Detection of Human CD163 by Western Blot. Western blot shows lysates of human thymus tissue, human liver tissue, and human placenta tissue. PVDF membrane was probed with 1 µg/mL of Goat Anti-Human CD163 Antigen Affinity-purified Polyclonal Antibody (Catalog # AF1607) followed by HRP-conjugated Anti-Goat IgG Secondary Antibody (Catalog # HAF019). A specific band was detected for CD163 at approximately 150 kDa (as indicated). This experiment was conducted under reducing conditions and using Immunoblot Buffer Group 1.
Detection of Human CD163 by Simple WesternTM. Simple Western lane view shows lysates of human placenta tissue, loaded at 0.2 mg/mL. A specific band was detected for CD163 at approximately 179 kDa (as indicated) using 10 µg/mL of Goat Anti-Human CD163 Antigen Affinity-purified Polyclonal Antibody (Catalog # AF1607) followed by 1:50 dilution of HRP-conjugated Anti-Goat IgG Secondary Antibody (Catalog # HAF109). This experiment was conducted under reducing conditions and using the 12-230 kDa separation system.
Preparation and Storage
Reconstitute at 0.2 mg/mL in sterile PBS.
The product is shipped at ambient temperature. Upon receipt, store it immediately at the temperature recommended below. *Small pack size (SP) is shipped with polar packs. Upon receipt, store it immediately at -20 to -70 °C
Stability & Storage
Use a manual defrost freezer and avoid repeated freeze-thaw cycles.
12 months from date of receipt, -20 to -70 °C as supplied.
1 month, 2 to 8 °C under sterile conditions after reconstitution.
6 months, -20 to -70 °C under sterile conditions after reconstitution.
CD163, previously called M130 or p155, is a 130-160 kDa type I transmembrane glycoprotein that belongs to group B of the cysteine-rich scavenger receptor family (1-3). It is essential for clearance of hemoglobin-haptoglobin (Hb-Hp) complexes in the liver, spleen and circulation (4). The human CD163 contains a 41 amino acid (aa) signal sequence, a 1009 aa extracellular domain (ECD) with 9 scavenger receptor cysteine-rich (SRCR) domains, a 22 aa transmembrane segment, and a 39‑84 aa cytoplasmic region (1). The third SRCR domain is crucial for calcium-dependent binding of hemoglobin/haptoglobin complexes (3). Three splice forms (isoforms 2, 3 and 4) vary within their intracellular regions (1, 5), while one isoform (# 4) also has a 34 aa insert between SRCR domains 5 and 6 within the ECD. While all are expressed, isoform 3 is the most abundant, being generally expressed on the cell surface and most active in endocytosis (5). An approximately 130 kDa soluble form of human CD163 (sCD163) is assumed to contain virtually all of the ECD, which shares 74%, 75%, 84%, 86%, 86%, and 87% aa identity with mouse, rat, bovine, equine, porcine and canine CD163 ECD, respectively (6, 7). It is released from the cell surface by proteolysis after oxidative stress or inflammatory stimuli, including bacterial endotoxins and activation of the Toll-like receptors TLR2 or TLR5 (7 - 10). Expression of CD163 is constitutive, and induced by glucocorticoids, IL-10, IL-6 or endotoxin on circulating monocytes, tissue macrophages, and at low levels on monocyte-derived dendritic cells (1, 2, 11, 12). In addition to clearing Hb-Hp complexes, CD163 is also a scavenger receptor for free Hb (if Hp is depleted) and TWEAK (TNF-like weak inducer of apoptosis), and can function as an erythroblast adhesion receptor (4, 13-15).
Law, S.K.A. et al. (1993) Eur. J. Immunol. 23:2320.
Sulahian, T.H. et al. (2000) Cytokine 12:1312.
Madsen, M. et al. (2004) J. Biol. Chem. 279:51561.
Kristiansen, M. et al. (2001) Nature 409:198.
Nielsen, M.J. et al. (2006) J. Leukoc. Biol. 79:837.
Moller, H.J. et al. (2002) Blood 99:378.
Droste, A. et al. (1999) Biochem. Biophys. Res. Commun. 256:110.
Hintz, K. A. et al. (2002) J. Leukoc. Biol. 72:711.
Weaver, L.K. et al. (2006) J. Leukoc. Biol. 80:26.
Timmerman, M. and P. Hogger (2005) Free Radic. Biol. Med. 39:98.
Buechler, C. et al. (2000) J. Leukoc. Biol. 67:97.
Pulford, K.A. et al. (1989) J. Clin. Pathol. 42:414.
R&D Systems personnel manually curate a database that contains references using R&D Systems products.
The data collected includes not only links to publications in PubMed,
but also provides information about sample types, species, and experimental conditions.
The reconstitution calculator allows you to quickly calculate the volume of a reagent to reconstitute your vial. Simply enter the mass of reagent and the target concentration and the calculator will determine the rest.