Human GDF-11/BMP-11 Antibody

(2 citations)   
  • Species Reactivity
    Human
  • Specificity
    Detects human GDF-11/BMP-11 in direct ELISAs. In direct ELISAs, no cross-reactivity with recombinant human BMP-6 or recombinant mouse GDF-8 is observed.
  • Source
    Monoclonal Mouse IgG1 Clone # 743833
  • Purification
    Protein A or G purified from hybridoma culture supernatant
  • Immunogen
    E. coli-derived recombinant human GDF-11/BMP-11
    Asn299-Ser407
    Accession # O95390
  • Formulation
    Lyophilized from a 0.2 μm filtered solution in PBS with Trehalose. *Small pack size (SP) is supplied as a 0.2 µm filtered solution in PBS.
  • Label
    Unconjugated
Applications
  •  
    Recommended
    Concentration
    Sample
  • Immunohistochemistry
    8-25 µg/mL
    See below
Please Note: Optimal dilutions should be determined by each laboratory for each application. General Protocols are available in the Technical Information section on our website.
Data Examples
Immunohistochemistry
GDF‑11/BMP‑11 in Human Colon Cancer Tissue. GDF‑11/BMP‑11 was detected in immersion fixed paraffin-embedded sections of human colon cancer tissue using Mouse Anti-Human GDF‑11/BMP‑11 Monoclonal Antibody (Catalog # MAB19581) at 15 µg/mL overnight at 4 °C. Tissue was stained using the Anti-Mouse HRP-DAB Cell & Tissue Staining Kit (brown; Catalog # CTS002) and counterstained with hematoxylin (blue). Lower panel shows a lack of labeling when primary antibodies are omitted and tissue is stained only with secondary antibody followed by incubation with detection reagents. Specific staining was localized to epithelia of the colon. View our protocol for Chromogenic IHC Staining of Paraffin-embedded Tissue Sections.
Preparation and Storage
  • Reconstitution
    Sterile PBS to a final concentration of 0.5 mg/mL.
  • Shipping
    The product is shipped at ambient temperature. Upon receipt, store it immediately at the temperature recommended below. *Small pack size (SP) is shipped with polar packs. Upon receipt, store it immediately at -20 to -70 °C
  • Stability & Storage
    Use a manual defrost freezer and avoid repeated freeze-thaw cycles.
    • 12 months from date of receipt, -20 to -70 °C as supplied.
    • 1 month, 2 to 8 °C under sterile conditions after reconstitution.
    • 6 months, -20 to -70 °C under sterile conditions after reconstitution.
Background: GDF-11/BMP-11

Growth Differentiation Factor 11 (GDF-11), also known as BMP-11, is a member of the TGF-beta superfamily and is highly related to GDF-8. GDF-11 encodes a 407 amino acid (aa) prepropeptide which contains a signal sequence for secretion and an RXXR proteolytic processing site to yield a 109 aa residue carboxy-terminal mature protein (1). Mature GDF-11 contains the canonical 7-cysteine motif common to other TGF-beta superfamily members; however, like the TGF-beta s, Activins and GDF-8, GDF-11 also contains one extra pair of cysteine residues. At the amino acid sequence level, mature human, mouse, rat and chicken GDF-11 are 99‑100% identical. GDF-11 and GDF-8 share 90% amino acid sequence identity within the mature protein. As detected by in situ hybridization, GDF-11 is expressed in diverse regions of the mouse embryo: tailbud, somitic precursors, limbs, mandibular and branchial arches, dorsal neural tube, odontoblasts, nasal epithelium, and particular regions of the brain (1, 2). Likewise, a targeted deletion of GDF-11 in mice results in a spectrum of abnormalities including palatal malformation, vertebral defects, elongated trunks with a reduced or absent tail, missing or malformed kidneys, and an increased number of neurons in the olfactory epithelium (2-5). An intriguing finding in the knockout mice was that the trunk elongation was due to an increase in the number of thoracic vertebrae (4). This implicates GDF-11 as the first secreted factor to influence the specification of segmental identity in vertebrates (3). In fact, GDF-11 does regulate expression of segmental transcription factors, the Hox genes (6). GDF-11 signals through the Activin type II receptors and induces phosphorylation of Smad2 to mediate axial patterning (7). Despite the strong expression in the limb throughout development, no limb abnormalities were found in the knockout mice. However, in vitro micromass studies indicate that GDF-11 inhibits myogenic and chondrogenic cell differentiation and may impact formation and development of the limb skeleton (6).

