Detects rat TNF-alpha in ELISAs and Western blots. In ELISAs, this antibody shows less than 3% cross-reactivity with recombinant mouse (rm) TNF‑ alpha and less than 0.2% cross-reactivity with rhTNF‑ alpha, rpTNF‑ alpha, and rhTNF‑ beta. In Western blots, this antibody shows 100% cross-reactivity with rmTNF‑ alpha and no cross-reactivity with rfeTNF‑ alpha.
Monoclonal Mouse IgG1 Clone # 45418
Protein A or G purified from hybridoma culture supernatant
E. coli-derived recombinant rat TNF-alpha Accession # P16599
Lyophilized from a 0.2 μm filtered solution in PBS with Trehalose. *Small pack size (SP) is supplied as a 0.2 µm filtered solution in PBS.
<0.10 EU per 1 μg of the antibody by the LAL method.
Rat TNF‑ alpha Biotinylated Antibody (Catalog # BAF510)
Recombinant Rat TNF-alpha Protein (Catalog # 510-RT)
Measured by its ability to neutralize TNF‑ alpha -induced cytotoxicity in the L‑929 mouse fibroblast cell line. Matthews, N. and M.L. Neale (1987) in Lymphokines and Interferons, A Practical Approach. Clemens, M.J. et al. (eds): IRL Press. 221. The Neutralization Dose (ND50) is typically 10-40 µg/mL in the presence of 0.025 ng/mL Recombinant Rat TNF‑ alpha.
Please Note: Optimal dilutions should be determined by each laboratory for each application. General Protocols are available in the Technical Information section on our website.
Cytotoxicity Induced by TNF‑ alpha and Neutralization by Rat TNF‑ alpha Antibody. Recombinant Rat TNF‑ alpha (Catalog # 510-RT) induces cytotoxicity in the the L‑929 mouse fibroblast cell line in a dose-dependent manner (orange line), as measured by crystal violet staining. Cytotoxicity elicited by Recombinant Rat TNF‑ alpha (0.025 ng/mL) is neutralized (green line) by increasing concentrations of Rat TNF‑ alpha Monoclonal Antibody (Catalog # MAB510). The ND50 is typically 10-40 µg/mL in the presence of the metabolic inhibitor actinomycin D (1 µg/mL).
Preparation and Storage
Reconstitute at 0.5 mg/mL in sterile PBS.
The product is shipped at ambient temperature. Upon receipt, store it immediately at the temperature recommended below. *Small pack size (SP) is shipped with polar packs. Upon receipt, store it immediately at -20 to -70 °C
Stability & Storage
Use a manual defrost freezer and avoid repeated freeze-thaw cycles.
12 months from date of receipt, -20 to -70 °C as supplied.
1 month, 2 to 8 °C under sterile conditions after reconstitution.
6 months, -20 to -70 °C under sterile conditions after reconstitution.
Tumor Necrosis Factor Alpha (TNF-alpha ) also known as Cachectin, is the prototypic ligand of the TNF superfamily. It is a pleiotropic molecule that plays a central role in inflammation, apoptosis, and immune system development. TNF-alpha is produced by a wide variety of immune and epithelial cell types (1, 2). Rat TNF-alpha consisits of a 35 amino acid (aa) cytoplasmic domain, a 21 aa transmembrane segment, and a 179 aa extracellular domain (ECD) (3). Within the ECD, rat TNF-alpha shares 94% aa sequence identity with mouse and 69-76% with bovine, canine, cotton rat, equine, feline, human, porcine, and rhesus macaque TNF-alpha. The 26 kDa type 2 transmembrane protein is assembled intracellularly to form a noncovalently linked homotrimer (4). Ligation of this complex induces reverse signaling that promotes lymphocyte co-stimulation but diminishes monocyte responsiveness (5). Cleavage of membrane bound TNF-alpha by TACE/ADAM17 releases a 55 kDa soluble trimeric form of TNF-alpha (6, 7). TNF-alpha trimers bind the ubiquitous TNF RI and the hematopoietic cell-restricted TNF RII, both of which are also expressed as homotrimers (1, 8). TNF-alpha regulates lymphoid tissue development through control of apoptosis (2). It also promotes inflammatory responses by inducing the activation of vascular endothelial cells and macrophages (2). TNF-alpha is a key cytokine in the development of several inflammatory disorders (9). It contributes to the development of type 2 diabetes through its effects on insulin resistance and fatty acid metabolism (10, 11).
Idriss, H.T. and J.H. Naismith (2000) Microsc. Res. Tech. 50:184.
Hehlgans, T. and K. Pfeffer (2005) Immunology 115:1.
Estler, H.C. et al. (1992) Biol. Chem. Hoppe-Seyler 373:271.
Tang, P. et al. (1996) Biochemistry 35:8216.
Eissner G. et al. (2004) Cytokine Growth Factor Rev. 15:353.
Black, R.A. et al. (1997) Nature 385:729.
Moss, M.L. et al. (1997) Nature 385:733.
Loetscher, H. et al. (1991) J. Biol. Chem. 266:18324.
R&D Systems personnel manually curate a database that contains references using R&D Systems products.
The data collected includes not only links to publications in PubMed,
but also provides information about sample types, species, and experimental conditions.
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