Detection of CMG‑2/ANTXR2 in Human Monocytes by Flow Cytometry.
Human whole blood monocytes were stained with Human CMG‑2/ANTXR2 Antigen Affinity‑purified Polyclonal Antibody (Catalog # AF2940, filled histogram) or control antibody (Catalog # AB-108-C, open histogram), followed by Phycoerythrin-conjugated Anti-Goat IgG Secondary Antibody (Catalog # F0107).
Preparation and Storage
Reconstitute at 0.2 mg/mL in sterile PBS.
Reconstitution Buffer Available
The product is shipped at ambient temperature. Upon receipt, store it immediately at the temperature recommended below. *Small pack size (SP) is shipped with polar packs. Upon receipt, store it immediately at -20 to -70 °C
Stability & Storage
Use a manual defrost freezer and avoid repeated freeze-thaw cycles.
12 months from date of receipt, -20 to -70 °C as supplied.
1 month, 2 to 8 °C under sterile conditions after reconstitution.
6 months, -20 to -70 °C under sterile conditions after reconstitution.
Capillary Morphogenesis Gene-2 (CMG-2) is a widely expressed anthrax toxin receptor (ATR) family protein (1‑3). CMG-2 is a 55 kDa type I transmembrane (TM) protein that contains a 33 amino acid (aa) signal sequence, a 284 aa extracellular domain (ECD), a 24 aa TM segment, and a 147 aa cytoplasmic domain. There are three additional isoforms. Isoforms 4 shows a 12 aa insertion in the cytoplasmic region; isoform 2 shows a 103 aa deletion in the ECD; and isoform 3 is a truncated, 20 kDa, 289 aa soluble form. The main functional domain of CMG-2 is an extracellular integrin-like von Willebrand factor type A (VWA) domain with a metal ion dependent adhesion site (MIDAS). This domain adheres selectively to collagen type IV and laminin (1‑5). CMG-2 isoform 2 is induced in HUVEC as they undergo capillary formation in collagen matrices in vitro (3). CMG-2 is mutated in juvenile hyaline fibromatosis and infantile systemic hyalinosis disorders, and several of these mutations result in loss of laminin binding (6). CMG-2 and the related protein ATR/TEM8 serve as receptors for the protective antigen (PA) of Bacillus Anthracis (1, 2). After binding the VWA domain, PA undergoes furin-type cleavage, forms a heptameric receptor/PA pre-pore and binds LF or EF toxin subunits (5, 7, 8). Transport to low pH endosomes, which requires CMG-2 ubiquitination and interaction with the LDL receptor related protein LRP6 (9, 10), allows PA pore formation and release of toxin to the cytoplasm (10, 11). Soluble CMG-2 VWA domain acts as a dummy receptor that can protect cultured cells from anthrax intoxication (2). Within the extracellular region, human CMG-2 shares 84%, 81%,89% and 93% amino acid sequence homology with mouse, rat, bovine, and canine CMG-2, respectively. CMG-2 VWA domain also shares 60% aa identity with ATR/TEM8.
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R&D Systems personnel manually curate a database that contains references using R&D Systems products.
The data collected includes not only links to publications in PubMed,
but also provides information about sample types, species, and experimental conditions.
Bacillus anthracis lethal toxin reduces human alveolar epithelial barrier function.
Authors: Langer, Marybeth, Duggan, Elizabet, Booth, John Lel, Patel, Vineet I, Zander, Ryan A, Silasi-Mansat, Robert, Ramani, Vijay, Veres, Tibor Zo, Prenzler, Frauke, Sewald, Katherin, Williams, Daniel M, Coggeshall, Kenneth, Awasthi, Shanjana, Lupu, Florea, Burian, Dennis, Ballard, Jimmy Da, Braun, Armin, Metcalf, Jordan P
Infect Immun, 2012;80(12):4374-87.
Sample Type: Cell Lysates
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