Human CCL3/CCL4 Antibody

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Product Details
Citations (3)
Supplemental Products

Human CCL3/CCL4 Antibody Summary

Species Reactivity
Detects human CCL3/MIP-1 alpha in Western blots. In direct ELISAs, 100% cross-reactivity with recombinant human (rh) CCL4/MIP-1 beta is observed. Does not cross-react with rhCCL1, 2, 5, 7, 8, 11, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24, 25, 26, recombinant mouse CCL1, 2, 3, 5, 6, 7, CCL9/10MIP-1 gamma, 11, 12, 17, 19, 20, 21, 22, 24, 25, or recombinant rat CCL20.
Monoclonal Mouse IgG2B Clone # 93342
Protein A or G purified from ascites
E. coli-derived recombinant human CCL3/MIP-1 alpha
Accession # P10147
Lyophilized from a 0.2 μm filtered solution in PBS with Trehalose. *Small pack size (SP) is supplied either lyophilized or as a 0.2 µm filtered solution in PBS.


Recommended Concentration
Western Blot
1 µg/mL
Recombinant Human CCL3/MIP‑1 alpha isoform LD78a (Catalog # 270-LD) under non-reducing conditions only
Ready to be labeled using established conjugation methods. No BSA or other carrier proteins that could interfere with conjugation.
Intracellular Staining by Flow Cytometry
2.5 µg/106 cells
Human peripheral blood mononuclear cells treated with LPS, fixed with paraformaldehyde, and permeabilized with saponin

Please Note: Optimal dilutions should be determined by each laboratory for each application. General Protocols are available in the Technical Information section on our website.

Reconstitution Calculator

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Preparation and Storage

Reconstitute at 0.5 mg/mL in sterile PBS.
Reconstitution Buffer Available
Reconstitution Buffer 1 (PBS)
Catalog #
Size / Price
The product is shipped at ambient temperature. Upon receipt, store it immediately at the temperature recommended below. *Small pack size (SP) is shipped with polar packs. Upon receipt, store it immediately at -20 to -70 °C
Stability & Storage
Use a manual defrost freezer and avoid repeated freeze-thaw cycles.
  • 12 months from date of receipt, -20 to -70 °C as supplied.
  • 1 month, 2 to 8 °C under sterile conditions after reconstitution.
  • 6 months, -20 to -70 °C under sterile conditions after reconstitution.

Background: CCL3/CCL4

The macrophage inflammatory proteins -1 alpha and -1 beta were originally co-purified from medium conditioned by an LPS-stimulated murine macrophage cell line. Human MIP‑1 alpha refers to the products of several independently cloned cDNAs, including LD78, pL78, pAT464, and GOS19. These cDNAs all code for the same human protein that is a homologue of the murine MIP‑1 alpha. Mature MIP-1 alpha and MIP‑1 beta in both human and mouse share approximately 70% homology at the amino acid level. The MIP‑1 proteins are members of the beta (C-C) subfamily of chemokines. Both MIP‑1 alpha and MIP-1 beta are monocyte chemoattractants in vitro. Additionally, the MIP‑1 proteins have been reported to have chemoattractant and adhesive effects on lymphocytes, with MIP‑1 alpha and MIP‑1 beta preferentially attracting CD8+ and CD4+ T cells, respectively. MIP‑1 alpha has also been shown to attract B cells as well as eosinophils. MIP‑1 proteins have been reported to have multiple effects on hematopoietic precursor cells and MIP‑1 alpha has been identified as a stem cell inhibitory factor that can inhibit the proliferation of hematopoietic stem cells in vitro as well as in vivo. The functional receptor for MIP‑1 alpha has been identified as CCR1 and CCR5.

  1. Menten, P. et al. (2002) Cytokine Growth Factor Rev. 13:455.
Long Name
CCL3/MIP-1 alpha and CCL4/MIP-1 beta Cross-reactive
Alternate Names
C-C motif chemokine;C-C motif chemokine 3;G0S19-1;LD78ALPHA;MIP1A;MIP-1-alpha;SCYA3; CCL3/CCL4

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Citations for Human CCL3/CCL4 Antibody

R&D Systems personnel manually curate a database that contains references using R&D Systems products. The data collected includes not only links to publications in PubMed, but also provides information about sample types, species, and experimental conditions.

3 Citations: Showing 1 - 3
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  1. Molecular Signatures of Dengue Virus-Specific IL-10/IFN-gamma Co-producing CD4�T Cells and Their Association with Dengue Disease
    Authors: Y Tian, G Seumois, LM De-Oliveir, J Mateus, S Herrera-de, C Kim, D Hinz, NDS Goonawardh, AD de Silva, S Premawansa, G Premawansa, A Wijewickra, A Balmaseda, A Grifoni, P Vijayanand, E Harris, B Peters, A Sette, D Weiskopf
    Cell Rep, 2019-12-24;29(13):4482-4495.e4.
    Species: Human
    Sample Types: Whole Cells
    Applications: Flow Cytometry
  2. Activating KIR2DS4 Is Expressed by Uterine NK Cells and Contributes to Successful Pregnancy
    Authors: Ashley Moffett
    J. Immunol., 2016-11-04;0(0):.
    Species: Human
    Sample Types: Whole Cells
    Applications: Flow Cytometry
  3. MIP-1alpha (CCL3) is a downstream target of FGFR3 and RAS-MAPK signaling in multiple myeloma.
    Authors: Masih-Khan E, Trudel S, Heise C, Li Z, Paterson J, Nadeem V, Wei E, Roodman D, Claudio JO, Bergsagel PL, Stewart AK
    Blood, 2006-07-18;108(10):3465-71.
    Species: Human
    Sample Types: Whole Cells
    Applications: Flow Cytometry


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