Detects cell surface expressed TNF-alpha (membrane and receptor bound forms) by flow cytometry. Detects human TNF-alpha in direct ELISAs and Western blots. In direct ELISAs, approximately 25‑50% cross‑reactivity with recombinant porcine TNF‑ alpha and recombinant rhesus macaque TNF-alpha is observed but no cross-reactivity with recombinant cotton rat TNF‑ alpha, recombinant rat TNF‑ alpha, recombinant human (rh) LT alpha 1/ beta 2, rhLT alpha 2/ beta 1, rhAPRIL, rhBAFF, rhEDA‑A2, recombinant mouse EDA, rhFas Ligand, rhLIGHT, rhOX40 Ligand, rhTRAIL, rhTRANCE, rhTWEAK, or rhVEGI is observed.
Monoclonal Mouse IgG1 Clone # 6401
Protein A or G purified from ascites
E. coli-derived recombinant human TNF-alpha Gly57-Leu233 (predicted) Accession # P01375
Supplied in a saline solution containing BSA and Sodium Azide.
Detection of TNF‑ alpha in Human Peripheral Blood Monocytes by Flow Cytometry.
Human peripheral blood monocytes were stained with Mouse Anti-Human TNF‑ alpha Membrane Form Fluorescein‑conjugated Monoclonal Antibody (Catalog # FAB210F, filled histogram) or isotype control antibody (Catalog # IC002F, open histogram). View our protocol for Staining Membrane-associated Proteins.
Preparation and Storage
The product is shipped with polar packs. Upon receipt, store it immediately at the temperature recommended below.
Stability & Storage
Protect from light. Do not freeze.
12 months from date of receipt, 2 to 8 °C as supplied.
TNF-alpha is a trimeric glycoprotein active in both membrane bound and secreted forms. TNF-alpha is produced by several lymphoid cells as well as by astrocytes, endothelial cells, and smooth muscle cells. TNF-alpha binds to TNF RI and TNF RII present on virtually all cell types where it triggers the activation of multiple signal transduction pathways and modulates the expression of a wide variety of genes.
R&D Systems personnel manually curate a database that contains references using R&D Systems products.
The data collected includes not only links to publications in PubMed,
but also provides information about sample types, species, and experimental conditions.
Why do FAB210 and IC210 give different intracellular staining results?
FAB210 was developed to detect cells that are expressing cell surface TNF-alpha and the antibody is able to recognize cells that have bound TNF-alpha on their surface through their receptor and membrane bound forms. The IC210 on the other hand detects the cytoplasmic form of TNF-alpha, that is cells which are actively secreting TNF-alpha intracellularly. If FAB210 is used for intracellular staining, there is a chance that antibody will report additive staining of cell surface TNF-alpha as well as intracellular TNF-alpha upon permeabilization.
Have you used Human TNF-alpha Membrane Form Fluorescein-conjugated Antibody?
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