Cotton Rat CCL5/RANTES Antibody

Catalog # Availability Size / Price Qty
AF1010
AF1010-SP
Chemotaxis Induced by CCL5/RANTES and Neutralization by Cotton Rat CCL5/RANTES Antibody.
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Product Details
Citations (2)
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Cotton Rat CCL5/RANTES Antibody Summary

Species Reactivity
Cotton Rat
Specificity
Detects CCL5/RANTES in direct ELISAs and Western blots. In direct ELISAs, approximately 20% cross‑reactivity with recombinant human RANTES and recombinant mouse RANTES is observed.
Source
Polyclonal Goat IgG
Purification
Antigen Affinity-purified
Immunogen
E. coli-derived recombinant cotton rat CCL5/RANTES
Ser24-Lys91
Accession # AAL16932
Formulation
Lyophilized from a 0.2 μm filtered solution in PBS with Trehalose. *Small pack size (SP) is supplied as a 0.2 µm filtered solution in PBS.
Endotoxin Level
<0.10 EU per 1 μg of the antibody by the LAL method.
Label
Unconjugated

Applications

Recommended Concentration
Sample
Western Blot
0.1 µg/mL
Recombinant Cotton Rat CCL5/RANTES (Catalog # 1010-CR)
Neutralization
Measured by its ability to neutralize CCL5/RANTES-induced chemotaxis in the BaF3 mouse pro‑B cell line transfected with mouse CCR5. The Neutralization Dose (ND50) is typically 1-4 µg/mL in the presence of 0.2 µg/mL Recombinant Cotton Rat CCL5/RANTES.

Please Note: Optimal dilutions should be determined by each laboratory for each application. General Protocols are available in the Technical Information section on our website.

Data Example

Neutralization Chemotaxis Induced by CCL5/RANTES and Neutralization by Cotton Rat CCL5/RANTES Antibody. View Larger

Chemotaxis Induced by CCL5/RANTES and Neutralization by Cotton Rat CCL5/RANTES Antibody. Recombinant Cotton Rat CCL5/RANTES (Catalog # 1010-CR) chemoattracts the BaF3 mouse pro‑B cell line transfected with mouse CCR5 in a dose-dependent manner (orange line). The amount of cells that migrated through to the lower chemotaxis chamber was measured by Resazurin (Catalog # AR002). Chemotaxis elicited by Recombinant Cotton Rat CCL5/RANTES (0.2 µg/mL) is neutralized (green line) by increasing concentrations of Goat Anti-Cotton Rat CCL5/RANTES Antigen Affinity-purified Polyclonal Antibody (Catalog # AF1010). The ND50 is typically 1-4 µg/mL.

Reconstitution Calculator

Reconstitution Calculator

The reconstitution calculator allows you to quickly calculate the volume of a reagent to reconstitute your vial. Simply enter the mass of reagent and the target concentration and the calculator will determine the rest.

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Preparation and Storage

Reconstitution
Reconstitute at 0.2 mg/mL in sterile PBS.
Reconstitution Buffer Available
Reconstitution Buffer 1 (PBS)
Catalog #
Availability
Size / Price
Qty
RB01
Shipping
The product is shipped at ambient temperature. Upon receipt, store it immediately at the temperature recommended below. *Small pack size (SP) is shipped with polar packs. Upon receipt, store it immediately at -20 to -70 °C
Stability & Storage
Use a manual defrost freezer and avoid repeated freeze-thaw cycles.
  • 12 months from date of receipt, -20 to -70 °C as supplied.
  • 1 month, 2 to 8 °C under sterile conditions after reconstitution.
  • 6 months, -20 to -70 °C under sterile conditions after reconstitution.

