Human/Mouse/Rat Glyoxalase I Antibody

  
  • Species Reactivity
    Human, Mouse, Rat
  • Specificity
    Detects human, mouse and rat Glyoxalase I in Western blots.
  • Source
    Polyclonal Goat IgG
  • Purification
    Antigen Affinity-purified
  • Immunogen
    E. coli-derived recombinant human Glyoxalase I
    Ala2-Met184
    Accession # Q04760
  • Formulation
    Lyophilized from a 0.2 μm filtered solution in PBS with Trehalose. *Small pack size (SP) is supplied as a 0.2 µm filtered solution in PBS.
  • Label
    Unconjugated
Applications
  •  
    Recommended
    Concentration
    Sample
  • Western Blot
    1 µg/mL
    See below
  • Simple Western
    50 µg/mL
    See below
Please Note: Optimal dilutions should be determined by each laboratory for each application. General Protocols are available in the Technical Information section on our website.
Data Examples

Detection of Human/Mouse/Rat Glyoxalase I by Western Blot. Western blot shows lysates of HeLa human cervical epithelial carcinoma cell line, MCF-7 human breast cancer cell line, NIH-3T3 mouse embryonic fibroblast cell line, and PC-12 rat adrenal pheochromocytoma cell line. PVDF membrane was probed with 1 µg/mL of Goat Anti-Human/Mouse/Rat Glyoxalase I Antigen Affinity-purified Polyclonal Antibody (Catalog # AF4959) followed by HRP-conjugated Anti‑Goat IgG Secondary Antibody (Catalog # HAF109). A specific band was detected for Glyoxalase I at approximately 28 kDa (as indicated). This experiment was conducted using Immunoblot Buffer Group 2.

Detection of Human Glyoxalase I by Simple WesternTM Simple Western lane view shows lysates of HeLa human cervical epithelial carcinoma cell line, loaded at 0.2 mg/mL. A specific band was detected for Glyoxalase I at approximately 33 kDa (as indicated) using 50 µg/mL of Goat Anti-Human/Mouse/Rat Glyoxalase I Antigen Affinity-purified Polyclonal Antibody (Catalog # AF4959) followed by 1:50 dilution of HRP-conjugated Anti-Goat IgG Secondary Antibody (Catalog # HAF109). This experiment was conducted under reducing conditions and using the
12-230 kDa separation system.

Preparation and Storage
  • Reconstitution
    Reconstitute at 0.2 mg/mL in sterile PBS.
  • Shipping
    The product is shipped at ambient temperature. Upon receipt, store it immediately at the temperature recommended below. *Small pack size (SP) is shipped with polar packs. Upon receipt, store it immediately at -20 to -70 °C
  • Stability & Storage
    Use a manual defrost freezer and avoid repeated freeze-thaw cycles.
    • 12 months from date of receipt, -20 to -70 °C as supplied.
    • 1 month, 2 to 8 °C under sterile conditions after reconstitution.
    • 6 months, -20 to -70 °C under sterile conditions after reconstitution.
Background: Glyoxalase I

Glyoxalase I (also lactoylglutathione lyase, methylglyoxalase, and glx I) is a 21 kDa member of the Glyoxalase I family. The enzyme is an isomerase that catalyzes the formation of S-D-lactoylglutathione from the hemimercaptal adduct that forms spontaneously between methylglyoxal and reduced GSH (1‑4). The monomeric subunit for human Glyoxalase I is 184 amino acids (aa) in length. In the mature protein, the methionine at the N-terminus is removed. Human Glyoxalase I exists in three separable isoforms as homo-and hetero-dimers of two allelic subunit variants, which differ in charge (1). The isoforms are formed when residue 19 is changed from cysteine to tyrosine and residue 111 is changed from glutamine to alanine. Each subunit binds one Zn2+ atom (1, 3‑4). The protein is made up of multiple beta strands and alpha helical regions. Human Glyoxalase I shares 91% and 90% aa sequence identity with rat and mouse Glyoxalase I, respectively. The enzyme is ubiquitously expressed and is also present in many tumor cell lines, in which its concentration is often upregulated (1). The biological role of the enzyme remains unclear, but the glyoxalase system detoxifies the precursors of advanced glycation end products, which take part in the pathogenesis of vascular, diabetic, and uremic complications (5).

