Detection of Human Twist‑1 by Western Blot.
Western blot shows lysates of PC‑3 human prostate cancer cell line andHeLa human cervical epithelial carcinoma cell line. PVDF membrane was probed with 2 µg/mL of Mouse Anti-Human Twist‑1 Monoclonal Antibody (Catalog # MAB6230) followed by HRP-conjugated Anti-Mouse IgG Secondary Antibody (Catalog # HAF018). A specific band was detected for Twist‑1 at approximately 24 kDa (as indicated). This experiment was conducted under reducing conditions and using Immunoblot Buffer Group 1.
Detection of Twist‑1 in Human PBMCs by Flow Cytometry.
Human peripheral blood mononuclear cell (PBMCs) were stained with Mouse Anti-Human Twist‑1 Monoclonal Antibody (Catalog # MAB6230, filled histogram) or isotype control antibody (Catalog # MAB002, open histogram), followed by Phycoerythrin-conjugated Anti-Mouse IgG Secondary Antibody (Catalog # F0102B). To facilitate intracellular staining, cells were fixed with Flow Cytometry Fixation Buffer (Catalog # FC004) and permeabilized with Flow Cytometry Permeabilization/Wash Buffer I (Catalog # FC005). View our protocol for Staining Intracellular Molecules.
Preparation and Storage
Reconstitute at 0.5 mg/mL in sterile PBS.
Reconstitution Buffer Available
The product is shipped at ambient temperature. Upon receipt, store it immediately at the temperature recommended below. *Small pack size (SP) is shipped with polar packs. Upon receipt, store it immediately at -20 to -70 °C
Stability & Storage
Use a manual defrost freezer and avoid repeated freeze-thaw cycles.
12 months from date of receipt, -20 to -70 °C as supplied.
1 month, 2 to 8 °C under sterile conditions after reconstitution.
6 months, -20 to -70 °C under sterile conditions after reconstitution.
Twist-1 (Twist-related protein 1; also H-Twist and bHLHa38) is a 25‑27 kDa class B member of the bHLH transcription factor family of proteins. It is widely expressed in embryo, and select adult cells such as white adipocytes. In fat, Twist-1 induces fatty acid oxidation via PGC-1 alpha and CPT-1, and promotes MCP-1 and TNF-alpha secretion by adipocytes. In epithelium, Twist-1 dysregulation represses E-Cadherin and induces N-Cadherin expression, resulting in an epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition that can lead to cancer. Human Twist-1 is 202 amino acids (aa) in length. It contains a bHLH domain (aa 109-164) with an embedded DNA-binding motif. Twist-1 forms homodimers, and heterodimerizes with TCF3, HAND 1 and HAND 2. Two distinct mutations exist that may impact its dimerization pattern. There is one seven aa insertion after Ile135, and a second seven aa insertion after Pro139. A third unrelated variant shows a four Gly insert after Gly92. Full-length human Twist-1 shares 98% aa identity with mouse Twist-1.
Twist Related Protein 1 [Drosophila]
Entrez Gene IDs:
7291 (Human); 22160 (Mouse); 85489 (Rat)
acrocephalosyndactyly 3; ACS3; B-HLH DNA binding protein; BHLHA38; bHLHa38BPES3; BPES3; Class A basic helix-loop-helix protein 38; CRS1; H-twist; H-twistblepharophimosis, epicanthus inversus and ptosis 3; SCSBPES2; twist homolog 1 (Drosophila); TWIST homolog of drosophila; TWIST; Twist1; Twist-1; twist-related protein 1
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