Endostatin in Human Kidney. Endostatin was detected in immersion fixed paraffin-embedded sections of human kidney using Goat Anti-Human Endostatin Antigen Affinity-purified Polyclonal Antibody (Catalog # AF1098) at 5 µg/mL overnight at 4 °C. Tissue was stained using the Anti-Goat HRP-DAB Cell & Tissue Staining Kit (brown; Catalog # CTS008) and counterstained with hematoxylin (blue). View our protocol for Chromogenic IHC Staining of immersion fixed paraffin-embedded Tissue Sections.
Preparation and Storage
Reconstitute at 0.2 mg/mL in sterile PBS.
The product is shipped at ambient temperature. Upon receipt, store it immediately at the temperature recommended below. *Small pack size (SP) is shipped with polar packs. Upon receipt, store it immediately at -20 to -70 °C
Stability & Storage
Use a manual defrost freezer and avoid repeated freeze-thaw cycles.
12 months from date of receipt, -20 to -70 °C as supplied.
1 month, 2 to 8 °C under sterile conditions after reconstitution.
6 months, -20 to -70 °C under sterile conditions after reconstitution.
Endostatin is a 20 kDa proteolytic fragment of the C-terminal, non-collagenous (NC1) domain of type XVIII Collagen. It was originally identified as a factor produced by murine hemangioendothelioma cells that could specifically inhibit endothelial cell proliferation and angiogenesis. Although the molecular signals that trigger the release of Endostatin from type XVIII Collagen are not well understood, multiple proteases have been suggested to be involved in its generation including Cathepsins S, B, L, and V, Elastase, and matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs)-2, -7, and -9. Endostatin is of particular interest as it has been shown to inhibit the growth of many primary and metastatic tumors. It may also be involved in down-regulating angiogenesis during physiological processes such as wound healing and the establishment of placental circulation. The anti-angiogenic activity of Endostatin is attributable to its ability to inhibit endothelial cell proliferation and suppress VEGF-and FGF basic-induced endothelial cell migration and adhesion. Many of these effects are thought to be mediated by interactions between Endostatin and endothelial cell-expressed Transglutaminase 2, Heparin, and Integrins alpha 5 beta 1 and alpha V beta 3.
Entrez Gene IDs:
80781 (Human); 12822 (Mouse)
antiangiogenic agent; COL18A1; collagen alpha-1(XVIII) chain; collagen, type XVIII, alpha 1; FLJ27325; FLJ34914; human type XVIII collagen10endostatin; KNO; KNO1MGC74745; Knobloch syndrome, type 1; KS; multi-functional protein MFP
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