S100A7 in Human Skin. S100A7 was detected in immersion fixed paraffin-embedded sections of human skin (hair follicle) using Mouse Anti-Human S100A7 Monoclonal Antibody (Catalog # MAB4475) at 15 µg/mL overnight at|
4 °C. Before incubation with the primary antibody, tissue was subjected to heat-induced epitope retrieval using Antigen Retrieval Reagent-Basic (Catalog # CTS013). Tissue was stained using the Anti-Mouse HRP-DAB Cell & Tissue Staining Kit (brown; Catalog # CTS002) and counterstained with hematoxylin (blue). Specific staining was localized to hair follicle. View our protocol for Chromogenic IHC Staining of Paraffin-embedded Tissue Sections.
S100A7 (also Psoriasin) is an 11-13 kDa member of the S101 family, EF-hand superfamily of Ca-binding proteins. It is produced by keratinocytes and exists as both an intracellular and extracellular polypeptide. Intercellularly, it binds to E/FABP and may participate in fatty acid metabolism. Extracellularly, it is both monomeric and heterooligomeric and exhibits antibacterial properties. Human S100A7 is 101 amino acids (aa) in length. It contains two EF-hand motifs (aa 13-48 and 50-85), three zinc-binding His residues, one high-affinity Ca-binding site (aa 63-74) and an overlapping antibacterial sequence (aa 35-80). There appear to be no meaningful rodent structural orthologs. Human S100A7 is 93% aa identical to human S100A15/7A, and the S100A7 gene has a duplication (S100A7B) that is 54% aa identical to S100A7.
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