Human IL-31 Antibody

Catalog # Availability Size / Price Qty
MAB28241
MAB28241-SP
Product Details
Citations (1)
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Human IL-31 Antibody Summary

Species Reactivity
Human
Specificity
Detects human IL‑31 in direct ELISAs and Western blots. In direct ELISAs and Western blots, no cross-reactivity with recombinant mouse IL‑31 is observed.
Source
Monoclonal Mouse IgG1 Clone # 308202
Purification
Protein A or G purified from hybridoma culture supernatant
Immunogen
E. coli-derived recombinant human IL-31
Ser24-Thr164
Accession # Q6EBC2
Formulation
Lyophilized from a 0.2 μm filtered solution in PBS with Trehalose. *Small pack size (SP) is supplied as a 0.2 µm filtered solution in PBS.
Label
Unconjugated

Applications

Recommended Concentration
Sample
Western Blot
1 µg/mL
Recombinant Human IL‑31 (Catalog # 2824-IL)
Immunocytochemistry
8-25 µg/mL
Immersion fixed human peripheral blood mononuclear cells

Please Note: Optimal dilutions should be determined by each laboratory for each application. General Protocols are available in the Technical Information section on our website.

Reconstitution Calculator

Reconstitution Calculator

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Preparation and Storage

Reconstitution
Reconstitute at 0.5 mg/mL in sterile PBS.
Reconstitution Buffer Available
Reconstitution Buffer 1 (PBS)
Catalog #
Availability
Size / Price
Qty
RB01
Shipping
The product is shipped at ambient temperature. Upon receipt, store it immediately at the temperature recommended below. *Small pack size (SP) is shipped with polar packs. Upon receipt, store it immediately at -20 to -70 °C
Stability & Storage
Use a manual defrost freezer and avoid repeated freeze-thaw cycles.
  • 12 months from date of receipt, -20 to -70 °C as supplied.
  • 1 month, 2 to 8 °C under sterile conditions after reconstitution.
  • 6 months, -20 to -70 °C under sterile conditions after reconstitution.

Background: IL-31

Human Interleukin-31 (IL-31) is a 24 kDa, short-chain member of the alpha -helical family of cytokines. The human IL-31 cDNA encodes a 164 amino acid (aa) precursor that contains a 23 aa signal peptide and a 141 aa mature protein (1, 2). The mature region shows four alpha ‑helices which would be expected to show a typical up‑up‑down‑down topology. Human and mouse IL-31 share 24% aa sequence identity in the mature region (1). IL-31 is mainly associated with activated T cells and preferentially expressed by Th2 rather than Th1 cells. IL-31 signals via a heterodimeric receptor complex composed of a 120 kDa, gp130-related molecule termed IL‑31 RA (also GPL and GLM‑R) and the 180 kDa oncostatin M receptor (OSM R beta ) (2‑6). In the complex, IL-31 directly binds to GPL, not OSM R (2, 3). IL-31 signaling has been shown to involve the Jak/STAT pathway, the PI3 kinase/AKT cascade, and the MAP kinase pathway (2‑5). Although multiple isoforms of IL-31 RA are known, only a form that contains the entire length of the cytoplasmic domain is signaling-capable (2, 3). The IL-31 receptor is constitutively expressed by keratinocytes and up‑regulated by IFN-gamma on monocytes (1). Studies using transgenic mice indicate that IL-31 may contribute to the pruritis (itching) associated with nonatopic dermatitis (1, 7).

References
  1. Dillon, S.R. et al. (2004) Nat. Immunol. 5:752.
  2. Diveu, C. et al. (2004) Eur. Cytokine Netw. 15:291.
  3. Dreuw, A. et al. (2004) J. Biol. Chem. 279:36112.
  4. Diveu, C. et al. (2003) J. Biol. Chem. 278:49850.
  5. Ghilardi, N. et al. (2002) J. Biol. Chem 277:16831.
  6. Mosley, B. et al. (1996) J. Biol. Chem. 271:32635.
  7. Takaoka, A. et al. (2005) Eur. J. Pharmacol. 516:180.
Long Name
Interleukin 31
Entrez Gene IDs
386653 (Human); 76399 (Mouse)
Alternate Names
IL31; IL-31; IL-31interleukin-31; interleukin 31

Product Datasheets

Citation for Human IL-31 Antibody

R&D Systems personnel manually curate a database that contains references using R&D Systems products. The data collected includes not only links to publications in PubMed, but also provides information about sample types, species, and experimental conditions.

1 Citation: Showing 1 - 1

  1. IL-31 expression by inflammatory cells is preferentially elevated in atopic dermatitis.
    Authors: Nobbe S, Dziunycz P, Muhleisen B, Bilsborough J, Dillon SR, French LE, Hofbauer GF
    Acta Derm. Venereol., 2012;92(1):24-8.
    Species: Human
    Sample Types: Whole Tissue
    Applications: IHC-P

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