Human APP695+1 Antibody

  
  • Species Reactivity
    Human
  • Specificity
    Detects human APP695+1 in direct ELISAs and Western blots.
  • Source
    Polyclonal Goat IgG
  • Purification
    Antigen Affinity-purified
  • Immunogen
    S. frugiperda insect ovarian cell line Sf 21-derived recombinant human APP695+1 frameshift mutant
    Met1-Arg336
    Accession # NP_958817
  • Formulation
    Lyophilized from a 0.2 μm filtered solution in PBS with Trehalose. *Small pack size (SP) is supplied as a 0.2 µm filtered solution in PBS.
  • Endotoxin Level
    <0.30 EU per 1 μg of the antibody by the LAL method.
  • Label
    Unconjugated
Applications
  •  
    Recommended
    Concentration
    Sample
  • Western Blot
    0.1 µg/mL
    Recombinant Human APP695+1
  • Immunohistochemistry
    5-15 µg/mL
    See below
Please Note: Optimal dilutions should be determined by each laboratory for each application. General Protocols are available in the Technical Information section on our website.
Data Examples
Immunohistochemistry
APP695+1 in Human Brain. APP695+1 was detected in immersion fixed paraffin-embedded sections of human Alzheimer's brain using Goat Anti-Human APP695+1 Antigen Affinity-purified Polyclonal Antibody (Catalog # AF890) at 10 µg/mL overnight at 4 °C. Before incubation with the primary antibody, tissue was subjected to heat-induced epitope retrieval using Antigen Retrieval Reagent-Basic (Catalog # CTS013). Tissue was stained using the Anti-Goat HRP-DAB Cell & Tissue Staining Kit (brown; Catalog # CTS008) and counterstained with hematoxylin (blue). Specific staining was localized to cytoplasm. View our protocol for Chromogenic IHC Staining of Paraffin-embedded Tissue Sections.
Preparation and Storage
  • Reconstitution
    Reconstitute at 0.2 mg/mL in sterile PBS.
  • Shipping
    The product is shipped at ambient temperature. Upon receipt, store it immediately at the temperature recommended below. *Small pack size (SP) is shipped with polar packs. Upon receipt, store it immediately at -20 to -70 °C
  • Stability & Storage
    Use a manual defrost freezer and avoid repeated freeze-thaw cycles.
    • 12 months from date of receipt, -20 to -70 °C as supplied.
    • 1 month, 2 to 8 °C under sterile conditions after reconstitution.
    • 6 months, -20 to -70 °C under sterile conditions after reconstitution.
Background: APP 695+1

Amyloid precursor protein (APP) is a type I membrane protein with several human isoforms due to alternative splicing. APP770, 751, and 733 contain a Kunitz protease inhibitor (KPI) domain (residue 291‑342) and APP695 does not. APP is a cell surface molecule with many functions. It can be processed proteolytically in two different pathways. In one pathway, beta - and gamma -secretase cleave at the  beta  site between residue 670 and 671 and the gamma site between residue 711 and 714 to produce beta ‑amyloid peptide (A beta 40 and A beta 42), a major component in plaques found in brains of patients with Alzheimer's disease (1). The other pathway involves alpha -secretase that cleaves residues between 687 and 688. It is antiamyloidogenic due to its benign character and the prevention of the A beta peptide formation (2). Soluble APP containing the KPI domain, also referred to as protease nexin II, is a potent inhibitor of serine proteases and may have additional functions. For example, it may regulate the contact face of blood coagulation and limit thrombosis specially in brain due to its localization and coagulation factor XI inhibiting activity (3, 4).

  • References:
    1. Haass, C. (2004) EMBO J. 23:483.
    2. Lichtenthaler, S. F. and C. Haass (2004) J. Clin. Invest. 113:1384.
    3. Badellino, K.O. and P.N. Walsh (2000) Biochemistry 39:4769.
    4. Xu, F. et al. (2005) Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci USA. 102:18135.
  • Long Name:
    Amyloid Precursor Protein 695+1 Frameshift Mutant
  • Entrez Gene IDs:
    351 (Human); 11820 (Mouse)
  • Alternate Names:
    APP 695+1
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