Human TIM-3 Antibody

Recombinant Monoclonal Antibody
Catalog # Availability Size / Price Qty
MAB22951-100
MAB22951-SP
4‑1BB Ligand/TNFSF9  in Human Crohn's Disease Intestine.
1 Image
Product Details
Citations (3)
FAQs
Supplemental Products
Reviews

Human TIM-3 Antibody Summary

Species Reactivity
Human
Specificity
Detects human 4‑1BB Ligand/TNFSF9 in direct ELISAs.
Source
Monoclonal Rabbit IgG Clone # 2357C
Purification
Protein A or G purified from hybridoma culture supernatant
Immunogen
E. coli-derived recombinant human 4‑1BB Ligand/TNFSF9
Arg71-Glu254
Accession # P41273.1
Formulation
Lyophilized from a 0.2 μm filtered solution in PBS with Trehalose. *Small pack size (SP) is supplied as a 0.2 µm filtered solution in PBS.
Label
Unconjugated

Applications

Recommended Concentration
Sample
Immunohistochemistry
3-25 µg/mL
See below

Please Note: Optimal dilutions should be determined by each laboratory for each application. General Protocols are available in the Technical Information section on our website.

Data Example

Immunohistochemistry 4‑1BB Ligand/TNFSF9  in Human Crohn's Disease Intestine. View Larger

4‑1BB Ligand/TNFSF9 in Human Crohn's Disease Intestine. 4‑1BB Ligand/TNFSF9 was detected in immersion fixed paraffin-embedded sections of human Crohn's disease intestine using Rabbit Anti-Human 4‑1BB Ligand/TNFSF9 Monoclonal Antibody (Catalog # MAB22951) at 3 µg/mL overnight at 4 °C. Before incubation with the primary antibody, tissue was subjected to heat-induced epitope retrieval using Antigen Retrieval Reagent-Basic (Catalog # CTS013). Tissue was stained using the Anti-Sheep HRP-DAB Cell & Tissue Staining Kit (brown; Catalog # CTS019) and counterstained with hematoxylin (blue). Specific staining was localized to cytoplasm. View our protocol for Chromogenic IHC Staining of Paraffin-embedded Tissue Sections.

Reconstitution Calculator

Reconstitution Calculator

The reconstitution calculator allows you to quickly calculate the volume of a reagent to reconstitute your vial. Simply enter the mass of reagent and the target concentration and the calculator will determine the rest.

=
÷

Preparation and Storage

Reconstitution
Reconstitute at 0.5 mg/mL in sterile PBS.
Reconstitution Buffer Available
Reconstitution Buffer 1 (PBS)
Catalog #
Availability
Size / Price
Qty
RB01
Shipping
The product is shipped at ambient temperature. Upon receipt, store it immediately at the temperature recommended below. *Small pack size (SP) is shipped with polar packs. Upon receipt, store it immediately at -20 to -70 °C
Stability & Storage
Use a manual defrost freezer and avoid repeated freeze-thaw cycles.
  • 12 months from date of receipt, -20 to -70 °C as supplied.
  • 1 month, 2 to 8 °C under sterile conditions after reconstitution.
  • 6 months, -20 to -70 °C under sterile conditions after reconstitution.

Background: TIM-3

4-1BB Ligand (4-1BBL; also CD137L) is a 32 kDa type II transmembrane protein that belongs to the TNF superfamily (TNFSF) molecules (1‑4). The human 4-1BBL cDNA encodes a 254 amino acid (aa) protein that contains a 25 aa N-terminal cytoplasmic domain, a 23 aa transmembrane segment, and a 206 aa C-terminal extracellular region (5). The extracellular domain (ECD) of 4-1BBL has a jelly-roll, beta -sandwich tertiary structure that is similar to other TNFSF members. There is only one cysteine in the human ECD, and no potential N-linked glycosylation sites. The potential exists, however, for O-linked glycosylation. The human 4-1BBL ECD shares 32% and 35% aa identity with mouse and rat ECD, respectively. In the cytoplasmic domain, human 4-1BBL is 55 aa shorter than the equivalent region in rodents. 4-1BBL is expressed by activated B cells, macrophages, dendritic cells, activated T cells, neurons and astrocytes (2, 3, 6). A bioactive 26 kDa soluble form of 4-1BBL, presumably generated by MMP cleavage, occurs in humans (4). Human 4-1BBL signals through both CD137/4-1BB and itself. Its cytoplasmic tail participates in reverse signaling that induces apoptosis in T cells and cytokine secretion (IL-6; TNF-alpha ) by monocytes (7, 8). 4-1BBL binding to CD137/4-1BB produces a number of effects. It seems to play a key role in the T cell recall response. It maintains T cell numbers at the end of a primary response, and induces CD4+ and CD8+ T cells to proliferate and secrete cytokines such as IL-2 and IFN-gamma in CD4+ cells, and IFN-gamma in CD8+ cells (9, 10).

