Canine IL-4 Antibody Summary
Accession # O77762
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Please Note: Optimal dilutions should be determined by each laboratory for each application. General Protocols are available in the Technical Information section on our website.
Cell Proliferation Induced by IL‑4 and Neutralization by Canine IL‑4 Antibody. Recombinant Canine IL‑4 (Catalog # 754-CL) stimulates proliferation in the TF‑1 human erythroleukemic cell line in a dose-dependent manner (orange line). Proliferation elicited by Recombinant Canine IL‑4 (50 ng/mL) is neutralized (green line) by increasing concentrations of Goat Anti-Canine IL‑4 Antigen Affinity-purified Polyclonal Antibody (Catalog # AF754). The ND50 is typically 2-8 µg/mL.
Preparation and Storage
- 12 months from date of receipt, -20 to -70 °C as supplied.
- 1 month, 2 to 8 °C under sterile conditions after reconstitution.
- 6 months, -20 to -70 °C under sterile conditions after reconstitution.
Interleukin-4 (IL-4), also known as B cell-stimulatory factor-1, is a monomeric, approximately 13 kDa‑18 kDa Th2 cytokine that shows pleiotropic effects during immune responses (1‑3). It is a glycosylated polypeptide that contains three intrachain disulfide bridges and adopts a bundled four alpha -helix structure (5). Canine IL-4 is synthesized with a 24 amino acid (aa) signal sequence. Mature canine IL-4 shares 81%, 61%, 46%, 38%, and 37% aa sequence identity with feline, bovine, human, mouse, and rat IL-4, respectively. IL-4 exerts its effects through two receptor complexes (6, 7). The type I receptor, which is expressed on hematopoietic cells, is a heterodimer of the ligand binding IL-4 R alpha and the common gamma chain (a shared subunit of the receptors for IL-2, -7, -9, -15, and -21). The type II receptor on non‑hematopoietic cells consists of IL-4 R alpha and IL-13 R alpha 1. The type II receptor also transduces IL-13 mediated signals. IL-4 is primarily expressed by Th2-biased CD4+ T cells, mast cells, basophils, and eosinophils (1, 2). It promotes cell proliferation, survival, and immunoglobulin class switch to IgE in B cells, acquisition of the Th2 phenotype by naïve CD4+ T cells, priming and chemotaxis of mast cells, eosinophils, and basophils, and the proliferation and activation of epithelial cells (8‑11). IL-4 plays a dominant role in the development of allergic inflammation and asthma (10, 12).
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- van der Kaaij, S.Y. et al. (1999) Immunogenetics 49:142.
- Redfield, C. et al. (1991) Biochemistry 30:11029.
- Mueller, T.D. et al. (2002) Biochim. Biophys. Acta 1592:237.
- Nelms, K. et al. (1999) Annu. Rev. Immunol. 17:701.
- Paludan, S.R. (1998) Scand. J. Immunol. 48:459.
- Corthay, A. (2006) Scand. J. Immunol. 64:93.
- Ryan, J.J. et al. (2007) Crit. Rev. Immunol. 27:15.
- Grone, A. (2002) Vet. Immunol. Immunopathol. 88:1.
- Rosenberg, H.F. et al. (2007) J. Allergy Clin. Immunol. 119:1303.
Citation for Canine IL-4 Antibody
R&D Systems personnel manually curate a database that contains references using R&D Systems products. The data collected includes not only links to publications in PubMed, but also provides information about sample types, species, and experimental conditions.
1 Citation: Showing 1 - 1
Evidence for regulated interleukin-4 expression in chondrocyte-scaffolds under in vitro inflammatory conditions.
Authors: Rai MF, Graeve T, Twardziok S, Schmidt MF
PLoS ONE, 2011;6(10):e25749.
Sample Types: Whole Cells
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