Human CD45RO Antibody Summary
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Please Note: Optimal dilutions should be determined by each laboratory for each application. General Protocols are available in the Technical Information section on our website.
Detection of CD45RO in Human PBMC Lymphocytes by Flow Cytometry. CD3+ gated PBMC with CD45RA costain were stained with and either (A) Mouse Anti-Human CD45RO Monoclonal Antibody (Catalog # MAB10642) or (B) Mouse IgG2A Isotype Control (Catalog # MAB003) followed by Allophycocyanin-conjugated Anti-Mouse IgG Secondary Antibody (Catalog # F0101B). View our protocol for Staining Membrane-associated Proteins.
Preparation and Storage
- 12 months from date of receipt, -20 to -70 °C as supplied.
- 1 month, 2 to 8 °C under sterile conditions after reconstitution.
- 6 months, -20 to -70 °C under sterile conditions after reconstitution.
CD45, previously called LCA (leukocyte common antigen), T200, or Ly5 in mice, is member C of the class 1 (receptor‑like) protein tyrosine phosphatase family (PTPRC) (1, 2). It is a variably glycosylated 180-220 kDa transmembrane protein that is abundantly expressed on all nucleated cells of hematopoietic origin (1-3). Multiple splicing isoforms of exon 4 (A), 5 (B), and 6 (C) are expressed according to cell type, developmental stage and antigenic exposure (1-5). The longest form, CD45RABC (called B220 in mouse) is expressed on B lymphocytes, The shortest form, CD45R0, lacking exons 4, 5 and 6 which encode aa 34‑194, is expressed on memory cells, while intermediate sizes are expressed on other T cells (3, 4, 6). Human CD45 has a 40% and 41% sequence identity with mouse and rat respectively. The CD45R0 cDNA encodes 1145 amino acids (aa), including a 25 aa signal sequence, a 391 aa extracellular domain, 21 aa transmembrane sequence, and a 708 aa cytoplasmic domain that contains two phosphatase domains, D1 and D2. Only D1 has phosphatase activity. CD45 has been best studied in T cells, where it determines T cell receptor signaling thresholds (3, 6‑8). CD45 is moved into or out of the immunological synapse (IS) membrane microdomain depending on the relative influence of interaction with the extracellular galectin lattice or the intracellular actin cytoskeleton (9, 10). Galectin interaction can be fine‑tuned by varying usage of the heavily O‑glycosylated spliced regions and sialylation of N‑linked carbohydrates (4, 9). Within the IS, CD45 dephosphorylates and negatively regulates the Src family kinase, Lck (8‑10). In other leukocytes, CD45 influences differentiation and links immunoreceptor signaling with cytokine secretion and cell survival, partially overlapping in function with DEP‑1/CD148 (11‑14). CD45 deletion causes in severe immunodeficiency, while point mutations may be associated with autoimmune disorders (6, 7).
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