Detection of Human, Mouse, and Rat Glyoxalase II by Western Blot.
Western blot shows lysates of HepG2 human hepatocellular carcinoma cell line, HEK293 human embryonic kidney cell line, human liver, human kidney, mouse liver, and rat liver tissue. PVDF membrane was probed with 1 µg/mL of Goat Anti-Human/Mouse/Rat Glyoxalase II Antigen Affinity-purified Polyclonal Antibody (Catalog # AF5944) followed by HRP-conjugated Anti-Goat IgG Secondary Antibody (Catalog # HAF019). A specific band was detected for Glyoxalase II at approximately 30 kDa (as indicated). This experiment was conducted under reducing conditions and using Immunoblot Buffer Group 8.
Preparation and Storage
Reconstitute at 0.2 mg/mL in sterile PBS.
The product is shipped at ambient temperature. Upon receipt, store it immediately at the temperature recommended below. *Small pack size (SP) is shipped with polar packs. Upon receipt, store it immediately at -20 to -70 °C
Stability & Storage
Use a manual defrost freezer and avoid repeated freeze-thaw cycles.
12 months from date of receipt, -20 to -70 °C as supplied.
1 month, 2 to 8 °C under sterile conditions after reconstitution.
6 months, -20 to -70 °C under sterile conditions after reconstitution.
Background: Glyoxalase II
Glyoxalase II (GLO2; also hydroxyacylglutathione hydrolase 2 and Glx II) is a monomeric, cytosolic 29 kDa member of the Glyoxylase II family, metallo-beta -lactamase superfamily of enzymes. It is expressed in liver and kidney, and converts GLO1-generated lactoylglutathione into lactate and GSH. It is up‑regulated by p63 and p73, and thus serves as a p53-associated survival factor. Human GLO2 is 260 amino acids (aa) in length. It binds two atoms of Zn and contains one substrate binding region (aa 143‑145 plus 249‑252). The 29 kDa form represents 80‑90% of cellular GLO2. There is also a 32‑33 kDa, 308 aa mitochondrial isoform that arises via the use of an alternative start site. Its function is unclear, given that mitochondria do not contain GLO1. There is an additional potential isoform that shows an insertion of nine aa after Thr167. Human GLO2 shares approximately 90% aa identity with mouse GLO2.