Human/Mouse Neurturin Antibody

(3 citations)   
  • Species Reactivity
    Human, Mouse
  • Specificity
    Detects human and mouse Neurturin in direct ELISAs and Western blots.
  • Source
    Polyclonal Goat IgG
  • Purification
    Antigen Affinity-purified
  • Immunogen
    E. coli-derived recombinant mouse Neurturin
  • Formulation
    Lyophilized from a 0.2 μm filtered solution in PBS with Trehalose. *Small pack size (SP) is supplied as a 0.2 µm filtered solution in PBS.
  • Endotoxin Level
    <0.10 EU per 1 μg of the antibody by the LAL method.
  • Label
    Unconjugated
Applications
  •  
    Recommended
    Concentration
    Sample
  • Western Blot
    0.1 µg/mL
    Recombinant Human Neurturin (Catalog # 1297-NE)
    Recombinant Mouse Neurturin (Catalog # 477-MN)
  • Immunohistochemistry
    5-15 µg/mL
    See below
  • Blockade of Receptor-ligand Interaction
    In a functional ELISA, 0.05-0.15 µg/mL of this antibody will block 50% of the binding of 50 ng/mL of Recombinant Human Neurturin (Catalog # 387-NE) to immobilized Recombinant Human GFR alpha -2 Fc Chimera (Catalog # 613-FR) coated at 1 µg/mL (100 µL/well). At 2 μg/mL, this antibody will block >90% of the binding.
Please Note: Optimal dilutions should be determined by each laboratory for each application. General Protocols are available in the Technical Information section on our website.
Data Examples
Immunohistochemistry
Neurturin in Mouse Embryo. Neurturin was detected in immersion fixed frozen sections of mouse embryo (13 d.p.c.) using Goat Anti-Human/Mouse Neurturin Antigen Affinity-purified Polyclonal Antibody (Catalog # AF477) at 15 µg/mL overnight at 4 °C. Tissue was stained using the Anti-Goat HRP-DAB Cell & Tissue Staining Kit  (brown; Catalog # CTS008) and counterstained with hematoxylin (blue). Specific staining was localized to developing muscle cells. View our protocol for Chromogenic IHC Staining of Frozen Tissue Sections.
Preparation and Storage
  • Reconstitution
    Reconstitute at 0.2 mg/mL in sterile PBS.
  • Shipping
    The product is shipped at ambient temperature. Upon receipt, store it immediately at the temperature recommended below. *Small pack size (SP) is shipped with polar packs. Upon receipt, store it immediately at -20 to -70 °C
  • Stability & Storage
    Use a manual defrost freezer and avoid repeated freeze-thaw cycles.
    • 12 months from date of receipt, -20 to -70 °C as supplied.
    • 1 month, 2 to 8 °C under sterile conditions after reconstitution.
    • 6 months, -20 to -70 °C under sterile conditions after reconstitution.
Background: Neurturin

Neurturin is a member of the GDNF family of ligands, which include glial cell-derived neurotrophic factor (GDNF), Neurturin, Persephin, and Artemin. GDNF family proteins are distant members of the Transforming Growth Factor beta (TGF-beta ) superfamily (1 - 4). Similar to other TGF-beta family proteins, Neurturin is synthesized as a precursor protein that is cleaved at the dibasic cleavage site (RXXR) to release the carboxy-terminal domain. The carboxy-terminal domain of Neurturin contains the characteristic seven conserved cysteine residues necessary for the formation of the cysteine knot and the single interchain disulfide bond. Biologically active Neurturin is a disulfide-linked homodimer of the carboxy-terminal 100 amino acid residues. Mature mouse Neurturin shares 91% amino acid sequence similarity with human Neurturin. Mature Neurturin also shares about 40% similarities with the other three members of the GDNF family ligands (2, 5). Unlike other members of TGF-beta family, bioactivities of all GDNF family ligands are mediated through a unique multicomponent receptor complex composed of high affinity ligand binding component (GFR alpha -1 - GFR alpha -4) and a common signaling component (cRET receptor tyrosine kinase). Each member of the GDNF family ligands has its preferred binding protein. Neurturin preferentially binds to GFR alpha -2 but can also bind GFR alpha -1 at higher concentration (5 - 8). Neurturin has been shown to promote the survival of a variety of neurons including sympathetic, sensory, and central nervous system neurons. Neurturin is expressed in both neuronal and non-neuronal tissues. It may play a role in regulating the development and maintenance of the central and peripheral nervous systems as well as non-neuronal systems (9).

  • References:
    1. Lin, L-FH. et al. (1993) Science 260:1130.
    2. Kotzbauer, P.T. et al. (1996) Nature 384:467.
    3. Milbrandt, J. et al. (1998) Neuron 20:245.
    4. Baloh, R.H. et al. (1998) Neuron 21:1291.
    5. Takahashi, M. (2001) Cytokine and Growth Factor Reviews 12:361.
    6. Baloh, R.H. et al. (1997) Neuron 18:793.
    7. Jing, S. et al. (1996) Cell 85:1113.
    8. Jing, S. et al. (1997) J. Biol. Chem. 272:33111.
    9. Airaksinen, M. and M. Saarma (2002) Nature Review Neuroscience 3:383.
  • Entrez Gene IDs:
    4902 (Human); 18188 (Mouse)
  • Alternate Names:
    Neurturin; NRTN; NTN
Related Research Areas
Citations:

R&D Systems personnel manually curate a database that contains references using R&D Systems products. The data collected includes not only links to publications in PubMed, but also provides information about sample types, species, and experimental conditions.

3 Citations: Showing 1 - 3
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Species
Applications
Sample Type
  1. The neurotrophic factor receptor RET drives haematopoietic stem cell survival and function.
    Authors: Fonseca-Pereira D, Arroz-Madeira S, Rodrigues-Campos M, Barbosa I, Domingues R, Bento T, Almeida A, Ribeiro H, Potocnik A, Enomoto H, Veiga-Fernandes H
    Nature, 2014;514(7520):98-101.
    Species: Mouse
    Sample Type: Whole Cells
    Application: ICC Fluorescence
  2. Parasympathetic stimulation improves epithelial organ regeneration.
    Authors: Knox, Sarah M, Lombaert, Isabelle, Haddox, Candace, Abrams, Shaun R, Cotrim, Ana, Wilson, Adrian J, Hoffman, Matthew
    Nat Commun, 2013;4(0):1494.
  3. Pharmacokinetics and bioactivity of glial cell line-derived factor (GDNF) and neurturin (NTN) infused into the rat brain.
    Authors: Hadaczek P, Johnston L, Forsayeth J, Bankiewicz KS
    Neuropharmacology, 2010;58(7):1114-21.
    Species: Rat
    Sample Type: Whole Tissue
    Application: IHC Frozen
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