Human IL-1 alpha /IL-1F1 Biotinylated Antibody

(9 citations)   
  • Species Reactivity
    Human
  • Specificity
    Detects human IL-1 alpha /IL-1F1 in ELISAs and Western blots. In sandwich immunoassays, less than 0.05% cross-reactivity with recombinant mouse IL‑1 alpha, recombinant porcine IL‑1 alpha, recombinant rat IL‑1 alpha, recombinant human (rh) IL-1 sRI, and rhIL-1 sRII is observed.
  • Source
    Polyclonal Goat IgG
  • Purification
    Antigen Affinity-purified
  • Immunogen
    E. coli-derived recombinant human IL-1 alpha /IL-1F1 (R&D Systems, Catalog # 200-LA)
    Ser113-Ala271
    Accession # Q53QF9
  • Formulation
    Lyophilized from a 0.2 μm filtered solution in PBS with BSA as a carrier protein.
  • Label
    Biotin
Applications
  •  
    Recommended
    Concentration
    Sample
  • Western Blot
    0.1 µg/mL
    Recombinant Human IL‑1 alpha /IL‑1F1 (Catalog # 200-LA)
  • Immunocytochemistry
    5-15 µg/mL
    See below
    • Human IL-1 alpha /IL-1F1 Sandwich Immunoassay
      Reagent
  • ELISA Capture (Matched Antibody Pair)
    2-8 µg/mL 
    Human IL‑1 alpha /IL‑1F1 Antibody (Catalog # MAB200)
  • ELISA Capture (Matched Antibody Pair)
    2-8 µg/mL 
    Human IL‑1 alpha /IL‑1F1 Antibody (Catalog # MAB200R)
  • ELISA Detection (Matched Antibody Pair)
    0.1-0.4 µg/mL 
    Human IL‑1 alpha /IL‑1F1 Biotinylated Antibody (Catalog # BAF200)
  • ELISA Standard
     
    Recombinant Human IL-1 alpha/IL-1F1 Protein (Catalog # 200-LA)
Please Note: Optimal dilutions should be determined by each laboratory for each application. General Protocols are available in the Technical Information section on our website.
Data Examples
Immunocytochemistry
IL‑1 alpha /IL‑1F1 in Human PBMCs. IL‑1 alpha /IL‑1F1 was detected in immersion fixed human peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) stimulated with LPS and monensin using Human
IL‑1 alpha /IL‑1F1 Biotinylated Antigen Affinity-purified Polyclonal Antibody (Catalog # BAF200) at 10 µg/mL for 3 hours at room temperature. Cells were stained using the NorthernLights™ 557-conjugated Anti-Goat IgG Secondary Antibody (red; Catalog # NL001) and counterstained with DAPI (blue). View our protocol for Fluorescent ICC Staining of Non-adherent Cells.
Immunocytochemistry
IL‑1 alpha /IL‑1F1 in Human PBMCs. IL‑1 alpha /IL‑1F1 was detected in immersion fixed human peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) stimulated with LPS and monensin using Human
IL‑1 alpha /IL‑1F1 Biotinylated Antigen Affinity-purified Polyclonal Antibody (Catalog # BAF200) at 10 µg/mL for 3 hours at room temperature. Cells were stained using the NorthernLights™ 557-conjugated Streptavidin (yellow; Catalog # NL999) and counterstained with DAPI (blue). View our protocol for Fluorescent ICC Staining of Non-adherent Cells.
Preparation and Storage
  • Reconstitution
    Reconstitute at 0.2 mg/mL in sterile PBS.
  • Shipping
    The product is shipped at ambient temperature. Upon receipt, store it immediately at the temperature recommended below.
  • Stability & Storage
    Use a manual defrost freezer and avoid repeated freeze-thaw cycles.
    • 12 months from date of receipt, -20 to -70 °C as supplied.
    • 1 month, 2 to 8 °C under sterile conditions after reconstitution.
    • 6 months, -20 to -70 °C under sterile conditions after reconstitution.
Background: IL-1 alpha/IL-1F1
Interleukin 1 (IL-1) is a name that designates two proteins, IL-1 alpha and IL-1 beta, which are the products of distinct genes, but which show approximately 25% amino acid sequence identity and which recognize the same cell surface receptors. Although IL-1 production is generally considered to be a consequence of inflammation, recent evidence suggests that IL-1 is also temporarily upregulated during bone formation and the menstrual cycle and can be induced in response to nervous system stimulation. In response to classic stimuli produced by inflammatory agents, infections or microbial endotoxins, a dramatic increase in the production of IL-1 by macrophages and various other cells is seen. Cells in particular known to produce IL-1 include osteoblasts, monocytes, macrophages, keratinocytes, Kupffer cells, hepatocytes, thymic and salivary gland epithelium, Schwann cells, fibroblasts, and glia (oligodendroglia, astrocytes, and microglia).