References
  1. Kwon, B. et al. (2003) Exp. Mol. Med. 35:8.
  2. Salih, H.R. et al. (2002) Int. J. Clin. Pharmacol. Ther. 40:348.
  3. Vinay, D.S. and B.S. Kwon (1998) Semin. Immunol. 1:481.
  4. Salih, H.R. et al. (2001) J. Immunol. 167:4059.
  5. Alderson, M.R. et al. (1994) Eur. J. Immunol. 24:2219.
  6. Reali, C. et al. (2003) J. Neurosci. Res. 74:67.
  7. Michel, J. et al. (1999) Immunology 98:42.
  8. Langstein, J. et al. (1998) J. Immunol. 160:2488.
  9. Wen, T. et al. (2002) J. Immunol. 168:4897.
  10. Dawicki, W. and T.H. Watts (2004) Eur. J. Immunol. 34:743.
Long Name
T Cell Immunoglobulin Mucin-3
Entrez Gene IDs
84868 (Human); 171285 (Mouse); 102141722 (Cynomolgus Monkey)
Alternate Names
CD366; FLJ14428; HAVCR2; HAVcr-2; hepatitis A virus cellular receptor 2; kidney injury molecule-3; T cell immunoglobulin mucin 3; T cell immunoglobulin mucin-3; T-cell immunoglobulin and mucin domain-containing protein 3; TIM 3; TIM3 T-cell membrane protein 3; TIM3; TIM-3; TIMD-3; TIMD3KIM-3

Product Datasheets

Citations for Human TIM-3 Antibody

R&D Systems personnel manually curate a database that contains references using R&D Systems products. The data collected includes not only links to publications in PubMed, but also provides information about sample types, species, and experimental conditions.

3 Citations: Showing 1 - 3
Filter your results:

Filter by:

  1. Frontline Science: Tim-3-mediated dysfunctional engulfment of apoptotic cells in SLE
    Authors: D Zhao, M Guo, B Liu, Q Lin, T Xie, Q Zhang, X Jia, Q Shu, X Liang, L Gao, C Ma
    J. Leukoc. Biol., 2017;0(0):.
    Species: Human
    Sample Types: Plasma
    Applications: Immunoprecipitation
  2. Tim-3 is a Marker of Plasmacytoid Dendritic Cell Dysfunction during HIV Infection and Is Associated with the Recruitment of IRF7 and p85 into Lysosomes and with the Submembrane Displacement of TLR9
    Authors: JA Schwartz, KL Clayton, S Mujib, H Zhang, AK Rahman, J Liu, FY Yue, E Benko, C Kovacs, MA Ostrowski
    J. Immunol, 2017;0(0):.
    Species: Human
    Sample Types: Whole Cells
    Applications: Neutralization
  3. Human Galectin-9 Is a Potent Mediator of HIV Transcription and Reactivation
    Authors: Mohamed Abdel-Mohs
    PLoS Pathog, 2016;12(6):e1005677.
    Species: Human
    Sample Types: Whole Cells
    Applications: Agonistic Activity

FAQs

No product specific FAQs exist for this product, however you may

View all Antibody FAQs

Reviews for Human TIM-3 Antibody

There are currently no reviews for this product. Be the first to review Human TIM-3 Antibody and earn rewards!

Have you used Human TIM-3 Antibody?

Submit a review and receive an Amazon gift card.

$25/€18/£15/$25CAN/¥75 Yuan/¥1250 Yen for a review with an image

$10/€7/£6/$10 CAD/¥70 Yuan/¥1110 Yen for a review without an image

Submit a Review