Canine IL-4 Biotinylated Antibody

Catalog # Availability Size / Price Qty
BAF754
Product Details
Citations (7)
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Canine IL-4 Biotinylated Antibody Summary

Species Reactivity
Canine
Specificity
Detects canine IL-4 in Western blots. In this format, approximately 25% cross-reactivity with rhIL-4 is observed, 10% cross-reactivity with rpIL-4 is observed and less than 1% cross-reactivity with rmIL-4 and rrIL-4 is observed.
Source
Polyclonal Goat IgG
Purification
Antigen Affinity-purified
Immunogen
E. coli-derived recombinant canine IL-4 (R&D Systems, Catalog # 754-CL)
His25-His132
Accession # AAD11563
Formulation
Lyophilized from a 0.2 μm filtered solution in PBS with BSA as a carrier protein.
Label
Biotin

Applications

Recommended Concentration
Sample
Western Blot
0.1 µg/mL
Recombinant Canine IL‑4 (Catalog # 754-CL)

Please Note: Optimal dilutions should be determined by each laboratory for each application. General Protocols are available in the Technical Information section on our website.

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Preparation and Storage

Reconstitution
Reconstitute at 0.2 mg/mL in sterile PBS.
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Shipping
The product is shipped at ambient temperature. Upon receipt, store it immediately at the temperature recommended below.
Stability & Storage
Use a manual defrost freezer and avoid repeated freeze-thaw cycles.
  • 12 months from date of receipt, -20 to -70 °C as supplied.
  • 1 month, 2 to 8 °C under sterile conditions after reconstitution.
  • 6 months, -20 to -70 °C under sterile conditions after reconstitution.

Background: IL-4

Interleukin-4 (IL-4), also known as B cell-stimulatory factor-1, is a monomeric, approximately 13 kDa - 18 kDa Th2 cytokine that shows pleiotropic effects during immune responses (1 - 3). It is a glycosylated polypeptide that contains three intrachain disulfide bridges and adopts a bundled four alpha -helix structure (5). Canine IL-4 is synthesized with a 24 amino acid (aa) signal sequence. Mature canine IL-4 shares 81%, 61%, 46%, 38%, and 37% aa sequence identity with feline, bovine, human, mouse, and rat IL-4, respectively. IL-4 exerts its effects through two receptor complexes (6, 7). The type I receptor, which is expressed on hematopoietic cells, is a heterodimer of the ligand binding IL-4 R alpha and the common gamma chain (a shared subunit of the receptors for IL-2, -7, -9, -15, and -21). The type II receptor on non‑hematopoietic cells consists of IL-4 R alpha and IL-13 R alpha 1. The type II receptor also transduces IL-13 mediated signals. IL-4 is primarily expressed by Th2-biased CD4+ T cells, mast cells, basophils, and eosinophils (1, 2). It promotes cell proliferation, survival, and immunoglobulin class switch to IgE in B cells, acquisition of the Th2 phenotype by naïve CD4+ T cells, priming and chemotaxis of mast cells, eosinophils, and basophils, and the proliferation and activation of epithelial cells (8 - 11). IL-4 plays a dominant role in the development of allergic inflammation and asthma (10, 12).

References
  1. Benczik, M. and S.L. Gaffen (2004) Immunol. Invest. 33:109.
  2. Chomarat, P. and J. Banchereau (1998) Int. Rev. Immunol. 17:1.
  3. Khatlani, T. et al. (1999) J. Vet. Med. Sci. 61:967.
  4. van der Kaaij, S.Y. et al. (1999) Immunogenetics 49:142.
  5. Redfield, C. et al. (1991) Biochemistry 30:11029.
  6. Mueller, T.D. et al. (2002) Biochim. Biophys. Acta 1592:237.
  7. Nelms, K. et al. (1999) Annu. Rev. Immunol. 17:701.
  8. Paludan, S.R. (1998) Scand. J. Immunol. 48:459.
  9. Corthay, A. (2006) Scand. J. Immunol. 64:93.
  10. Ryan, J.J. et al. (2007) Crit. Rev. Immunol. 27:15.
  11. Grone, A. (2002) Vet. Immunol. Immunopathol. 88:1.
  12. Rosenberg, H.F. et al. (2007) J. Allergy Clin. Immunol. 119:1303.
Long Name
Interleukin 4
Entrez Gene IDs
3565 (Human); 16189 (Mouse); 287287 (Rat); 397225 (Porcine); 280824 (Bovine); 403785 (Canine); 574281 (Primate); 100302454 (Rabbit)
Alternate Names
B cell growth factor 1; BCDF; B-cell stimulatory factor 1; BCGF1; BCGF-1; binetrakin; BSF1; BSF-1; IL4; IL-4; IL-4B_cell stimulatory factor 1; IL4E12; interleukin 4; interleukin-4; Lymphocyte stimulatory factor 1; MGC79402; pitrakinra