IL-1 alpha and IL-1 beta are both synthesized as 31 kDa precursors that are subsequently cleaved into proteins with molecular weights of approximately 17,000 Da. Neither precursor contains a typical hydrophobic signal peptide sequence and most of the precursor form of IL-1 alpha remains in the cytosol of cells, although there is evidence for a membrane-bound form of the precursor form of IL-1 alpha. The IL-1 alpha precursor reportedly shows full biological activity in the EL-4 assay. Among various species, the amino acid sequence of mature IL-1 alpha is conserved 60% to 70% and human IL-1 has been found to be biologically active on murine cell lines. Both forms of IL-1 bind to the same receptors, designated type I and type II. Evidence suggests that only the type I receptor is capable of signal transduction and that the type II receptor may function as a decoy, binding IL-1 and thus preventing binding of IL-1 to the type I receptor.

  • Long Name:
    Interleukin 1 alpha
  • Entrez Gene IDs:
    3552 (Human); 16175 (Mouse); 24493 (Rat); 397094 (Porcine)
  • Alternate Names:
    Hematopoietin-1; IL1 alpha; IL-1 alpha; IL1; IL1A; IL-1A; IL1-ALPHA; IL-1F1; IL1F1hematopoietin-1; interleukin 1, alpha; interleukin-1 alpha; preinterleukin 1 alpha; pro-interleukin-1-alpha
Related Research Areas
Citations:

R&D Systems personnel manually curate a database that contains references using R&D Systems products. The data collected includes not only links to publications in PubMed, but also provides information about sample types, species, and experimental conditions.

9 Citations: Showing 1 - 9
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Species
Applications
Sample Type
  1. Protection from RNA and DNA viruses by IL-32.
    Authors: Zepp JA, Nold-Petry CA, Dinarello CA, Nold MF
    J. Immunol., 2011;186(7):4110-8.
    Species: Human
    Sample Type: Cell Culture Supernates
    Application: Electrochemiluminescence
  2. Resistance of human alveolar macrophages to Bacillus anthracis lethal toxin.
    Authors: Wu W, Mehta H, Chakrabarty K, Booth JL, Duggan ES, Patel KB, Ballard JD, Coggeshall KM, Metcalf JP
    J. Immunol., 2009;183(9):5799-806.
    Species: Human
    Sample Type: Cell Culture Supernates
    Application: ELISA Development
  3. Development and validation of sandwich ELISA microarrays with minimal assay interference.
    Authors: Gonzalez RM, Seurynck-Servoss SL, Crowley SA
    J. Proteome Res., 2008;7(6):2406-14.
    Species: Human
    Sample Type: Serum
    Application: ELISA Microarray Development
  4. Upregulation of human cytomegalovirus by HIV type 1 in human lymphoid tissue ex vivo.
    Authors: Biancotto A, Iglehart SJ, Lisco A, Vanpouille C, Grivel JC, Lurain NS, Reichelderfer PS, Margolis LB
    AIDS Res. Hum. Retroviruses, 2008;24(3):453-62.
    Species: Human
    Sample Type: Cell Culture Supernates
    Application: Luminex Development
  5. Endogenous IL-32 controls cytokine and HIV-1 production.
    Authors: Nold MF, Nold-Petry CA, Pott GB, Zepp JA, Saavedra MT, Kim SH, Dinarello CA
    J. Immunol., 2008;181(1):557-65.
    Species: Human
    Sample Type: Cell Culture Supernates
    Application: Electrochemiluminescence
  6. Ultrasensitive flow-based immunoassays using single-molecule counting.
    Authors: Todd J, Freese B, Lu A, Held D, Morey J, Livingston R, Goix P
    Clin. Chem., 2007;53(11):1990-5.
    Species: Human
    Sample Type: Plasma
    Application: ELISA Development
  7. Abnormal activation and cytokine spectra in lymph nodes of people chronically infected with HIV-1.
    Authors: Biancotto A, Grivel JC, Iglehart SJ, Vanpouille C, Lisco A, Sieg SF, Debernardo R, Garate K, Rodriguez B, Margolis LB, Lederman MM
    Blood, 2007;109(10):4272-9.
    Species: Human
    Sample Type: Cell Culture Supernates
    Application: Luminex Development
  8. Effect of serum content and diluent selection on assay sensitivity and signal intensity in multiplex bead-based immunoassays.
    Authors: Pfleger C, Schloot N, ter Veld F
    J. Immunol. Methods, 2007;329(1):214-8.
    Species: Human
    Sample Type: Serum
    Application: Luminex Development
  9. Marked differences in human melanoma antigen-specific T cell responsiveness after vaccination using a functional microarray.
    Authors: Chen DS, Soen Y, Stuge TB
    PLoS Med., 2005;2(10):e265.
    Species: Human
    Sample Type: Whole Cells
    Application: functional microarray
Isotype Controls
Description Application Cat# Citations Images  

Normal Goat IgG Biotinylated Control

Ctrl BAF108 19
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Staining Reagents
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Streptavidin-Phycoerythrin

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Streptavidin-Alkaline Phosphatase

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NorthernLights Streptavidin NL557

Flow, IHC, ICC NL999 4
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NorthernLights Streptavidin NL637

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NorthernLights Streptavidin NL493

Flow, IHC, ICC NL997 1
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Streptavidin-Allophycocyanin

Flow F0050 1
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Avidin-Fluorescein

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MagCellect Streptavidin Ferrofluid

MAG999B 4
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MagCellect Streptavidin Ferrofluid

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Supplemental ELISA Products
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Streptavidin-HRP

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EvenCoat Streptavidin Coated Plates

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EvenCoat Streptavidin Coated Plates, 5 Pack

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