  • References:
    1. Ridderstrom, M. & B. Mannervik (1996) Biochem. J. 314:463.
    2. Marmstal, E. & B. Mannervik (1981) FEBS Lett. 131:301.
    3. Kim, N-S. et al. (1993) J. Biol. Chem. 268:11217.
    4. Ranganathan, S. et al. (1993) J. Biol. Chem. 268:5661.
    5. Kalousova, M. et al. (2007) Ann. N. Y. Acad. Sci. 1126:268.
  • Entrez Gene IDs:
    2739 (Human); 109801 (Mouse); 294320 (Rat)
  • Alternate Names:
    Aldoketomutase; EC 4.4.1.5; GLO1; GLOD1; Glx I; GLYI; glyoxalase domain containing 1; Glyoxalase I; glyoxalase Ialdoketomutase; Ketone-aldehyde mutase; lactoyl glutathione lyase; lactoylglutathione lyase; Methylglyoxalase; S-D-lactoylglutathione methylglyoxal lyase
Related Research Areas
Isotype Controls
Description Application Cat# Citations Images  

Normal Goat IgG Control

Ctrl AB-108-C 191  
View Sizes & Prices
Catalog# Size Price Stock Quantity
Loading Information....
Secondary Antibodies
Description Application Cat# Citations Images  

Goat IgG HRP-conjugated Antibody

WB, Simple Western HAF109 19  
View Sizes & Prices
Catalog# Size Price Stock Quantity
Loading Information....

Goat IgG HRP-conjugated Antibody

WB HAF017 15  
View Sizes & Prices
Catalog# Size Price Stock Quantity
Loading Information....

Goat IgG (H+L) PE-conjugated Antibody

Flow F0107 4  
View Sizes & Prices
Catalog# Size Price Stock Quantity
Loading Information....

Donkey Anti-Goat IgG NorthernLights™ NL557-conjugated Antibody

Flow, IHC, ICC NL001 9
View Sizes & Prices
Catalog# Size Price Stock Quantity
Loading Information....

Donkey Anti-Goat IgG NorthernLights™ NL493-conjugated Antibody

Flow, IHC, ICC NL003 5
View Sizes & Prices
Catalog# Size Price Stock Quantity
Loading Information....

Goat IgG (H+L) APC-conjugated Antibody

Flow F0108 6  
View Sizes & Prices
Catalog# Size Price Stock Quantity
Loading Information....

Goat IgG Horseradish Peroxidase-conjugated Antibody

WB HAF019 6  
View Sizes & Prices
Catalog# Size Price Stock Quantity
Loading Information....

Donkey Anti-Goat IgG Antibody

WB AF109 6
View Sizes & Prices
Catalog# Size Price Stock Quantity
Loading Information....

Donkey Anti-Goat IgG Biotinylated Antibody

WB BAF109 3
View Sizes & Prices
Catalog# Size Price Stock Quantity
Loading Information....

Goat IgG VisUCyte HRP Polymer

IHC VC004  
View Sizes & Prices
Catalog# Size Price Stock Quantity
Loading Information....

Goat IgG (H+L) Fluorescein-conjugated Antibody

Flow F0109 2  
View Sizes & Prices
Catalog# Size Price Stock Quantity
Loading Information....

Donkey Anti-Goat IgG NorthernLights™ NL637-conjugated Antibody

Flow, IHC, ICC NL002
View Sizes & Prices
Catalog# Size Price Stock Quantity
Loading Information....

Rabbit Anti-Goat IgG (H+L) Affinity Purified PAb, X Absorbed

WB, ELISA R-401-C-ABS
View Sizes & Prices
Catalog# Size Price Stock Quantity
Loading Information....

Chicken Anti-Goat IgG Biotinylated Antibody

WB BAF019
View Sizes & Prices
Catalog# Size Price Stock Quantity
Loading Information....

Rabbit Anti-Goat IgG Biotinylated Antibody

WB BAF017
View Sizes & Prices
Catalog# Size Price Stock Quantity
Loading Information....

Donkey Anti-Goat IgG (H+L) PerCP-conjugated Antibody

Flow F0124
View Sizes & Prices
Catalog# Size Price Stock Quantity
Loading Information....

Have you used Human/Mouse/Rat Glyoxalase I Antibody?

Submit a review and receive a $25US/€18/£15/$25CAN amazon gift card if you include an image - $10US/€7/£6/$10CAN Amazon card for reviews without an image. Limited to verified customers in USA, Canada and Europe.

Order Details

Contact Information

Calculators

Reconstitution Calculator

The reconstitution calculator allows you to quickly calculate the volume of a reagent to reconstitute your vial. Simply enter the mass of reagent and the target concentration and the calculator will determine the rest.

=
÷
R&D Systems Guarantee

Monoclonal
Antibody
Panels For
Screening

Learn More
Monoclonal Antibodies

Feedback

Customer Information