Detects human TLR9 in direct ELISAs. In direct ELISAs, approximately 75% cross-reactivity with recombinant mouse TLR9 is observed, and less than 1% cross-reactivity with recombinant human (rh) TLR1, rhTLR2, rhTLR3, rhTLR4, rhTLR5, rhTLR7, rhTLR8, and rhTLR10 is observed.
Polyclonal Sheep IgG
E. coli-derived recombinant human TLR9 Asn64-Glu189 Accession # Q9NR96
Lyophilized from a 0.2 μm filtered solution in PBS with Trehalose. *Small pack size (SP) is supplied as a 0.2 µm filtered solution in PBS.
2.5 µg/106 cells
Ready to be labeled using established conjugation methods. No BSA or other carrier proteins that could interfere with conjugation.
Please Note: Optimal dilutions should be determined by each laboratory for each application. General Protocols are available in the Technical Information section on our website.
Detection of TLR9 in Human PBMC lymphocytes by Flow Cytometry. Human PBMC lymphocytes were stained with Sheep Anti-Human TLR9 Antigen Affinity-purified Polyclonal Antibody (Catalog # AF3658) followed by NorthernLights™ 637-conjugated Anti-Sheep IgG Secondary Antibody (Catalog # NL011) and Mouse Anti-Human CD19 PE-conjugated Monoclonal Antibody (Catalog # FAB4867P). Quadrant markers were set based on control antibody staining (Catalog # 5-001-A).
TLR9 in Human Tonsil. TLR9 was detected in immersion fixed paraffin-embedded sections of human tonsil using Sheep Anti-Human TLR9 Antigen Affinity-purified Polyclonal Antibody (Catalog # AF3658) at 1 µg/mL overnight at 4 °C. Tissue was stained using the Anti-Sheep HRP-DAB Cell & Tissue Staining Kit (brown; Catalog # CTS019) and counterstained with hematoxylin (blue). Specific staining was localized to membranes of lymphocytes. View our protocol for Chromogenic IHC Staining of Paraffin-embedded Tissue Sections.
Preparation and Storage
Sterile PBS to a final concentration of 0.2 mg/mL.
The product is shipped at ambient temperature. Upon receipt, store it immediately at the temperature recommended below. *Small pack size (SP) is shipped with polar packs. Upon receipt, store it immediately at -20 to -70 °C
Stability & Storage
Use a manual defrost freezer and avoid repeated freeze-thaw cycles.
12 months from date of receipt, -20 to -70 °C as supplied.
1 month, 2 to 8 °C under sterile conditions after reconstitution.
6 months, -20 to -70 °C under sterile conditions after reconstitution.
TLRs make up a family of pattern recognition receptors that play important roles in the innate immune response. Broad classes of pathogens (e.g. viruses, bacteria, and fungi) constitutively express a set of mutation-resistant molecules called pathogen-associated molecular patterns (PAMPs). These microbial molecular markers may be composed of proteins, carbohydrates, lipids, nucleic acids and/or combinations thereof. Individual TLRs recognize distinct pathogen-associated PAMPs, initiating signaling cascades that promote the immune response. Structurally, TLRs are type I transmembrane receptors that possess varying numbers of extracellular N-terminal leucine-rich repeat (LRR) motifs, followed by a cysteine-rich region, a TM domain, and an intracellular Toll/IL-1 R (TIR) motif. The TIR motif is common to the larger IL-1 R/TLR superfamily.
R&D Systems personnel manually curate a database that contains references using R&D Systems products.
The data collected includes not only links to publications in PubMed,
but also provides information about sample types, species, and experimental conditions.
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