Human CD28 Antibody

Recombinant Monoclonal Antibody
Catalog # Availability Size / Price Qty
MAB342R-100
MAB342R-SP
Product Details
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Human CD28 Antibody Summary

Species Reactivity
Human
Specificity
Detects human CD28 in direct ELISAs.
Source
Recombinant Monoclonal Mouse IgG1 Clone # 37407R
Purification
Protein A or G purified from cell culture supernatant
Immunogen
S. frugiperda insect ovarian cell line Sf 21-derived recombinant human CD28
Asn19-Pro152
Accession # P10747
Formulation
Lyophilized from a 0.2 μm filtered solution in PBS with Trehalose. *Small pack size (SP) is supplied either lyophilized or as a 0.2 µm filtered solution in PBS.
Endotoxin Level
<0.10 EU per 1 μg of the antibody by the LAL method.
Label
Unconjugated

Applications

Recommended Concentration
Sample
Western Blot
1 µg/mL
Recombinant Human CD28 Fc Chimera (Catalog # 342-CD) under non-reducing conditions only
Agonist Activity
0.2-0.6 µg/mL
Jurkat human acute T cell leukemia cell line

Please Note: Optimal dilutions should be determined by each laboratory for each application. General Protocols are available in the Technical Information section on our website.

Reconstitution Calculator

Reconstitution Calculator

The reconstitution calculator allows you to quickly calculate the volume of a reagent to reconstitute your vial. Simply enter the mass of reagent and the target concentration and the calculator will determine the rest.

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Preparation and Storage

Reconstitution
Reconstitute at 0.5 mg/mL in sterile PBS.
Reconstitution Buffer Available
Reconstitution Buffer 1 (PBS)
Catalog #
Availability
Size / Price
Qty
RB01
Shipping
The product is shipped at ambient temperature. Upon receipt, store it immediately at the temperature recommended below. *Small pack size (SP) is shipped with polar packs. Upon receipt, store it immediately at -20 to -70 °C
Stability & Storage
Use a manual defrost freezer and avoid repeated freeze-thaw cycles.
  • 12 months from date of receipt, -20 to -70 °C as supplied.
  • 1 month, 2 to 8 °C under sterile conditions after reconstitution.
  • 6 months, -20 to -70 °C under sterile conditions after reconstitution.

Background: CD28

CD28 and CTLA-4, together with their ligands, B7-1 and B7-2, constitute one of the dominant costimulatory pathways that regulate T and B cell responses. CD28 and CTLA-4 are structurally homologous molecules that are members of the immunoglobulin (Ig) gene superfamily. Both CD28 and CTLA-4 are composed of a single Ig
V‑like extracellular domain, a transmembrane domain and an intracellular domain. CD28 and CTLA-4 are both expressed on the cell surface as disulfide-linked homodimers or as monomers. The genes encoding these two molecules are closely linked on human chromosome 2 and mouse chromosome 1. Mouse CD28 is expressed constitutively on virtually 100% of mouse T cells and on developing thymocytes. Cell surface expression of mouse CD28 is down-regulated upon ligation of CD28 in the presence of PMA or PHA. In contrast, CTLA-4 is not expressed constitutively but is up-regulated rapidly following T cell activation and CD28 ligation. Cell surface expression of mouse CTLA-4 peaks approximately 48 hours after activation. Although both CTLA-4 and CD28 can bind to the same ligands, CTLA-4 binds to B7-1 and B7-2 with a 20-100 fold higher affinity than CD28. CD28/B7 interaction has been shown to prevent apoptosis of activated T cells via the upregulation of Bcl-xL. CD28 ligation has also been shown to regulate Th1/Th2 differentiation.

References
  1. Lenschow, D.J. et al. (1996) Annu. Rev. Immunol. 14:233.
  2. Hathcock, K.S. and R.J. Hodes (1996) Advances in Immunol. 62:131.
  3. Ward, S.G. (1996) Biochem. J. 318:361.
Entrez Gene IDs
940 (Human); 12487 (Mouse); 102146670 (Cynomolgus Monkey)
Alternate Names
CD28 antigen (Tp44); CD28 antigen; CD28 molecule; CD28; MGC138290; T-cell-specific surface glycoprotein CD28; Tp44

Product Datasheets

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Isotype Controls

Reconstitution Buffers

Secondary Antibodies

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Human CD28 Antibody
By Anonymous on 02/16/2019
Application: Func Sample Tested: Peripheral blood T cells Species: Human

96-well plates were coated with anti-CD3e -/+ AF-342R and incubated with isolated CD8+ T-cells from human PBMCs. Activation was read through intracellular interferon.