Human Fas Ligand/TNFSF6 Antibody Summary
Accession # P48023
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Please Note: Optimal dilutions should be determined by each laboratory for each application. General Protocols are available in the Technical Information section on our website.
Apoptosis Induced by Fas Ligand/TNFSF6 and Neutralization by Human Fas Ligand/TNFSF6 Antibody. Recombinant Human Fas Ligand/ TNFSF6 (Catalog # 126-FL) induces apoptosis in the Jurkat human acute T cell leukemia cell line in a dose-dependent manner (orange line). Apoptosis elicited by Recombinant Human Fas Ligand/TNFSF6 (2 ng/mL) is neutralized (green line) by increasing concentrations of Goat Anti-Human Fas Ligand/ TNFSF6 Polyclonal Antibody (Catalog # AB126). The ND50 is typically 0.05-0.2 µg/mL.
Preparation and Storage
- 12 months from date of receipt, -20 to -70 °C as supplied.
- 1 month, 2 to 8 °C under sterile conditions after reconstitution.
- 6 months, -20 to -70 °C under sterile conditions after reconstitution.
Background: Fas Ligand/TNFSF6
Fas Ligand (FasL), also known as CD178, CD95L, or TNFSF6, is a 40 kDa type II transmembrane member of the TNF superfamily of proteins. Its ability to induce apoptosis in target cells plays an important role in the development, homeostasis, and function of the immune system (1). Mature human Fas Ligand consists of a 179 amino acid (aa) extracellular domain (ECD), a 22 aa transmembrane segment, and a 80 aa cytoplasmic domain (2). Within the ECD, human Fas Ligand shares 81% and 78% aa sequence identity with mouse and rat Fas Ligand, respectively. Both mouse and human Fas Ligand are active on mouse and human cells (2, 3). Fas Ligand is expressed on the cell surface as a nondisulfide-linked homotrimer on activated CD4+ Th1 cells, CD8+ cytotoxic T cells, and NK cells (1). Fas Ligand binding to Fas/CD95 on an adjacent cell triggers apoptosis in the Fas‑expressing cell (2, 4). Fas Ligand also binds DcR3 which is a soluble decoy receptor that interferes with Fas Ligand-induced apoptosis (5). Fas Ligand can be released from the cell surface by metalloproteinases as a 26 kDa soluble molecule which remains trimeric (6, 7). Shed Fas Ligand retains the ability to bind Fas, although its ability to trigger apoptosis is dramatically reduced (6, 7). In the absence of TGF‑ beta, however, Fas Ligand/Fas interactions instead promote neutrophil-mediated inflammatory responses (3, 8). Fas Ligand itself transmits reverse signals that costimulate the proliferation of freshly antigen-stimulated T cells (9). Fas Ligand-induced apoptosis plays a central role in the development of immune tolerance and the maintance of immune privileged sites (10). This function is exploited by tumor cells which evade immune surveillance by upregulating Fas Ligand to kill tumor infiltrating lymphocytes (8, 11). In gld mice, a Fas Ligand point mutation is the cause of severe lymphoproliferation and systemic autoimmunity (12, 13).
- Lettau, M. et al. (2008) Curr. Med. Chem. 15:1684.
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- Pitti, R.M. et al. (1998) Nature 396:699.
- Schneider, P. et al. (1998) J. Exp. Med. 187:1205.
- Tanaka, M. et al. (1998) Nature Med. 4:31.
- Chen, J-J. et al. (1998) Science 282:1714.
- Suzuki, I. and P.J. Fink (2000) Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. 97:1707.
- Ferguson, T.A. and T.S. Griffith (2006) Immunol. Rev. 213:228.
- Ryan, A.E. et al. (2005) Cancer Res. 65:9817.
- Takahashi, T. et al. (1994) Cell 76:969.
- Lynch, D.H. et al. (1994) Immunity 1:131.
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