Human PACT Antibody

  
  • Species Reactivity
    Human
  • Specificity
    Detects human PACT in direct ELISAs and Western blots.
  • Source
    Polyclonal Goat IgG
  • Purification
    Antigen Affinity-purified
  • Immunogen
    E. coli-derived recombinant human PACT
    Ser2-Lys313
    Accession # O75569
  • Formulation
    Lyophilized from a 0.2 μm filtered solution in PBS with Trehalose. *Small pack size (SP) is supplied as a 0.2 µm filtered solution in PBS.
  • Label
    Unconjugated
Applications
  •  
    Recommended
    Concentration
    Sample
  • Western Blot
    1 µg/mL
    See below
  • Simple Western
    10 µg/mL
    See below
Please Note: Optimal dilutions should be determined by each laboratory for each application. General Protocols are available in the Technical Information section on our website.
Data Examples
Detection of Human PACT by Western Blot. Western blot shows lysates of K562 human chronic myelogenous leukemia cell line and HeLa human cervical epithelial carcinoma cell line. PVDF membrane was probed with 1 µg/mL of Goat Anti-Human PACT Antigen Affinity-purified Polyclonal Antibody (Catalog # AF1980) followed by HRP-conjugated Anti-Goat IgG Secondary Antibody (Catalog # HAF017). A specific band was detected for PACT at approximately 32 kDa (as indicated). This experiment was conducted under reducing conditions and using Immunoblot Buffer Group 1.
Detection of Human PACT by Simple WesternTM. Simple Western lane view shows lysates of K562 human chronic myelogenous leukemia cell line, loaded at 0.2 mg/mL. A specific band was detected for PACT at approximately 42 kDa (as indicated) using 10 µg/mL of Goat Anti-Human PACT Antigen Affinity-purified Polyclonal Antibody (Catalog # AF1980) followed by 1:50 dilution of HRP-conjugated Anti-Goat IgG Secondary Antibody (Catalog # HAF109). This experiment was conducted under reducing conditions and using the 12-230 kDa separation system.
Preparation and Storage
  • Reconstitution
    Reconstitute at 0.2 mg/mL in sterile PBS.
  • Shipping
    The product is shipped at ambient temperature. Upon receipt, store it immediately at the temperature recommended below. *Small pack size (SP) is shipped with polar packs. Upon receipt, store it immediately at -20 to -70 °C
  • Stability & Storage
    Use a manual defrost freezer and avoid repeated freeze-thaw cycles.
    • 12 months from date of receipt, -20 to -70 °C as supplied.
    • 1 month, 2 to 8 °C under sterile conditions after reconstitution.
    • 6 months, -20 to -70 °C under sterile conditions after reconstitution.
Background: PACT
PACT (PKR Activator; also HSD14, PRKRA and RAX [in mouse]) is a 34-37 kDa member of the PRKRA family of molecules. It is a ubiquitously expressed, cytoplasmic, 313 amino acid (aa) protein that contains three discrete double-stranded (ds) RNA binding motifs (aa 31-101; 126-194; 240-308). It exists as a monomer, homodimer, and heterodimer with at least two partners, TRBP and Dicer. Two isoform variants are known to exist, including one that utilizes an alternative start site at Met26, and another that shows a 10 aa substitution for aa 1-21. PACT is perhaps best known for its relationship with PKR, a 52-58 kDa Ser/Thr kinase that downmodulates protein synthesis and initiates apoptosis. PKR is constitutively silent, and activated via two principal ways; the first is through binding to (viral) dsRNA, and the second is through binding to an activator, PACT. PACT is kept in check upstream through dimerization with at 48-49 kDa regulatory protein termed TRBP. Following growth factor withdrawl or exposure to bacterial products such as LPS, PACT is phosphorylated at Ser287, and this inactive PACT:TRBP heterodimer dissociates, freeing up PACT to bind to PKR. PACT's interaction with PKR induces an autophosphorylation event on PKR. This allows for an activated PKR interaction with eIF2a, causing its phosphorylation and a subsequent reduction of protein synthesis. PACT may also act independently of PKR, and serve as a component of RISC, a complex that downregulates mRNA translation. Within this complex, PACT likely associates with Dicer in concert with Argonaute. Full-length PACT shares 98% aa sequence identity with the mouse ortholog to human PACT termed RAX.
  • Entrez Gene IDs:
    8575 (Human); 23992 (Mouse); 311130 (Rat)
  • Alternate Names:
    DYT16; DYT16interferon-inducible double stranded RNA-dependent activator; HSD14; PACT; PACTPKR-associating protein X; PKR-associated protein X; PKR-Associating Protein X; PRKRA; protein kinase, interferon-inducible double stranded RNA dependent activator; RAX; RAXHSD14
Isotype Controls
Description Application Cat# Citations Images  

Normal Goat IgG Control

Ctrl AB-108-C 191  
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Secondary Antibodies
Description Application Cat# Citations Images  

Goat IgG HRP-conjugated Antibody

WB, Simple Western HAF109 19  
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Goat IgG HRP-conjugated Antibody

WB HAF017 15  
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Goat IgG (H+L) PE-conjugated Antibody

Flow F0107 4  
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Donkey Anti-Goat IgG NorthernLights™ NL557-conjugated Antibody

Flow, IHC, ICC NL001 9
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Donkey Anti-Goat IgG NorthernLights™ NL493-conjugated Antibody

Flow, IHC, ICC NL003 5
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Goat IgG (H+L) APC-conjugated Antibody

Flow F0108 6  
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Goat IgG Horseradish Peroxidase-conjugated Antibody

WB HAF019 6  
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Donkey Anti-Goat IgG Antibody

WB AF109 6
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Donkey Anti-Goat IgG Biotinylated Antibody

WB BAF109 3
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Goat IgG VisUCyte HRP Polymer

IHC VC004  
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Goat IgG (H+L) Fluorescein-conjugated Antibody

Flow F0109 2  
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Donkey Anti-Goat IgG NorthernLights™ NL637-conjugated Antibody

Flow, IHC, ICC NL002
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Rabbit Anti-Goat IgG (H+L) Affinity Purified PAb, X Absorbed

WB, ELISA R-401-C-ABS
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Chicken Anti-Goat IgG Biotinylated Antibody

WB BAF019
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Rabbit Anti-Goat IgG Biotinylated Antibody

WB BAF017
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Donkey Anti-Goat IgG (H+L) PerCP-conjugated Antibody

Flow F0124
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