  • References:
    1. Gamer, L.W. et al. (1999) Dev. Biol. 208: 222. 
    2. Nakashima, M. et al. (1999) Mech. Dev. 80:185.  
    3. Gad, J.M. and P.P.L. Tam (1999) Curr. Biol. 9:R783.  
    4. McPherron, A.C. et al. (1999) Nat. Genet. 22:260.
    5. Esquela, A.F. and S.J. Lee (2003) Dev. Biol. 257:356.
    6. Gamer, L.W. et al. (2001) Dev. Biol. 229:407.
    7. Oh, S.P. et al. (2002) Genes & Dev. 16:274.
  • Long Name:
    Growth Differentiation Factor 11
  • Entrez Gene IDs:
    10220 (Human)
  • Alternate Names:
    BMP-11; BMP-11BMP11Bone morphogenetic protein 11; GDF11; GDF-11; growth differentiation factor 11; growth/differentiation factor 11
Related Research Areas
Citations:

R&D Systems personnel manually curate a database that contains references using R&D Systems products. The data collected includes not only links to publications in PubMed, but also provides information about sample types, species, and experimental conditions.

2 Citations: Showing 1 - 2
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Applications
Sample Type
  1. Supraphysiological levels of GDF11 induce striated muscle atrophy
    Authors: DW Hammers, M Merscham-B, JY Hsiao, S Engst, JJ Hartman, HL Sweeney
    EMBO Mol Med, 2017;0(0):.
    Species: Mouse
    Sample Type: Serum
    Application: WB
  2. Activin A more prominently regulates muscle mass in primates than does GDF8
    Authors: E Latres, J Mastaitis, W Fury, L Miloscio, J Trejos, J Pangilinan, H Okamoto, K Cavino, E Na, A Papatheodo, T Willer, Y Bai, J Hae Kim, A Rafique, S Jaspers, T Stitt, AJ Murphy, GD Yancopoulo, J Gromada
    Nat Commun, 2017;8(0):15153.
    Species: Human
    Sample Type: Serum
    Application: ELISA Development
Cell and Tissue Staining Kits
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Anti-Mouse HRP-DAB Cell & Tissue Staining Kit

CTS002 14
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Isotype Controls
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Mouse IgG1 Isotype Control

Ctrl MAB002 138  
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Mouse IgG1 Isotype Control

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Mouse IgG HRP-conjugated Antibody

WB HAF007 26  
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Mouse F(ab)2 IgG (H+L) PE-conjugated Antibody

Flow F0102B 10  
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Donkey Anti-Mouse IgG NorthernLights™ NL557-conjugate Antibody

Flow, IHC, ICC NL007 9
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Donkey Anti-Mouse IgG Biotinylated Antibody

WB BAF018 1
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Mouse IgG HRP-conjugated Antibody

WB HAF018 9  
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Mouse F(ab)2 IgG (H+L) APC-conjugated Antibody

Flow F0101B 2  
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Donkey Anti-Mouse IgG NorthernLights™ NL637-conjugated Antibody

Flow, IHC, ICC NL008 8
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Donkey Anti-Mouse IgG NorthernLights™ NL493-conjugated Antibody

Flow, IHC, ICC NL009 5
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Mouse F(ab)2 IgG (H+L) Fluorescein-conjugated Antibody

Flow F0103B 5  
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Mouse IgG Antibody

WB AF007 4
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Goat Anti-Mouse IgG Biotinylated Antibody

WB BAF007 4
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Mouse/Rabbit IgG VisUCyte HRP Polymer Antibody

IHC VC002  
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Mouse IgG VisUCyte HRP Polymer Antibody

IHC VC001  
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Mouse F(ab)2 IgG (H+L) PerCP-conjugated Antibody

Flow F0114  
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Goat Anti-Mouse IgG Fc Affinity Purified Polyclonal Ab

G-202-C 2
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