Background: CCL5/RANTES

CCL5, also known as RANTES (Regulated upon Activation, Normal T cell Expressed and presumably Secreted), is an 8 kDa beta ‑chemokine that plays a primary role in the inflammatory immune response by means of its ability to attract and activate leukocytes (1‑3). Human and mouse RANTES exhibit cross-species activity on human and mouse cells (4). Mature cotton rat CCL5 shares 88% aa seqeuence identity with mouse and rat CCL5 and 71%‑77% with canine, feline, and human CCL5. CCL5 is secreted by many cell types at inflammatory sites, and it exerts a wide range of activities through the receptors CCR1, CCR3, CCR4, and CCR5 (5, 6). Inflammatory responses can be impaired by the sequestration of CCL5 by the cytomegalovirus protein US28 (7). In humans, CCR5 binding to CCL5 inhibits the infectivity of R5 (M-tropic) but not X4 (T-tropic) strains of HIV-1 (8). The two N-terminal residues of CCL5 can be removed by CD26/DPPIV, generating a protein that functions as a chemotaxis inhibitor and more effectively blocks M-tropic HIV-1 infection of monocytes (9). Oligomerization of CCL5 on glycosaminoglycans is required for CCR1-mediated leukocyte adhesion and activation as well as CCL5’s interaction with the chemokine CXCL4/PF4 (10‑12). The deposition of CCL5 on activated vascular endothelial cells is crucial for monocyte adhesion to damaged vasculature, but CCL5 oligomerization is not required for the extravasation of adherent leukocytes (13‑15). CCL5 is upregulated in breast cancer and promotes tumor progression through the attraction of proinflammatory macrophages in addition to its actions on tumor cells, stromal cells, and the vasculature (16).

References
  1. Schall, T.J. et al. (1990) Nature 347:669.
  2. Bacon, K.B. et al. (1995) Science 269:1727.
  3. Fischer, F.R. et al. (2001) J. Immunol. 167:1637.
  4. Schall, T.J. et al. (1992) Eur. J. Immunol. 22:1477.
  5. Appay, V. and S.L. Rowland-Jones (2001) Trends Immunol. 22:83.
  6. Levy, J.A. (2009) J. Immunol. 182:3945.
  7. Randolph-Habecker, J.R. et al. (2002) Cytokine 19:37.
  8. DeVico, A.L. and Gallo, R.C. (2004) Nat. Rev. Microbiol. 2:401.
  9. Proost, P. et al. (1998) J. Biol. Chem. 273:7222.
  10. Appay, V. et al. (1999) J. Biol. Chem. 274:27505.
  11. Proudfoot, A.E.I. et al. (2003) Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. 100:1885.
  12. von Hundelshausen, P. et al. (2005) Blood 105:924.
  13. von Hundelshausen, P. et al. (2001) Circulation 103:1772.
  14. Zernecke, A. et al. (2008) Arterioscler. Thromb. Vasc. Biol. 28:1897.
  15. Baltus, T. et al. (2003) Blood 102:1985.
  16. Soria, G. and A. Ben-Baruch (2008) Cancer Lett. 267:271.
Entrez Gene IDs
6352 (Human); 20304 (Mouse); 403522 (Canine); 493689 (Feline)
Alternate Names
CCL5; chemokine (C-C motif) ligand 5; D17S136Enormally T-expressed, and presumably secreted; EoCP; Eosinophil chemotactic cytokine; RANTES; SISd; SIS-delta; small inducible cytokine A5 (RANTES); small inducible cytokine subfamily A (Cys-Cys), member 5; Small-inducible cytokine A5; T cell-specific protein P228; T-cell specific protein p288; TCP228T-cell-specific protein RANTES

Product Datasheets

Citations for Cotton Rat CCL5/RANTES Antibody

R&D Systems personnel manually curate a database that contains references using R&D Systems products. The data collected includes not only links to publications in PubMed, but also provides information about sample types, species, and experimental conditions.

2 Citations: Showing 1 - 2
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  1. Spinal NF-kappaB and chemokine ligand 5 expression during spinal glial cell activation in a neuropathic pain model.
    Authors: Yin Q, Fan Q, Zhao Y, Cheng M, Liu H, Li J, Lu F, Jia J, Cheng W, Yan C
    PLoS ONE, 2015;10(1):e0115120.
    Species: Rat
    Sample Types: In Vivo
    Applications: Neutralization
  2. Elevated level of the proinflammatory chemokine, RANTES/CCL5, in the periaqueductal grey causes hyperalgesia in rats.
    Authors: Benamar K, Geller EB, Adler MW
    Eur. J. Pharmacol., 2008;592(1):93-5.
    Species: Rat
    Sample Types: In Vivo
    Applications: In vivo

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Secondary Antibodies

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