Human DNAM-1/CD226 Antibody

Catalog # Availability Size / Price Qty
AF666
AF666-SP
Cell Adhesion Mediated by DNAM-1/CD226 and Neutral­ization by Human DNAM-1/CD226 Antibody.
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Human DNAM-1/CD226 Antibody Summary

Species Reactivity
Human
Specificity
Detects human DNAM-1/CD226 in direct ELISAs and Western blots.
Source
Polyclonal Goat IgG
Purification
Antigen Affinity-purified
Immunogen
Mouse myeloma cell line NS0-derived recombinant human DNAM-1/CD226
Glu19-Asn247
Accession # Q15762
Formulation
Lyophilized from a 0.2 μm filtered solution in PBS with Trehalose. *Small pack size (SP) is supplied as a 0.2 µm filtered solution in PBS.
Endotoxin Level
<0.10 EU per 1 μg of the antibody by the LAL method.
Label
Unconjugated

Applications

Recommended Concentration
Sample
Western Blot
0.1 µg/mL
Recombinant Human DNAM-1/CD226 Fc Chimera (Catalog # 666-DN)
Neutralization
Measured by its ability to neutralize DNAM‑1-mediated adhesion of the COLO 205 human colorectal adenocarcinoma cell line. Shibuya, A. et al. (1996) Immunity 4:573. The Neutralization Dose (ND50) is typically 0.5-1.5 µg/mL in the presence of 20 µg/mL Recombinant Human DNAM-1/CD226 Fc Chimera.

Please Note: Optimal dilutions should be determined by each laboratory for each application. General Protocols are available in the Technical Information section on our website.

Data Example

Neutralization Cell Adhesion Mediated by DNAM-1/CD226 and Neutral­ization by Human DNAM-1/CD226 Antibody. View Larger

Cell Adhesion Mediated by DNAM-1/CD226 and Neutral­ization by Human DNAM-1/
CD226 Antibody.
Recombinant Human DNAM-1/CD226 Fc Chimera (Catalog # 666-DN), immobilized onto a microplate, supports the adhesion of the COLO 205 human colorectal adenocarcinoma cell line in a dose-dependent manner (orange line). Adhesion elicited by Recombinant Human DNAM‑1/CD226 Fc Chimera (20 µg/mL) is neutralized (green line) by increasing concentrations of Goat Anti-Human DNAM‑1/
CD226 Antigen Affinity-purified Polyclonal Antibody (Catalog # AF666). The ND50 is typically
0.5‑1.5 µg/mL.

Reconstitution Calculator

Reconstitution Calculator

The reconstitution calculator allows you to quickly calculate the volume of a reagent to reconstitute your vial. Simply enter the mass of reagent and the target concentration and the calculator will determine the rest.

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Preparation and Storage

Reconstitution
Reconstitute at 0.2 mg/mL in sterile PBS.
Reconstitution Buffer Available
Reconstitution Buffer 1 (PBS)
Catalog #
Availability
Size / Price
Qty
RB01
Shipping
The product is shipped at ambient temperature. Upon receipt, store it immediately at the temperature recommended below. *Small pack size (SP) is shipped with polar packs. Upon receipt, store it immediately at -20 to -70 °C
Stability & Storage
Use a manual defrost freezer and avoid repeated freeze-thaw cycles.
  • 12 months from date of receipt, -20 to -70 °C as supplied.
  • 1 month, 2 to 8 °C under sterile conditions after reconstitution.
  • 6 months, -20 to -70 °C under sterile conditions after reconstitution.

Background: DNAM-1/CD226

DNAX accessory molecule-1 (DNAM-1), also known as CD226, is a 65 kDa type I transmembrane glycoprotein in the immunoglobulin superfamily (1). Mature human DNAM-1 contains a 236 amino acid (aa) extracellular domain (ECD) with two Ig-like C2-set domains and a 61 aa cytoplasmic region that contains motifs for binding PDZ domains and band 4.1 family proteins (1, 2). Within the ECD, human DNAM-1 shares 50% and 52% aa sequence identity with mouse and rat DNAM-1, respectively. DNAM-1 is expressed on multiple lymphoid and myeloid cells and interacts with CD155/PVR and Nectin-2/CD112 (3, 4). Ligation of DNAM-1 promotes the activation of NK cells, CD8+ T cells, and mast cells (2‑6), dendritic cell maturation, megakaryocyte and activated platelet adhesion to vascular endothelial cells, and monocyte extravasation; it inhibits the forrmation of osteoclasts (7‑10). Platelet-endothelium interactions mediated by DNAM-1 enable the metastasis of tumor cells to the lung (11). In activated, but not in resting NK, T, and mast cells, the cis association of DNAM-1 with CD18 contributes to the tyrosine and serine phosphorylation of DNAM-1 during activation (6, 9, 12‑14).

References
  1. Fuchs, A. and M. Colonna (2006) Semin. Cancer Biol. 16:359.
  2. Shibuya, A. et al. (1996) Immunity 4:573.
  3. Bottino, C. et al. (2003) J. Exp. Med. 198:557.
  4. Tahara-Hanaoka, S. et al. (2004) Int. Immunol. 16:533.
  5. Dardalhon, V. et al. (2005) J. Immunol. 175:1558.
  6. Bachelet, I. et al. (2006) J. Biol. Chem. 281:27190.
  7. Reymond, N. et al. (2004) J. Exp. Med. 199:1331.
  8. Kakehi, S. et al. (2007) Mol. Cell. Biochem. 301:209.
  9. Kojima, H. et al. (2003) J. Biol. Chem. 278:36748.
  10. Tahara-Hanaoka, S. et al. (2006) Blood 107:1491.
  11. Morimoto, K. et al. (2007) Oncogene July 16 epub.
  12. Shibuya, K. et al. (1999) Immunity 11:615.
  13. Shibuya, K. et al. (2003) J. Exp. Med. 198:1829.
  14. Shibuya, A. et al. (1998) J. Immunol. 166:1671.
Long Name
DNAX Accessory Molecule 1
Entrez Gene IDs
10666 (Human); 225825 (Mouse); 307199 (Rat); 102117316 (Cynomolgus Monkey)
Alternate Names
CD226 antigenplatelet and T cell activation antigen 1; CD226 molecule; CD226; DNAM1; DNAM-1; DNAM1adhesion glycoprotein; DNAM-1DNAX accessory molecule-1; DNAX accessory molecule 1; PTA1; T lineage-specific activation antigen 1 antigen; TLiSA1

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Isotype Controls

Reconstitution Buffers

Secondary Antibodies

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