Detection of Glypican 4 in Human TF-1 Cell Line by Flow Cytometry.
TF‑1 human erythroleukemic cell line was stained with Mouse Anti-Human Glypican 4 Monoclonal Antibody (Catalog # MAB9195, filled histogram) or Mouse IgG1 Isotype Control (Catalog # MAB002, open histogram) followed by APC-conjugated Anti-Mouse IgG Secondary Antibody (Catalog # F0101B). View our protocol for Staining Membrane-associated Proteins.
Detection of Glypican 4 in Human BG01V Cells by Flow Cytometry.
BG01V human embryonic stem cells were stained with Mouse Anti-Human Glypican 4 Monoclonal Antibody (Catalog # MAB9195, filled histogram) or Mouse IgG1 Isotype Control (Catalog # MAB002, open histogram) followed by APC-conjugated Anti-Mouse IgG Secondary Antibody (Catalog # F0101B).View our protocol for Staining Membrane-associated Proteins.
Preparation and Storage
Reconstitute at 0.5 mg/mL in sterile PBS.
Reconstitution Buffer Available
The product is shipped at ambient temperature. Upon receipt, store it immediately at the temperature recommended below. *Small pack size (SP) is shipped with polar packs. Upon receipt, store it immediately at -20 to -70 °C
Stability & Storage
Use a manual defrost freezer and avoid repeated freeze-thaw cycles.
12 months from date of receipt, -20 to -70 °C as supplied.
1 month, 2 to 8 °C under sterile conditions after reconstitution.
6 months, -20 to -70 °C under sterile conditions after reconstitution.
Background: Glypican 4
Glypican 4, also known as K-Glypican, is an approximately 220 kDa GPI-anchored heparan sulfate proteoglycan with a 60 kDa protein core (1, 2). It is expressed in brain, kidney, adrenal gland, and fat tissue (1, 3) and binds to basic FGF (2). Mature human Glypican 4 shares 97% and 96% amino acid (aa) sequence identity with mouse and rat Glypican 4, respectively. An alternative splice isoform lacks the N-terminal 70 aa including the signal peptide. In the developing brain, Glypican 4 is found in lateral ventricles surrounding the telencephalon, the dentate gyrus, proliferating neuroepithelial cells, and neural precursors (1, 2). It inhibits the dopaminergic differentiation of neurons (4). A 30 kDa cleaved form of Glypican 4 binds in cis to PTP sigma and contributes to excitatory synapse development and function (5). Glypican 4 is differentially expressed between adipose tissue depots (3). A soluble form can be released by adipocytes and circulates at elevated levels in obese patients with insulin resistance (3, 6). This form binds and enhances signaling through the Insulin R, and it also supports adipocyte differentiation (3). In zebrafish, Glypican 4 is required for cartilage formation and cardiomyocyte differentiation (7, 8).
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Hagihara, K. et al. (2000) Dev. Dyn. 219:353.
Ussar, S. et al. (2012) Diabetes 61:2289.
Fico, A. et al. (2014) J. Neurosci. 34:8318.
Ko, J.S. et al. (2015) Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 112:1874.
Zhu, H.J. et al. (2014) J. Endocrinol. Metab. 99:E2697.
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