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Citations for Canine IL-4 Biotinylated Antibody

R&D Systems personnel manually curate a database that contains references using R&D Systems products. The data collected includes not only links to publications in PubMed, but also provides information about sample types, species, and experimental conditions.

7 Citations: Showing 1 - 7
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  1. Impact of LbSapSal Vaccine in Canine Immunological and Parasitological Features before and after Leishmania chagasi-Challenge
    PLoS ONE, 2016-08-24;11(8):e0161169.
    Species: Canine
    Sample Types: Cell Culture Supernates
    Applications: ELISA Development (Detection)
  2. Recombinant Forms of Leishmania amazonensis Excreted/Secreted Promastigote Surface Antigen (PSA) Induce Protective Immune Responses in Dogs
    PLoS Negl Trop Dis, 2016-05-25;10(5):e0004614.
    Species: Canine
    Sample Types: Cell Culture Supernates
    Applications: ELISA Development (Detection)
  3. One-year timeline kinetics of cytokine-mediated cellular immunity in dogs vaccinated against visceral leishmaniasis.
    Authors: Costa-Pereira C, Moreira M, Soares R, Marteleto B, Ribeiro V, Franca-Dias M, Cardoso L, Viana K, Giunchetti R, Martins-Filho O, Araujo M
    BMC Vet Res, 2015-04-11;11(0):92.
    Species: Canine
    Sample Types: Cell Culture Supernates
    Applications: ELISA Development (Detection)
  4. Cytokine and nitric oxide patterns in dogs immunized with LBSap vaccine, before and after experimental challenge with Leishmania chagasi plus saliva of Lutzomyia longipalpis
    Authors: Lucilene Aparecida Resende, Bruno Mendes Roatt, Rodrigo Dian de Oliveira Aguiar-Soares, Kelvinson Fernandes Viana, Ludmila Zanandreis Mendonça, Mariana Ferreira Lanna et al.
    Veterinary Parasitology
  5. Long-lasting protection against canine visceral leishmaniasis using the LiESAp-MDP vaccine in endemic areas of France: double-blind randomised efficacy field trial.
    Authors: Lemesre JL, Holzmuller P, Goncalves RB, Bourdoiseau G, Hugnet C, Cavaleyra M, Papierok G
    Vaccine, 2007-03-15;25(21):4223-34.
    Species: Canine
    Sample Types: Cell Culture Supernates
    Applications: ELISA Development
  6. Vaccination with irradiated Ancylostoma caninum third stage larvae induces a Th2 protective response in dogs.
    Authors: Fujiwara RT, Loukas A, Mendez S, Williamson AL, Bueno LL, Wang Y, Samuel A, Zhan B, Bottazzi ME, Hotez PJ, Bethony JM
    Vaccine, 2005-08-15;24(4):501-9.
    Species: Canine
    Sample Types: Cell Culture Supernates
    Applications: ELISA Development
  7. Protection against experimental visceral leishmaniasis infection in dogs immunized with purified excreted secreted antigens of Leishmania infantum promastigotes.
    Authors: Lemesre JL, Holzmuller P, Cavaleyra M, Goncalves RB, Hottin G, Papierok G
    Vaccine, 2005-04-22;23(22):2825-40.
    Species: Canine
    Sample Types: Cell Culture Supernates
    Applications: ELISA Development

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