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Neural Cells

Neural cells are frequently identified and visualized by detecting cell-specific surface and intracellular markers. Explore this section of our interactive resource tool to view the markers that are most commonly used to distinguish different neural cell types and neuronal structures.

Astrocytes

Astrocytes are the most prevalent glial cell in the CNS. Their main role is to provide neurotrophic support and maintain CNS homeostasis; however, they are also involved in many neural functions and affect multiple complex behaviors.

Astrocyte Markers

Microglia

Microglia, the primary immune cells of the CNS, induce neuroinflammation. Activated microglia acquire different phenotypes and have different roles in neuroinflammation. On the other hand, steady-state microglia are believed to be critical for CNS development and homeostasis.

See All Microglia

Microglia Activation State Markers

Microglia Steady-State Markers

Neurons

Neurons, the fundamental unit of the nervous systems, are responsible for receiving internal and external sensory input, and implementing our complex bodily functions and behaviors. They can be classified a multiple of ways including by structure, function, connection, electrical properties, and neurotransmitter expression.

See All Neurons

Cholinergic Neuronal Markers

Dopaminergic Neuronal Markers

GABAergic Neuronal Markers

Glutamatergic Neuronal Markers

Glycinergic Neuronal Markers

Neurons - General Markers

Neurons – Structural Markers

Serotonergic Neuronal Markers

Oligodendrocytes

Oligodendrocytes are the glial cells responsible for myelinating axons in the CNS. They arise from precursor cells that undergo a progression of complex stages of proliferation, migration, differentiation, and maturation to produce the myelin sheath.

Oligodendrocytes - Maturation Stage Markers