Mouse VEGF-B167/186 Antibody

Catalog # Availability Size / Price Qty
AF590
AF590-SP
Product Details
Citations (1)
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Mouse VEGF-B167/186 Antibody Summary

Species Reactivity
Mouse
Specificity
Detects mouse VEGF-B167 and mouse VEGF-B186 in direct ELISAs and Western blots. In direct ELISAs, approximately 40% cross-reactivity with rhVEGF-B186 is observed, 15% cross-reactivity with rhVEGF-B167 is observed and less than 1% cross-reactivity with rmVEGF164, rhVEGF-C and rmVEGF-D is observed.
Source
Polyclonal Goat IgG
Purification
Antigen Affinity-purified
Immunogen
E. coli-derived recombinant mouse VEGF-B186
Pro22-Ala107
Accession # P49766
Formulation
Lyophilized from a 0.2 μm filtered solution in PBS with Trehalose. *Small pack size (SP) is supplied as a 0.2 µm filtered solution in PBS.
Endotoxin Level
<0.10 EU per 1 μg of the antibody by the LAL method.

Applications

Recommended Concentration
Sample
Western Blot
0.1 µg/mL
Recombinant Mouse VEGF-B167 (Catalog # 2595-VE)
Recombinant Mouse VEGF-B186 (Catalog # 767-VE)
Blockade of Receptor-ligand Interaction
In a functional ELISA, 0.04-0.1 µg/mL of this antibody will block 50% of the binding of 5 ng/mL of Recombinant Mouse VEGF-B186 (Catalog # 767-VE) to immobilized Recombinant Human VEGF R1/Flt-1 Fc Chimera (Catalog # 321-FL) coated at 4 µg/mL (100 µL/well). This antibody can also block the binding of Recombinant Mouse VEGF-B167 (Catalog # 2595-VE) to immobilized Neuropilin‑1 Fc Chimera.
 

Please Note: Optimal dilutions should be determined by each laboratory for each application. General Protocols are available in the Technical Information section on our website.

Reconstitution Calculator

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Preparation and Storage

Reconstitution
Reconstitute at 0.2 mg/mL in sterile PBS.
Reconstitution Buffer Available
Reconstitution Buffer 1 (PBS)
Catalog #
Availability
Size / Price
Qty
RB01
Shipping
The product is shipped at ambient temperature. Upon receipt, store it immediately at the temperature recommended below. *Small pack size (SP) is shipped with polar packs. Upon receipt, store it immediately at -20 to -70 °C
Stability & Storage
Use a manual defrost freezer and avoid repeated freeze-thaw cycles.
  • 12 months from date of receipt, -20 to -70 °C as supplied.
  • 1 month, 2 to 8 °C under sterile conditions after reconstitution.
  • 6 months, -20 to -70 °C under sterile conditions after reconstitution.

Background: VEGF-B

Vascular endothelial growth factor B (VEGF-B; also known as VFR) is a member of the VEGF-PDGF supergene family of growth factor molecules (1 - 4). Five mouse members have been identified, including VEGF-A, -B, -C, -D, and PlGF(-2) (1, 5). VEGF family members are disulfide-linked homo- and heterodimeric proteins that are important regulators of vasculogenesis and lymphangiogenesis. Mouse VEGF-B has two isoforms, a 32 kDa single chain and a 21 kDa single chain form (6, 7). The long form (VEGF-B186) is 207 amino acids (aa) in length, with a 21 aa signal sequence and a 186 aa mature region. The short form (VEGF-B167) is 188 aa in length, with a 21 aa signal sequence and a 167 aa mature segment. Each mature isoform shows the same N-terminal 94 aa that contains a cysteine knot VEGF homology domain (6 - 8). VEGF-B186 is O-glycosylated; VEGF-B167 is not. VEGF-B167 binds heparin; VEGF-B186 does not. Thus, VEGF-B186 is secreted and freely diffusible in tissues (7). However, the VEGF-B167 isoform is the predominant form in tissue (9). Mouse VEGF-B186 is 93% and 87% aa identical to bovine and human VEGF-B186, respectively; mouse VEGF-B167 is 90% and 88% aa identical to bovine and human VEGF-B167, respectively. The mouse VEGF-B167 homodimer is 42 kDa in size, while the VEGF-B186 homodimer is 62 kDa in size. Unlike VEGF167, VEGF-B186 undergoes proteolytic processing that creates a partially processed 48 kDa homodimer and a fully processed 32 kDa homodimer. Processing appears to occur at Arg127 of the mature form (10). Both forms of VEGF-B can heterodimerize with VEGF (7). Both VEGF-B isoforms bind to VEGF receptor 1 (VEGF R1), but not VEGF R2 or VEGF R3 (11). VEGF-B167 also binds neuropilin-1, but only the 127 aa processed form of VEGF-B186 binds neuropilin-1 (10). As a dimer, full length VEGF-B186 does not interact with neuropilin-1, while any dimer that contains the processed VEGF-B127 subunit will interact with neuropilin-1 (10). The importance of differential neuropilin binding is unclear. VEGF-B deficient mice display an atrial conduction deficit (12). On endothelial cells, ligation of VEGF R1 by VEGF-B has been shown to regulate the expression and activity of urokinase type plasminogen activator and plasminogen activator inhibitor 1 (11).

References
  1. Li, X. and U. Eriksson (2001) Int. J. Biochem Cell Biol. 33:421.
  2. Olofsson, B. et al. (1999) Curr. Opin. Biotechnol. 10:528.
  3. Clauss, M. (2000) Semin. Thromb. Hemost. 26:561.
  4. Matsumoto, T. and L. Claesson-Welsh (2001) Sci STKE Dec. 11(112):RE21.
  5. DiPalma, T. et al. (1996) Mamm. Genome 7:6.
  6. Olofsson, B. et al. (1996) Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 93:2576.
  7. Olofsson, B. et al. (1996) J. Biol. Chem. 271:19310.
  8. Twonson, S. et al. (1996) Biochem. Biophys. Res. Commun. 220:922.
  9. Li, X. et al. (2001) Growth Factors 19:49.
  10. Makinen, T. et al. (1999) J. Biol. Chem. 274:21217.
  11. Olofsson, B. et al. (1998) Proc. Nat. Acad. Sci. USA 95:11709.
  12. Aase, K. et al. (2001) Circulation 104:358.
Long Name
Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor B
Entrez Gene IDs
7423 (Human); 22339 (Mouse)
Alternate Names
vascular endothelial growth factor B; VEGFB; VEGF-B; VEGF-related factor; VRFVEGFL

Product Datasheets

Citation for Mouse VEGF-B167/186 Antibody

R&D Systems personnel manually curate a database that contains references using R&D Systems products. The data collected includes not only links to publications in PubMed, but also provides information about sample types, species, and experimental conditions.

1 Citation: Showing 1 - 1

  1. Novel role for vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) receptor-1 and its ligand VEGF-B in motor neuron degeneration.
    Authors: Poesen K, Lambrechts D, Van Damme P, Dhondt J, Bender F, Frank N, Bogaert E, Claes B, Heylen L, Verheyen A, Raes K, Tjwa M, Eriksson U, Shibuya M, Nuydens R, Van Den Bosch L, Meert T, D'Hooge R, Sendtner M, Robberecht W, Carmeliet P
    J. Neurosci., 2008;28(42):10451-9.
    Species: Rat
    Sample Types: Whole Tissue
    Applications: IHC-Fr

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