|Detection of Human EGF R/ErbB1 by Western Blot. Western blot shows lysates of HeLa human cervical epithelial carcinoma cell line and MDA‑MB‑231 human breast cancer cell line. PVDF membrane was probed with 1 µg/mL of Goat Anti-Human EGF R/ErbB1 Antigen Affinity-purified Polyclonal Antibody (Catalog # AF231) followed by HRP-conjugated Anti-Goat IgG Secondary Antibody (Catalog # HAF017). A specific band was detected for EGF R/ErbB1 at approximately 175 kDa (as indicated). This experiment was conducted under reducing conditions and using Immunoblot Buffer Group 1.|
Detection of EGF R/ErbB1 in A431 Human Cell Line by Flow Cytometry. A431 human epithelial carcinoma cell line was stained with Goat Anti-Human EGF R/ErbB1 Antigen Affinity-purified Polyclonal Antibody (Catalog # AF231, filled histogram) or isotype control antibody (Catalog #|
AB-108-C, open histogram), followed by Phycoerythrin-conjugated Anti-Goat IgG Secondary Antibody (Catalog # F0107). View our protocol for Staining Membrane-associated Proteins.
The epidermal growth factor receptor (EGF R) subfamily of receptor tyrosine kinases comprises four members: EGF R (also known as HER1, ErbB1 or ErbB), ErbB2 (Neu, HER2), ErbB3 (HER3), and ErbB4 (HER4). All family members are type I transmembrane glycoproteins that have an extracellular domain which contains two cysteine-rich domains separated by a spacer region that is involved in ligand binding, and a cytoplasmic domain which has a membrane-proximal tyrosine kinase domain and a C-terminal tail with multiple tyrosine autophosphorylation sites. The human EGF R gene encodes a 1210 amino acid (aa) residue precursor with a 24 aa putative signal peptide, a 621 aa extracellular domain, a 23 aa transmembrane domain, and a 542 aa cytoplasmic domain. EGF R has been shown to bind a subset of the EGF family ligands, including EGF, amphiregulin, TGF-alpha, betacellulin, epiregulin, heparin-binding EGF and neuregulin-2 alpha in the absence of a co-receptor. Ligand binding induces EGF R homodimerization as well as heterodimerization with ErbB2, resulting in kinase activation, tyrosine phosphorylation and cell signaling. EGF R can also be recruited to form heterodimers with the ligand-activated ErbB3 or ErbB4. EGF R signaling has been shown to regulate multiple biological functions including cell proliferation, differentiation, motility and apoptosis. In addition, EGF R signaling has also been shown to play a role in carcinogenesis (1 - 3).
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