELISAs and Western blots. In Western blots, approximately 20% cross-reactivity with recombinant mouse PILR-beta is observed and 5% cross-reactivity with recombinant human PILR-alpha is observed.
Source
Polyclonal Goat IgG
Purification
Antigen Affinity-purified
Immunogen
Mouse myeloma cell line NS0-derived recombinant mouse PILR-alpha isoform 1 (R&D Systems, Catalog # 4318-PR)
Leu21-Val197
Accession # Q2YFS3
Formulation
Lyophilized from a 0.2 μm filtered solution in PBS with Trehalose. *Small pack size (SP) is supplied either lyophilized or as a 0.2 µm filtered solution in PBS.

Applications

Recommended Concentration
Sample
Western Blot
0.1 µg/mL
Recombinant Mouse PILR-alpha (Catalog # 4318-PR)
Flow Cytometry
2.5 µg/106 cells
See below
CyTOF-ready
Ready to be labeled using established conjugation methods. No BSA or other carrier proteins that could interfere with conjugation.
 

Please Note: Optimal dilutions should be determined by each laboratory for each application. General Protocols are available in the Technical Information section on our website.

Scientific Data

Flow Cytometry Detection of PILR-a antibody in J774A.1 Mouse Cell Line antibody by Flow Cytometry. View Larger

Detection of PILR‑ alpha in J774A.1 Mouse Cell Line by Flow Cytometry. J774A.1 mouse reticulum cell sarcoma macrophage cell line was stained with Goat Anti-Mouse PILR-a Antigen Affinity-purified Polyclonal Antibody (Catalog # AF4318, filled histogram) or control antibody (Catalog # AB-108-C, open histogram), followed by Phycoerythrin-conjugated Anti-Goat IgG Secondary Antibody (Catalog # F0107).

Reconstitution Calculator

Reconstitution Calculator

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Preparation and Storage

Reconstitution
Reconstitute at 0.2 mg/mL in sterile PBS.
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Shipping
The product is shipped at ambient temperature. Upon receipt, store it immediately at the temperature recommended below. *Small pack size (SP) is shipped with polar packs. Upon receipt, store it immediately at -20 to -70 °C
Stability & Storage
Use a manual defrost freezer and avoid repeated freeze-thaw cycles.
  • 12 months from date of receipt, -20 to -70 °C as supplied.
  • 1 month, 2 to 8 °C under sterile conditions after reconstitution.
  • 6 months, -20 to -70 °C under sterile conditions after reconstitution.

Background: PILR-alpha

PILR-alpha (paired immunoglobulin-like type 2 receptor-alpha; also namedFDF03) is one of two members of a small family of immunoregulatory Ig-superfamily receptors (1, 2). It is a counterpart to PILR-beta and it likely gave rise to PILR-beta through gene duplication and rearrangement (1). The PILRs represent one of many pairs of Ig-like domain-containing receptors that participate in immune regulation. PILR-alpha and -beta should not be confused with the similarly named PIRs (also paired immunoglobulin‑like receptors), or the functionally-related SIRP and ILT/LILR/CD85/LIR family of receptors (2). While PIRs, ILTs and SIRPs contain three to six Ig‑like domains in their extracellular region, PILR-alpha and -beta show only one Ig-like region in their extracellular domain (ECD) (1, 2). Mouse PILR-alpha is a monomeric, 271 amino acid (aa) type I transmembrane (TM) protein (3). It contains a 167 aa ECD, a 21 aa TM segment, and a long, 83 aa cytoplasmic region. The ECD shows one V‑type Ig-like domain between aa 39 - 157, while the cytoplasmic region contains two ITIMs (immunoreceptor Tyr-based inhibitory motifs) between aa 265-270 and 294‑299. Given that ITIMs are known to interact with phosphatases such as PTPN6 and PTPN11, the presence of these motifs makes mouse PILR-alpha an inhibitory receptor. In human, activation of PILR-alpha inhibits CD32/Fc gamma RII-induced calcium mobilization (3). Although CD99 is a known ligand for both PILR-alpha and -beta (4), highest affinity binding seems to occur between CD99 and PILR-alpha (4). Mouse PILR-alpha is found on neutrophils and macrophages (4). Mouse PILR-alpha ECD is 43% and 69% aa identical to human and rat PILR-alpha ECD, respectively; it is 75% aa identical to the ECD of mouse PILR-beta (3). One potential isoform of PILR-alpha has been reported. It varies only within the first 28 aa of the signal sequence (5).

References
  1. Wilson, M.D. et al. (2006) Physiol. Genomics 27:201.
  2. Lanier, L.L. (2001) Curr. Opin. Immunol. 13:326.
  3. Fournier, N. et al. (2000) J. Immunol. 165:1197.
  4. Shiratori, I. et al. (2004) J. Exp. Med. 199:525.
  5. SwissProt # Q2YFS3.
Long Name
Paired-Ig-likeType 2 Receptor alpha
Entrez Gene IDs
29992 (Human); 231805 (Mouse); 288568 (Rat)
Alternate Names
Cell surface receptor FDF03; FDF03; inhibitory receptor PILRalpha; Inhibitory receptor PILR-alpha; paired immunoglobin-like receptor alpha; paired immunoglobin-like type 2 receptor alpha; paired immunoglobulin-like receptor alpha; paired immunoglobulin-like type 2 receptor alpha; PILRA; PILRalpha; PILR-alpha

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