Human BMP-3 Antibody

  
  • Species Reactivity
    Human
  • Specificity
    Detects human BMP-3 in direct ELISAs and Western blots. In direct ELISAs, less than 1% cross-reactivity with recombinant human (rh) BMP‑2, rhBMP-4, rhBMP-5, rhBMP-6, and rhBMP-7 is observed. This antibody very weakly recognizes native dimeric BMP-3.
  • Source
    Polyclonal Goat IgG
  • Purification
    Antigen Affinity-purified
  • Immunogen
    E. coli-derived recombinant human BMP‑3
    Ser346-Arg472
    Accession # P12645
  • Formulation
    Lyophilized from a 0.2 μm filtered solution in PBS with Trehalose. *Small pack size (SP) is supplied as a 0.2 µm filtered solution in PBS.
  • Endotoxin Level
    <0.10 EU per 1 μg of the antibody by the LAL method.
  • Label
    Unconjugated
Applications
  •  
    Recommended
    Concentration
    Sample
  • Western Blot
    0.1 µg/mL
    Recombinant Human BMP‑3 (Catalog # 113-BP)
  • Immunohistochemistry
    5-15 µg/mL
    See below
Please Note: Optimal dilutions should be determined by each laboratory for each application. General Protocols are available in the Technical Information section on our website.
Data Examples
Immunohistochemistry
BMP‑3 in Human Prostate Cancer Tissue. BMP‑3 was detected in immersion fixed paraffin-embedded sections of human prostate cancer using 15 µg/mL Goat Anti-Human BMP‑3 Antigen Affinity-purified Polyclonal Antibody (Catalog # AF113) overnight at 4 °C. Tissue was stained with the Anti-Goat HRP-DAB Cell & Tissue Staining Kit (brown; Catalog # CTS008) and counterstained with hematoxylin (blue). View our protocol for Chromogenic IHC Staining of Paraffin-embedded Tissue Sections.
Preparation and Storage
  • Reconstitution
    Reconstitute at 0.2 mg/mL in sterile PBS.
  • Shipping
    The product is shipped at ambient temperature. Upon receipt, store it immediately at the temperature recommended below. *Small pack size (SP) is shipped with polar packs. Upon receipt, store it immediately at -20 to -70 °C
  • Stability & Storage
    Use a manual defrost freezer and avoid repeated freeze-thaw cycles.
    • 12 months from date of receipt, -20 to -70 °C as supplied.
    • 1 month, 2 to 8 °C under sterile conditions after reconstitution.
    • 6 months, -20 to -70 °C under sterile conditions after reconstitution.
Background: BMP-3

BMP-3, also known as osteogenin, the most abundant BMP in adult bone, is one of at least 15 structurally and functionally related BMPs, which are members of the TGF-  beta superfamily (1‑3). BMPs were originally identified as protein regulators of cartilage and bone formation. They have since been shown to be involved in embryogenesis and morphogenesis of various tissues and organs. BMPs also regulate the growth, differentiation, chemotaxis, and apoptosis of various cell types. Similar to most other TGF-beta family proteins, BMPs are highly conserved across animal species. At the amino acid sequence level, mature human and rat BMP-3 are 98% identical. BMP-3 is synthesized as a large precursor protein that is cleaved at the dibasic cleavage site (RXXR) to release the carboxy-terminal domain. Biologically active BMP-3 is a disulfide-linked homodimer of the carboxy-terminal 110 amino acid residues that contains the characteristic seven conserved cysteine residues involved in the formation of the cysteine knot and the single interchain disulfide bond (4). The role of BMP-3 in bone is contradictory since, unlike osteogenin purified from bone, recombinant BMP-3 has not shown osteogenic function (5). Several studies indicate that BMP-3 is an inhibitor of osteogenic BMPs. BMP-3 dorsalizes Xenopus embryos, the opposite effect of BMP-2 or 4, which cause ventralization. BMP-3 inhibits alkaline phosphatase production and induction of osteoblastic target genes in undifferentiated mesenchymal and osteogenic cell lines that have been treated with BMP-2. BMP-3 also induces the expression of TGF‑ beta /activin responsive genes, but not BMP-responsive genes. Since the inhibitory effect is not due to direct competition with osteogenic BMPs, it has been suggested that BMP-3 activates signaling through an activin pathway, resulting in antagonism of osteogenesis induced by other BMPs.

  • References:
    1. Chen, D. et al. (2004) Growth Factors 22:233.
    2. Hino, J. et al. (2004) Front. Biosci. 9:1520.
    3. Bahamonde, M.E. and K.M. Lyons (2001) J. Bone and Joint Surgery 83-A (suppl 1):S156.
    4. Wozney, J.M. et al. (1998) Science 242:1528.
    5. Daluiski, A. et al. (2001) Nature Genetics 27:84.
  • Long Name:
    Bone Morphogenetic Protein 3
  • Entrez Gene IDs:
    651 (Human); 110075 (Mouse); 25667 (Rat)
  • Alternate Names:
    BMP3; BMP-3; BMP3A; BMP-3A; bone morphogenetic protein 3 (osteogenic); bone morphogenetic protein 3; Bone morphogenetic protein 3A; bone morphogenetic protein-3; Osteogenin
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